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Early Civilizations in India. Ch.3 Sec.1. Geography of India. Himalayas – Border India to the north Highest mountain peaks in the world Ganges & Indus Rivers – Created two major valleys each with a major river running through it Monsoons –

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geography of india
Geography of India
  • Himalayas –
    • Border India to the north
    • Highest mountain peaks in the world
  • Ganges & Indus Rivers –
    • Created two major valleys each with a major river running through it
  • Monsoons –
    • Refers to seasonal wind patterns in this part of the world
    • For months on end each year, heavy rain and winds hit India
early civilizations of india
Early Civilizations of India
  • Harappan & MohenjoDaro -
    • Large city-states found along the Indus River
    • Cities housed over 35,000 people
    • Shows careful planning by original peoples
    • Had public wells, bathroom systems w/ plumbing, home garbage disposals
    • Were a theocracies
    • Based economy on farming
    • Traded regularly with Sumerians, Egyptians
    • Reasons for decline are a mystery
arrival of the aryans
Arrival of the Aryans
  • Aryans –
    • Were Indo-Europeans
    • Decided to migrate to N. India
    • Were a warrior-culture peoples
    • Settled down and took over all the native tribes
  • Sanskrit –
    • Written language used by the Aryans
    • Probably adopted from the native peoples
    • Recorded mostly legends and religious rules and ceremonies
arrival of the aryans1
Arrival of the Aryans
  • Vedas –
    • Collection of early sanskrit writings
    • Reveals daily life and history of ancient India
daily life in ancient india
Daily Life in Ancient India
  • Male Life in India –
    • Were only ones educated
    • Were only ones who could own or inherit property
    • Could only hold religious positions
    • Polygamy was accepted for child-bearing reasons
  • Female Life in India –
    • Given away in arranged marriages
    • Took care of the home, had to bear many children
daily life in ancient india1
Daily Life in Ancient India
  • Suttee –
    • Practice of wife dying along with her husband
    • Would throw herself onto her husband’s funeral pyre and be burned
    • Women who refused were held in disgrace and shunned from society
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