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DAISY 101

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  1. DAISY 101 Gaeir Dietrich Interim Director High Tech Center Training Unitof the California Community Colleges Co-chair DAISY in Higher Ed Working Group

  2. DAISY • Digital • Accessible • Information • System

  3. What are the benefits of DAISY? • Special type of Digital Talking Book (DTB) • Structure and navigation VS a “flat” unstructured reading experience • Ever-expanding standard

  4. DAISY Features • Have the ability to go to specific pages and sections • Can add, search for, and remove bookmarks • Have the ability to skim the text • Portable • Worldwide standard for Digital Talking Books (DTBs)

  5. Expanding Vision • DAISY is designed to incorporate new features and functionality • Expandable • “Cheese pizza” analogy • First expansion • MathML

  6. Some Definitions • E-text • Text a computer can read, also called electronic text, digital text (e.g., e-mail, Word docs, etc.) • MP3 and WAV • Two formats for sound on the computer; MP3 is more compressed (i.e., smaller) than WAV • WMA (Windows Media Audio) • Another sound type—belongs to Microsoft • Text-to-Speech (TTS) • Text that is made audible by a computer-generated “voice”

  7. DAISY vs. … • E-text • DAISY has structure: headings, pages • MP3 • DAISY is navigable, bookmarkable, players remember where you left off • E-text with TTS • DAISY has navigation, bookmarks • DAISY can have images

  8. So Many DAISYs… • DAISY is • DAISY standard • An open-source standard for digital audio • DAISY Consortium • Group that oversees the standard • DAISY format • The format for DAISY books • DAISY books • Electronic books in the DAISY format

  9. What’s inside a DAISY? NCC Document(navigation control center) XHTML MP3 Text Side Audio Side SMIL Both Sides Synchronized

  10. DAISY 2.02 Folder

  11. Please Note • When loading multiple DAISY 2.02 books onto a player • Each book must be in its own folder • Follow manufacturers instructions • When burning a DAISY book onto CD • One book per CD • *No* folder • Put book files in “root” directory, i.e., loose

  12. Stream Folder Structure

  13. DAISY / NISO • AKA DAISY 3 • Bundled into one file dot OPF • Package file • Beginning to be implemented • Hardware players will need firmware upgrade

  14. Where’s the text? • Not all DAISY books are the same • DAISY will vary a bit depending on • How it was produced • How much mark up was done by the producer

  15. DAISY “Flavors” • Text Only • Format used by Bookshare • Structured Audio • Audio only • Format used by RFB&D • Audio and Full Text • Can be created with commercially available publishing tools

  16. Text Only…but It’s Audio • Text Only DAISY books • Are played with a DAISY player that has built in text to speech (TTS) • Are smaller files because they do not already contain audio • Audio is BIG!! • Can be used with whatever “voices” you have

  17. Why can’t I see it? • Audio Only DAISY books • Are usually human narration • Recording of a person reading aloud • Adding the text to these books requires the text and audio to be synchronized • Kind of like captioning • Usually have a “navigation structure” that can be seen

  18. Best of Both Worlds • Full Text Full Audio DAISY • Has both text that can be seen and sound that can be heard • Audio comes as part of the book • Do not need TTS or voices • Audio may be human narration or machine generated

  19. Playing DAISY: in General • Requires a DAISY player • Software and hardware players available • Software—free to $300 • Hardware—$195 to $995 • DAISY players also play MP3 files • DAISY players allow you to control speed and pitch

  20. Playing the Flavors • Text only • Requires a DAISY player with built-in text to speech (TTS) • Audio only • Human narration—no text to see • Works on any player • Audio and full text • Speech can be human or TTS (usually TTS) • Text and graphics can be seen

  21. Players

  22. Bookshare.org • www.bookshare.org • Text-only DAISY • Requires player with TTS built in • Membership free for all students and educational institutions • Software included in membership

  23. Playing Bookshare Books • Choose from • Victor Reader Soft • Generally preferred by blind users • Don Johnson Read OutLoud • Generally preferred by LD users • Software “tied” to Bookshare format • Only plays Bookshare books • Can also play on some other systems • OpenBook, Kurzweil 1000/3000, WYNN

  24. RFB&D • Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic • www.rfbd.org • Audio-only DAISY • Individual memberships now free • Institutions still pay a fee • Books on CD or downloadable

  25. RFB&D AudioPlus CDs • Requires RFB&D authorized player • Can purchase players through RFB&D • Other players can be sent to RFB&D to have “key” installed • User requires code to “unlock” books • RFB&D players can play other DAISY books • Players have firmware upgrade from DAISY 2.02 to DAISY 3

  26. Downloadable Audio Access RFB&D • Are not DAISY • Are WMA with DRM (Digital Rights Management) • Do not have navigation • Can be played with Windows Media Player and some players (Zen by Creative; *not* iPod) • Can be converted to MP3 (burn to CD)

  27. Playing RFB&D Books • Two downloadable formats • AudioPlus • DAISY • Requires RFB&D-authorized DAISY software or hardware • AudioAccess • WMA files with DRM • Not DAISY • Software currently Windows only

  28. RFB&D Free for students Schools pay fee Audio only Human narration Requires RFB&D authorized hardware/software Requires “key” to unlock books www.rfbd.org Bookshare Free for students Free for schools Text only Synthetic speech (TTS) Software player comes with membership Playable on some hardware players with TTS built in www.bookshare.org Comparison

  29. National Library Services • NLS DAISY books will have very limited mark-up • No page numbers • Heading level navigation • Players will be free

  30. Sources of DAISY Books • RFB&D • www.rfbd.net • Bookshare • www.bookshare.org • Read How You Want (for purchase) • www.readhowyouwant.com • National Library Services (NLS) • www.nlstalkingbooks.org/dtb/ • Produced on some college campuses

  31. Grow Your Own DAISYs • Commercial software available • Can begin with text and convert into Audio Full Text DAISY • Check these vendors • Dolphin • IRTI • SADX (Save As DAISY XML)

  32. DAISY in Higher Ed • Special working group of the DAISY Consortium • Presence on the DAISY.org Web site • Designated consortium liaison • George Kerscher, Secretary General of the DAISY Consortium • Direct access to information about DAISY • Conference line and discussion list • Free membership for higher ed

  33. Purpose of the Working Group • Feedback to DAISY Consortium on use of DAISY in higher ed • Raise awareness of higher ed issues • Attend DAISY meetings • Work with disability service offices • Provide information/understanding • Provide training materials • Simplify process

  34. Web Site • http://www.daisy.org/projects/higher-ed/ • Resources available • General information • FAQs • Partial list of DAISY books available worldwide

  35. Joining the List • Send a blank e-mail to • Join-daisy-in-higher-ed@mail.daisy.org • No need for text in the subject or body of the email. • Should then receive a conformation email within two days that you have been added to the email list.

  36. Demo • Victor Reader Classic Plus • Victor Reader Stream • Dolphin Easy-Reader

  37. Thank You! Gaeir Dietrichgdietrich@htctu.net 408-996-6043 DAISY in Higher Ed Web site www.daisy.org/projects/higher-ed/