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MODE 4 OF THE GATS Taking Stock and Moving Forward. G. Hultin Caden Corporation S.A. Migration – a growing reality. More than 190 million international migrants Growing 3% annually 67 million – displaced by conflict 250 million – estimated effect by global warming by 2050.

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mode 4 of the gats taking stock and moving forward

MODE 4 OF THE GATSTaking Stock and Moving Forward

G. Hultin

Caden Corporation S.A.

WTO Symposium, 22 September 2008

migration a growing reality
Migration – a growing reality
  • More than 190 million international migrants
    • Growing 3% annually
  • 67 million – displaced by conflict
  • 250 million – estimated effect by global warming by 2050
traditional origins and destinations
Traditional origins and destinations

Worker migration:

Source: OECD and UN Population Division statistics

but the situation may be changing
…but the situation may be changing

Source: Manpower Inc. Borderless Workforce Survey, 2008

talent in demand in asia as its labour moves to higher value
Talent in demand in Asia as its labour moves to higher value
  • Annual employment creation
    • Industry abt. 12 million
    • Services abt. 28 million
  • Of service jobs
    • 9% in US, Europe
    • 73% in Asia

Source: ILO, Imputation, Estimation and prediction using KILM Data Set

and increasingly turn to foreign talent
…and increasingly turn to foreign talent

Source: Manpower Inc. Borderless Workforce Survey, 2008

the majority relocate for jobs of low to medium skills
The majority relocate for jobs of low to medium skills
  • 80% of labour migrants fill jobs of low to medium skill levels
  • Distance that individuals are willing to relocate for work
    • Anywhere in the world 37%
    • Within current country 20%
    • Within hours of current home 19%

16%

14%

23%

47%

53%

41%

7%

22%

12%

11%

24%

35%

27%

6%

  • 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • million

3 2 1

million

Source: OECD, Immigrant Populations in the 21st Century, 2008

self improvement and career drive white collar worker
Self-improvement and career drive white collar worker
  • Top five reasons for white collar workers to relocate
    • Increased pay 82%
    • Career opportunity 74%
    • Better employment 73%
    • Culture/environment 51%
    • New language 47%

Source: Manpower Inc., Relocation for Work Survey, 2008

while jobs and income motivate blue collar workers
…while jobs and income motivate blue collar workers

Economic growth

People with low skills

People with professional

or technical skills

security

job opportunity

life quality

networks & affinity

environment

culture and social distance

transporation cost

distance

journey

stability

professional develpment

self-branding

individual

income

Source: Manpower Inc., Latin American Mobility Study, 2007

the economic case for migration
The economic case for migration

Jobs go where people are

People go where jobs are

the policy case for migration
The policy case for migration
  • Stop trafficking of human beings
    • Third largest illegal industry in the world
    • 12.3 million people in forced labour or sexual servitude
  • Combat exploitation of migrant workers
    • Host and home country employment agents work to different standards
    • Violation of migrants’ fundamental worker rights
    • Lack of recourse or grievance procedures
  • Align policy with business needs
    • Coordination of employment process in host and home country
    • Simplified and shorter immigration procedures
    • Skill assessment and recognition, coming and going