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Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys

Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys

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Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys

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  1. Summary Slide Presentation Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  2. Introduction HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance (TDR) could reverse the gains of antiretroviral rollout. To ensure that current 1st line therapies remain effective, TDR levels in recently infected treatment-naive patients need to be monitored. Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  3. Methods A literature review and data mining exercise was carried out to determine the temporal trends in TDR in South Africa. In total 1,650 sequences were analyzed. Publicly available data on TDR were retrieved from Genbank, curated in RegaDB and analyzed using the Calibrated Population Resistance Program. Including, 72 sequences from seroconvertors identified from Africa Centre's 2010 HIV surveillance round were also examined for TDR. Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  4. Table 1: Data from Nine Published Studies on Primary Drug Resistance Using Inhouse Genotyping Methods on Plasma Samples Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  5. SATuRN - Surveillance of transmitted resistance Data Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  6. Figure 2 : Trend in the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance between 2000 and 2010 Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  7. Figure 3 : HIV-1 drug resistance mutations identified in the 1,650 sequences used in the pooled analysis Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  8. Extra Figure: Trend in HIV-1 Transmitted Drug Resistance Levels Over Time. Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  9. Conclusion The prevalence of TDR in rural KZN is still very low, similar to reports from other provinces of South Africa. Although widespread resistance testing in South Africa is not recommended at the present time, pretreatment genotypic testing has been shown to significantly improve the outcome of first-line drug regimens in resource-rich countries. In Southern Africa as ART access and treatment programs grow, it is critical to maintain surveillance among recent seroconverters and treatment-naive and treated populations. Programs covering well-defined geographic areas and populations minimize the biases inherent in TDR surveillance and provide guidance in implementing risk reduction and secondary prevention to maintain the effectiveness of first-line treatment. Reference: Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012).

  10. Open Access Article Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, de Oliveira T. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses,28(6):558-565 (2012). http://www.bioafrica.net/publications.php?pubid=41 • Corresponding Author: Dr. Tulio de Oliveira • Email: tdeoliveira@africacentre.ac.za