Athens. Democracy & City Development. Test Information. A’s = 67 B’s = 179 C’s = 80 D’s = 13 E’s = 4 Average grade = 83. What’s New In Classics. 25 th Annual Greek Dance When: Friday, Oct. 1, 7:30 to Midnight Where: Gainesville Women’s Club What: Greek Food, Dancing and Music
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Athens Democracy & City Development
Test Information • A’s = 67 • B’s = 179 • C’s = 80 • D’s = 13 • E’s = 4 • Average grade = 83
What’s New In Classics • 25th Annual Greek Dance • When: Friday, Oct. 1, 7:30 to Midnight • Where: Gainesville Women’s Club • What: Greek Food, Dancing and Music • Please see me or Jon after class for more information
What did the city look like? • THE ACROPOLIS
Polis = Athens Territory = Attica Aristocratic control Debt-slavery I understand the crisis and it fills my heart with pain to see the decline” You who have gained wealth in excess, calm your desire and temper ambition . . .” How a hero used poetry . . .
Draco’s written code Injustice & Tyranny Noble but poor “It causes no shame that I saved my country and refused to blemish my honor by embracing tyranny and force; I am set apart from all others by this.” Solon the Athenian, 6th C BC
Who was Draco? • Family vs. State • Fixed justice system
Father of democracy? Debt slavery Hectemorage New Reforms
Citizens Slaves Metics Xenos Who lived in Athens?
Palaistra Music Paidotribes Education
Solon leaves Athens Peisistratus seized control Rise of Cleisthenes Peisistratus
Athens is a democracy But also an aristocracy Stable government for next two centuries 5th Century BC
Who Ruled Athens? • Archons • Polemarch • Thesmothetai • Assembly
Nobles Income-Based Non-Eupatrids “If one may criticize the people in public, they never would have seen the things I gave them, even in dreams. Men of superior status and power should praise me and call me a friend . . .” The Eupatrids
Democracy Agriculture Ships Laws What does it mean to be a Greek?
How did the Greeks unite against a common enemy (Persia)? Would the ancient Athenians have elected Arnold? Coming Next Week . . .