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Currently how many Mexican immigrants are there in the United States?. In 2009, there were approximately 11.5 million Mexican immigrants in the United States 1. 1: http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=112. 62%, or almost 2/3 of all Mexican immigrants, are illegal 1.

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In 2009 there were approximately 11 5 million mexican immigrants in the united states 1
In 2009, there were approximately 11.5 million Mexican immigrants in the United States1

1: http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=112


62 or almost 2 3 of all mexican immigrants are illegal 1
62%, or almost 2/3 of all Mexican immigrants, are illegal immigrants in the United States1

2: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois_ill_pe_2009.pdf



Why are so many mexicans leaving mexico
Why are so many Mexicans leaving Mexico? immigrants in the United States

By: Kaitlin Farrell

April 5, 2010


Family ties
Family Ties immigrants in the United States


Currently how many mexican immigrants are there in the united states

  • 1,969 mile border immigrants in the United States

  • History of immigration between the two countries

  • Most Mexicans immigrate to the southwest

  • Circular migration-->permanent settlement

  • Mexican-American War (1846-1848)


Currently how many mexican immigrants are there in the united states

immigrants in the United StatesIn the felicitous phrase of contemporary immigrant activists,

they didn’t cross the border; the border crossed them.”1

http://www.focus-migration.de/Mexico.5296.0.html?&L=1


What does this all mean
What Does This All Mean? immigrants in the United States

  • Family connections across the border help propel immigration!

  • Almost 2/3 of the Mexican population has a relative living in the United States1

  • In a survey of about 5,000 Mexican immigrants, 80% reported having a relative other than a spouse or a child in the U.S.2

  • Remittances

1: http://www.focus-migration.de/Mexico.5296.0.html?&L=1

2: http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-12-06-immigrant-survey_x.htm


Escaping crime
Escaping Crime immigrants in the United States


The drug wars
The Drug Wars immigrants in the United States

  • Most prevalent in the northern Mexico, especially Ciudad Juarez

  • Gruesome

  • U.S. is partly to blame- we are the consumers

  • Mexican President Felipe Calderon’s own war on drugs, 2007

  • 10,031 have died in drug-related deaths since 20071

  • Has created a new immigrant group of asylum seekers, typically “middle-class, employed, and frightened”2

1: http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/#/its-a-war

2: http://articles.latimes.com/2009/mar/04/nation/na-asylum4/2


Poverty
Poverty immigrants in the United States


The statistics
The Statistics immigrants in the United States

  • While the percentage of Mexico’s poor is about the same as it was 20 years ago, the population has risen1

  • Large gap between rich and poor

  • In 2008:

    • 19.5 million people living in “extreme” poverty

    • 50.6 million people living in poverty2 (just about half of the total population of Mexico)

1: http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/213/45611.html

2: http://www.caller.com/news/2009/dec/13/mexico-needs-defeat-both-poverty-cartels/


Currently how many mexican immigrants are there in the united states

  • Poverty is most prevalent in rural areas immigrants in the United States

  • Even though only about 25% of the population lives in rural areas, they represent about 70% of Mexico’s extreme poor and about 46% of Mexico’s moderately poor1

1: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTMEXICO/Resources/A_Study_of_Rural_Poverty_in_Mexico.pdf


States of origin of mexican immigrants 2008
States of Origin of Mexican immigrants, 2008 immigrants in the United States


Coincidentally
Coincidentally… immigrants in the United States


Single cause not likely
Single Cause? Not Likely immigrants in the United States

  • Why such poverty?

    • No one single cause

    • Much has to do with the country’s unstable past

    • Quick history lesson on Mexico…


Mexican political structure
Mexican Political Structure immigrants in the United States

  • Independence from Spain declared in 1810

  • Have had 3 different constitutions since then

  • Authoritarian presidents

  • Revolution in 1910, lasted a decade


Currently how many mexican immigrants are there in the united states


Economy
Economy held most of the power

  • After years of instability due to the Revolution, experienced rapid economic growth between 1946-1970

    • Predominately urban for first time

    • “Mexicanize” the economy & growth of national industries1

1: A Concise History of Mexico, p. 256


Economic turmoil
Economic turmoil held most of the power

  • 1970s-1980s = economic crises!

  • Problem with “Mexicanizing” the economy was that it created a closed environment


As a result
As a result… held most of the power

  • Mexican leaders opened up the country to international investment, trade, and competition (aka globalization)

  • NAFTA, 1994

    • Pros and Cons


Therefore
Therefore… held most of the power

  • Mexico’s political and economic structures have created many shortfalls

  • The economic crises especially have “hampered overall growth, halted the creation of new jobs and pushed large numbers of the lower middle class into poverty.”1

1: http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/213/45611.html


Is poverty improving
Is Poverty Improving? held most of the power

  • Some say yes because of statistics

  • But in reality, still large numbers of Mexicans living in poverty

  • Still see U.S. as opportunity to advance

    • 1/3 of Mexicans would still move to U.S. if they could1

1: http://pewglobal.org/reports/display.php?ReportID=266


Conclusion
Conclusion held most of the power

  • Why are so many Mexicans leaving Mexico?

    • Family ties

    • Escape the violence

    • Escape poverty

  • All 3 are connected


Bibliography
Bibliography held most of the power

  • Baker, B. C., Hoefer, M., & Rytina, N. (2009). Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2009. Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois_ill_pe_2009.pdf

  • Becker, A. & McDonnell, P. J. (2009, March 4). Drug war creates new class of refugees. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2009/mar/04/nation/na-asylum4

  • Caller.com. (2009, December 13). Mexico needs to defeat both poverty, cartels. Retrieved from http://www.caller.com/news/2009/dec/13/mexico-needs-defeat-both-poverty-cartels/

  • Chavez, A. H. (2006). Mexico: A Brief History. (A. Klatt, Trans.). Berkely , CA: University of California Press.

  • Cevallos, D. (2005, August 23). Not Everyone Celebrates Improved Poverty Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/211/45123.html

  • Cohn, D., & Passel, J. (2009). Mexican Immigrants: How Many Come? How Many Leave? Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=112

  • Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. (2010). Spotlight: Remittances to Mexico 
Cross-Border Money Flows Slowed by U.S. Slump. Retrieved from http://www.dallasfed.org/research/swe/2010/swe1001d.cfm#1

  • Focus Migration. (n.d.). Country Profile:Mexico. Retrieved from http://www.focus-migration.de/Mexico.5296.0.html?&L=1

  • Hamnett, B. (1999). A Concise History of Mexico. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press


Currently how many mexican immigrants are there in the united states

  • Income Generation and Social Protection for the Poor. (n.d.) A Study of Rural Poverty in Mexico. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTMEXICO/Resources/A_Study_of_Rural_Poverty_in_Mexico.pdf

  • Jordan, M. & Sullivan, K. (2003, March 22). Trade Brings Riches, but Not to Mexico’s Poor. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/213/45611.html

  • Los Angeles Times. (2010, April 5). Mexico Under Seige: The drug war at our doorstep. Retrieved from http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/#/its-a-war

  • Nasse, H. E. (2005, December 6). Family, better jobs pull Mexicans to USA. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-12-06-immigrant-survey_x.htm

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project. (2009, September 23). Most Mexicans See Better Life in U.S. - One-In-Three Would Migrate: Troubled by Crime, the Economy, Drugs and Corruption. Retrieved from http://pewglobal.org/reports/display.php?ReportID=266

  • Pew Hispanic Center. (2009). Mexican Immigrants in the United States, 2008. Retrieved from http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1191/mexican-immigrants-in-america-largest-group

  • Terrazas, A. (2010). Mexican Immigrants in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.migrationinformation.org/USfocus/display.cfm?id=767

  • Voice of America. (2010, March 17). Mexican Government Struggles to Contain Drug War Violence. VANews.com. Retrieved from http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/americas/Mexican-Government-Struggles-to-Contain-Drug-War-Violence-88275562.html