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6 th Grade Chapter 7 Lesson 1 Drugs and Medicines D4-D11. How Medicines Help You Drug - A substance that changes the way the body or mind works. Medicine - A drug used to prevent or cure illness or disease or relieve pain.

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6th Grade Chapter 7

Lesson 1 Drugs and

Medicines D4-D11

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How Medicines Help You

  • Drug- A substance that changes the way the body or mind works.
  • Medicine- A drug used to prevent or cure illness or disease or relieve pain.
  • Prescription Drug- Medicine that can only be obtained with a written order form from a physician.
  • OTC Drug- Medicine purchased without a prescription (over the counter).
ways drugs are used as medicine
Ways Drugs are used as Medicine
  • Cure illness or disease (vaccines)
  • Treat symptoms (pain, runny nose)
  • Treat conditions that last a long time (high blood pressure)
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How Drugs Enter the body

  • Swallowed – pills, cough medicine.
  • Injected- into a vein or muscle using a needle.
  • Inhaled- through the nose or mouth (asthma inhaler)
  • Absorbed – through the skin (ointments, drops or sprays)
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How Drugs Affect the Body

  • Dose- the amount of a drug taken at one time.
  • 1. Affected by:
  • a. Amount- larger the dose, the stronger
  • the effect.
  • b. Person’s age- a drug may effect a very
  • young or very old person differently.
  • c. Body weight- greater the body weight,
  • the greater dose is needed.
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d. Health of a person- a drug can affect

someone differently who is in poor

health.

e. State of mind- a person’s mood can

affect a drug’s performance.

f. Presence of other drugs- in the body

can increase or decrease their effect.

g. Side Effects- a drug may respond

differently from one person to the next.

how drugs affect the body
How drugs affect the body
  • Side Effect- an unwanted reaction to a drug.
  • Tolerance- condition in which increasing amounts of a drug are needed to produce the desired effect. (built up immunity)
drug safety
Drug Safety
  • A Pharmacist is a licensed professional who distributes drugs.
  • Safe OTC Drug use include:
  • Take only with parents supervision.
  • Read the label! Follow all instructions.
  • Use only for its stated purpose.
  • Do not buy if the seal is broken.
  • Check the expiration date.
  • Keep OTC’s in their original containers.
misuse and drug abuse
Misuse and Drug Abuse
  • What is the difference between misuse and abuse?
  • Misuse- unintentional
  • Abuse- done on purpose
  • Physical Dependence- repeated use that causes tolerance.
  • Psychological Dependence- repeated use for social reasons.
signs of drug use
Signs of Drug Use
  • Lying about using
  • “I only tried it once”
  • Hiding or smelling like drugs
  • Having friends that use