ANCIENT GREECE. Region of isolated valleys, hills, small plains, peninsulas, and islands Sea formed its focal point Nothing more than barbarous fringe area to older civilizations of the Middle East Tiny, unimportant, and poor in natural resources.
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Greece also benefited from its position on the edge of the civilized world
Far enough away to escape domination by the various Middle Eastern Empires but close enough to absorb the rich culture of its eastern neighbors
Although generally isolated and backward, the Dark Age did see some technological and cultural innovations that would create foundation for future Greek civilization
Iron, for example, came into general use for weapons and agricultural implements
People who fled Greece settled on Aegean Islands, coast of Asia Minor, and elsewhere, forming base for prosperous city-states that would develop there
Mask of Agamemnon, king of Argos
Stimulated another wave of migration and Greek migrants from the peninsula and other settlements founded hundreds of new sites along Black Sea, the Adriatic, and western Mediterranean
Population of Greek world began to grow rapidly around 800 BC