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Spelling Rules and Practice. Why do we need to know how to spell?.

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why do we need to know how to spell
Why do we need to know how to spell?

U r suppsot to do is sit down & be quiet & do your work: Also don’t turn in any 0 homework sheets if u do mak sure u bring the work u missting the very next day. The when start being good the teacher might start giving some prasull create and then u will start having a lot more better graded & your parents will be happy for u.

~8th grade behavior assignment

i before e except after c
“I before E except after C”

       I was first introduced to this little chant in elementary school, and it has served me well ever since. However, its simplicity is deceiving! Remember this is American English and with that comes "the exception to the rule!" The Exception: “I before E except after C or in words that sound like ‘ay’”: freight, beige, sleigh, weight, vein, reign, and weigh.

i before e except after c1
“I before E except after C”
  • A) belief B) beleif
  • A) recieve B) receive
  • A) grieve B) greive
  • A) mischievous B)mischeivous
  • A) nieghborB) neighbor
i before e except after c2
“I before E except after C”

6. A) ieghth B) eighth

7. A) niece B) neice

8. A) riendeer B) reindeer

9. A) alien B) alein

10. A) pierce B) peirce

i before e except after c3
“I before E except after C”

   Oh, one last thing, there is an exception to the exception: either, neither, feint, foreign, forfeit, height, leisure, weird, seize, and seizure.         Don't let the exceptions wear you out, the rule still works for the majority of "ie" words.

i before e except after c4
“I before E except after C”
  • Homework

Write “ie” rule 25 times.

I before E except after C or in words that sound like “ay.”

dropping final e
“Dropping Final E”

 When adding a suffix ending that begins with a vowel to a word that ends with a silent "e", drop the final "e": advancing, surprising, pricing, etc.          However, if the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the final "e": advancement, likeness, princely

An Easier Way to Say This — “If you have a vowel or add a vowel, drop the silent E.”

dropping final e1
“Dropping Final E”
  • A) storeage B) storage
  • A) lately B) latly
  • A) jokeing B) joking
  • A) fameous B)famous
  • A) basement B) basment
dropping final e2
“Dropping Final E”

6. A) illustrateion B) illustration

7. A) saveed B) saved

8. A) surely B) surly

9. A) management B)managment

10. A) likeness B) likness

dropping final e3
“Dropping Final E”

The Exception: If the silent "e" is preceded by another vowel, drop the "e" when adding any suffix: argument, argued, truly.          This is to avoid confusion and mispronunciation, the final "e" is kept in words where the final "e" is preceded by a soft "g" or a soft "c": changeable, courageous, manageable, management, noticeable. This is because of the rules of pronunciation that take precedence over spelling rules.

dropping final e4
“Dropping Final E”
  • A) shoed B) shod
  • A) truely B) truly
  • A) arguement B) argument
  • A) fleeing B) fleing
dropping final e5
“Dropping Final E”
  • Homework

Write “silent E” rule 25 times.

If you have a vowel or add a vowel, drop the silent E.

dropping final y
“Dropping Final Y”

 When adding suffix to a word that ends with y, change the "y" to "i" when it is preceded by a consonant: supply becomes supplies, worry becomes worried, merry becomes merrier.

“Change the Y to an I if there’s a consonant in

front but not for –ing.”

dropping final y1
“Dropping Final Y”

The Exception:This does not apply to the ending -ing: crying, studying. Also, it does not apply when the final "y" is preceded by a vowel: obeyed, saying.

dropping final y2
“Dropping Final Y”
  • A) candies B) candyes
  • A) fliing B) flying
  • A) partied B) partyed
  • A) pennies B) pennyes
  • A) triing B) trying
dropping final y3
“Dropping Final Y”

6. A) plaied B) played

7. A) worried B) worryed

8. A) said B) sayd

9. A) ponies B) ponyes

10. A) studied B) studyed

dropping final y4
“Dropping Final Y”
  • Homework

Write “final Y” rule 20 times.

Change the Y to an I if there’s a consonant in

front but not for –ing.

doubling final consonants
“Doubling Final Consonants”

 When adding a suffix, doubling consonants at the end of words is sometimes decided by the number of syllables. For example, if the last syllable of a word is accented and that syllable ends in a single vowel followed by a single consonant, you would double the final consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel.

I know, I know, Aaaakk!! That sounds hard, but it’s not, once you get the hang of it.

doubling final consonants1
“Doubling Final Consonants”

How about instead, we say…

“Double the last letter IF it is accented and is one consonant after one vowel.”

doubling final consonants2
“Doubling Final Consonants”

Here's an example: "submit" is accented on the last syllable and the final consonant is preceded by a vowel, (submit). We double the "t" before adding, for instance, -ing or -ed: submitting, submitted. Here's another example: flap contains only one syllable which means that it is always accented.

doubling final consonants3
“Doubling Final Consonants”

Again, the last consonant is preceded by a vowel (flap), so we double it before adding, for instance, -ing or -ed: flapping, flapped also referring, referral, or beginner, beginning.

doubling final consonants4
“Doubling Final Consonants”

I have mentioned words with accented last syllables, but what about words where the accent falls on the first syllable? The word "open" contains two syllables and the last consonant is preceded by a single vowel, (open), but the accent falls on the first syllable (OPen), not the last syllable, so we don't double the "n" before adding an ending: opening, opened.

doubling final consonants5
“Doubling Final Consonants”

This exception also applies to words when the final consonant is preceded by either another consonant or two vowels: or relented, relenting, or dealer and dealing, also despairing, despaired.

doubling final consonants6
“Doubling Final Consonants”
  • A) begining B) beginning
  • A) disappeared B) disappearred
  • A) runing B) running
  • A) bigest B) biggest
  • A) debtor B) debttor
doubling final consonants7
“Doubling Final Consonants”

6. A) finaly B) finally

7. A) hoter B) hotter

8. A) bagage B) baggage

9. A) boating B) boatting

10. A) disappeared B) disappearred

doubling final consonants8
“Doubling Final Consonants”

The Exception: This rule does not apply to verbs that end with "x," "w," "v," and "y," because these are consonants that cannot be doubled: box becomes boxing, snow becomes snowing.

doubling final consonants9
“Doubling Final Consonants”
  • Homework

Write “double consonant” rule 15 times.

“Double the last letter IF it is accented and is one consonant after one vowel.”

adding prefixes
“Adding Prefixes”

After all of that, the simplest rule involves the addition of prefixes because adding a prefix to a word does not change its spelling. Oddly enough, the most often misspelled word is...misspell! When adding a prefix you merely attach it to the word regardless of duplication of consonant, syllabication, or accents: unnecessary, dissatisfied, disinterested, misinform.

adding prefixes1
“Adding Prefixes”
  • A) afterhours B) afterrhours
  • A) bicycle B) biccycle
  • A) centimeter B) centimmeter
  • A) dissaappear B) disappear
  • A) irreesponsible B) irresponsible
adding prefixes2
“Adding Prefixes”
  • Homework

Write “prefix” rule 20 times.

Don’t change the spelling of a word when you add a prefix.