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Challenges to Christian Community Development (CCD) in the Philippines. By Robert Munson. This presentation briefly summarizes a paper written based on interviews with church and mission leaders in the Philippines in 2007, supported additionally by literary sources.
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(Church should only do “sacred things”)
Evangelical churches tend to focus on individual change. They tend to ignore other social units.
The community is either considered unimportant, or evil.
Many evangelical churches assume that Jesus will return very soon. Because of this they tend to do short-term ministries.
Now, if Jesus was returning next week, we probably should be doing mass crusades.
However, if Jesus is returning in 200 years, we should be creating communities conformed to God’s kingdom that conforms people to Christ for generations.
Churches focus on doing relief, not development.
Tied to poor theology and to lack of resources.
“Community Development work in the Philippines is done by GOs and NGOs. Churches and aid organizations are mostly relief-oriented. Seldom can you find them doing ‘real’ community development work… One challenge is to instill in the people ownership of the program and to do something to improve their lives since most people, especially in poor communities, are relief-oriented and the church, or most church-initiated projects, are doing just that.”
Most community development is either:
“When we talk to the students or go to the churches and talk about doing community development, they want to see where this has been done before. I don’t have an answer for them. Therefore, we have to be the example.”
Community development needs to create interdependency within a community.
Utang na Loob works against this.
“Bahala na works against Individual and social progress, … It harnesses one’s behavior to a submissiveness that eats up one’s sense of responsibility and personal independence. It provides one with a false sense of self-confidence to proceed with an unsound action in the belief that somehow one will manage to get by.”
-Tomas D. Andres (quoted by Tereso Casino)
Glenn Schwarz has pointed out that if rich countries simply giving money to poor communities worked, “then Haiti should be a shining example of development in our world.”
Dependency looks a lot like development, yet is the opposite.
Is economic development always a good thing?
Can money, businesses, and materials lead to community breakdown?
Is CCD a waste of time?