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Exploring the Information Society - Innovations, Issues and Impacts. Steve Wheeler Faculty of Education. Information E x p l o s i o n. Education and Learning. To Support the Industrial Revolution, factories were transformed into machines and workers into parts of those machines

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exploring the information society innovations issues and impacts

Exploring the Information Society- Innovations, Issues and Impacts

SteveWheeler

Faculty of Education

slide2

Information

E x p l o s i o n

education and learning
Education and Learning
  • To Support the Industrial Revolution, factories were transformed into machines and workers into parts of those machines
  • Schools followed exactly the same model of machine perfection
  • They became assembly lines mass-producing human power to fuel the Industrial Society
the knowledge economy
The Knowledge Economy

Industrial Economy

Status Quo

Labour vs

Management

Cost

Local/National

One size fits all

Just in case

Isolated

Four year Degree

the knowledge economy1
The Knowledge Economy

Industrial Economy

Knowledge Economy

Status Quo

Dynamic

Labour vs

Management

Collaboration

Cost

Return on investment

Local/National

Global Network

One size fits all

Tailored

Just in case

Just in time

Isolated

Virtual Communities

Four year Degree

Lifelong Learning

information and communication technologies
Information and Communication Technologies
  • Computers
  • Telecommunications
  • Internet and WWW
  • Software
  • Networks
  • Teaching and Learning!!!
technology supported learning
Technology Supported Learning
  • Any Time Any Place
  • Student Centred
  • Resource Rich
  • Personalised
  • Teacher as a Resource
student centred learning
Student Centred Learning
  • Flexible learning:
    • at own pace
    • variable timescale
    • location independent
    • variable workspace
  • Teacher as a resource
  • Personal technologies
  • Variety of learning modes
  • Learning preferences catered for
to reach 50 million users
To reach 50 million users...
  • Radio - 38 Years
  • Television - 17 Years
  • Cable – 14 Years
  • Internet - 4 Years
internet use
Internet Use
  • 300 Million+ users worldwide (Sept 2004)
  • 1 Billion Web pages (87% in English)
  • 72 million new users each year (140 new users each second)
  • Internet connections double in number every 90 days
computer use
Computer Use
  • Most new jobs will occur in computer related fields
  • 80% of these will not exist yet
  • By 2008 50% of workers will be employed in industries that produce ICT or will be dependent upon it
c4s convergence
C4S Convergence
  • Computers, Communication, Consumer Electronics, Content, Services
  • By 2008 the average adult will consume:
    • 2700 Calories of food
    • 3 Litres of fluid
    • 30 GB of digital information
  • 2008 Bandwidth exceeds computing power
  • Unlimited bandwidth: 6.4 Terabits (102) over a single sub fibre ( = all the TV programmes globally, plus all voice communication)
adoption of innovations
Adoption of Innovations

Early Majority

Late Majority

Early Adopters

Laggards

Innovators

2.5% 13.5% 34% 34% 16%

Source: Rogers, E. (1983) Diffusion of Innovations

adoption of technology
Adoption of Technology

Techno-Realists

Techno-Sceptics

Technophiles

Techno-Luddites

Techno-Romantics

Wheeler (2003) Adapted from Rogers (1983)

slide16

Disruptive Technologies

The ‘Killer Application’

A Technology that ‘disrupts’ our way of life or changes it beyond recognition in some way

Examples?

moore s law
Moore’s Law

Source: Downes & Mui (2000)

Unleashing the Killer App. p 22

Transistors

per chip

1 000 000 000

100 000 000

10 000 000

1 000 000

100 000

10 000

1000

1286

The complexity of an integrated circuit, with respect to the minimum component

cost, will double every 18 months.

886

Pentium

i486

i386

i286

1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020

metcalf s law
Metcalf’s Law

Utility

Generally, as more

users buy into a new

product, so the costs

of manufacturing

decrease, and prices

fall, in turn encouraging

more buyers.

Utility = Users2

Source: Downes & Mui (2000)

Unleashing the Killer App. p 25

Users

birth of a network

Internet host

computers

(Millions)

Birth of aNetwork

25

20

15

10

5

Nov1997

“Computer hardware,

software and networks

had been building up their

user bases for decades,

using closed standards…

The Internet on the other

hand, has always been

based on public, open

standards”.

July 1997

Sep 1996

Apr 1996

Jan 1995

Source: Downes & Mui (2000)

Unleashing the Killer App. p 27

July 1989

(130,000 )

Timeline

current research areas in ict
Current Research Areas in ICT
  • Transactional distance theory
  • Cognitive load theory
  • Benefits analysis
  • ‘Telepresence’ and distributed social interaction
  • Student motivation
  • Individual differences in learning
  • On-line moderation
  • Creativity
the future
The Future...
  • Integrated technology
  • Mobile personal technologies
  • Tele-collaboration
  • Digital books / paper
  • Wearable computers
  • Tele-immersion
  • ? Any-time any-place learning
university of plymouth faculty of education

University of PlymouthFaculty of Education

Steve Wheeler

Senior Lecturer in ICT & Education

steve.wheeler@plymouth.ac.uk

www2.plymouth.ac.uk/distancelearning/