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Right Based Management (RBM) in the Baltic and the EU. BS RAC Workshop on RBM Copenhagen, 15 January 2008 Alberto Spagnolli, Erik Lindebo (DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs). Today’s objectives.

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Right Based Management (RBM) in the Baltic and the EU


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right based management rbm in the baltic and the eu

Right Based Management (RBM) in the Baltic and the EU

BS RAC Workshop on RBM

Copenhagen, 15 January 2008

Alberto Spagnolli, Erik Lindebo

(DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs)

today s objectives
Today’s objectives
  • Discuss the Baltic RBM regimes: background, drivers, rules/mechanisms, goals, experiences and results
  • Exchange views on key issues raised in the Commission Communication on RBM
  • Exchange views on future developments in this area (short and long term) and on the possible role by the EU/Commission

Avoid theoretical debate, focus on concreteregimes/experiences and on concrete ideas/proposals

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

commission initiative historical background why an eu debate on rbm
Commission initiative: Historical background - why an EU debate on RBM?
  • Commitmenttaken under the 2002 CFP reform
  • RBM are a national competence, but they impact on CFP
  • RBM systems progressively more applied by MSs
  • «Community» dimension exists in practice with quota hopping and quota swaps
  • Management regimes have led to capital values of licenses, quotas!

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

commission initiative objectives
Commission initiative: Objectives
  • Improve knowledge of national regimes
  • Identify and disseminate best practices
  • Examine scope for new initiatives at EU level:
    • In the short term
    • In view of next CFP reform

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

main issues in relation to rbm
Main issues in relation to RBM
  • Common property vs privaterights
  • Types of fishing rights (licenses, effort, quotas)
  • Individual vs collectiverights
  • Transferability and markets
  • Initial allocation and durability of fishing rights
  • Concentration, impacts on small-scale fisheries and access to fisheries
  • RBM and discards
  • RBM and enforcement
  • Relative stability

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

commission initiative state of play and next steps
Commission initiative: State of play and next steps
  • Communication is part of an open ended debate
  • Several views and contributions collected through meetings, events and web-based consultation

http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/governance/consultations/consultation_260207_en.htm

  • EP and EESC reports and Council discussion still pending. Results of study to come.
  • Commission to sum up debate in the first half of 2008 and to envisage short term and long term (CFP reform) initiatives

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

some lessons learned
Some lessons learned
  • RBM evolution is rapid and not always well-known
  • Important economic values associated with licenses, quota and effort – part of investment decisions
  • MS view “ownership” of public property in various ways
  • Impact on small scale sector is a concern for many
  • Passive quota ownership should be avoided (slipper skippers)
  • Analysis needed for MS and fleets
    • Review of RBM systems
    • Quota over/under-utilisation

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

baltic rbm examples
Baltic: RBM examples
  • Denmark: ITQs for pelagics (2003), New Regulation of transferable vessel shares (2007), industrial species (2008)
  • Sweden: IVQs for some pelagic stocks (2003) and all pelagic stocks (2007), TURFs, effort trade
  • Estonia: ITQs in Baltic and High Seas (2001),Transferable enterprise quota shares for all commercial fisheries (2001)
  • Latvia: Fishing rights lease up to 15 yrs, non-transferable
  • Germany: Partly transferable IQs (Baltic cod and saithe)

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

baltic rbm and relative stability
Baltic: RBM and Relative Stability
  • Baltic Sea is an enclosed area with well defined MS users
  • Can we set up a regional RBM system?
  • What future for relative stability?
    • At EU level – between MS
    • At national level – between sectors
  • What other options are there in the short and long terms?

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs

future role of the commission
Future role of the Commission?
  • Draw up basic principles or best-practice criteria?
  • Help to harmonise current systems?
  • Set up an EU-wide RBM system?
  • Does relative stability have a future?
  • What next for the CFP?

DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs