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Pakistan Conference on Sanitation (PACOSAN). Presentation By. Baber Hussain Minhas LGRDD GoAJK. AJK Profile . Total Area: 13297 Sq. Km Total Population: 3.6 million Division: 03 Sub Division:/Tehsils 24 Districts: 08 Union Council: 183 Total Villages: 1646

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Presentation Transcript

Pakistan Conference on Sanitation (PACOSAN)

Presentation By

Baber Hussain Minhas LGRDD GoAJK

ajk profile
AJK Profile

Total Area: 13297 Sq. Km

Total Population: 3.6 million

Division: 03

Sub Division:/Tehsils 24

Districts: 08

Union Council: 183

Total Villages: 1646

Literacy Rate: 64%



  • Overall 57% population has access to improved drinking water sources.
      • 80% in urban areas, and
      • 57% in rural areas
    • Over all 62% population of AJK is living in household using improved sanitation facilities.
      • 94% in urban areas and
      • 58% in rural areas

The goal of the AJK Sanitation Policy is to ensure that the entire population of AJK has access to a safe and sanitary environment. A “Happy, Healthy and Hygienic Environment for all’ can only be assured if the indiscriminate and unhygienic disposal of excreta, solid waste and wastewater is completely eradicated.

iys achievements
IYS Achievements
  • GoAJk through a comprehensive consultative process approved the AJK Sanitation Policy/ Strategy.
  • Organized and Celebrated Sanitation Day, World Water day, World Environment day, Global Hand washing day, World Health Day, AJK Sanitation week and Mother & Child week (sensitized 350 individuals).
  • GoAJK participated in SACOSAN-III held in New Delhi.
  • Awareness raising campaign through newspapers and massive involvement of school childrens.
  • Organized 08 walks on” Water Environment and Sanitation” issues in each district (Mobilize more than 1000 individuals).
  • Mobilized political commitment through the involvement of Ministers, MLAs and other govt. functionaries.
  • 8 district Public Consultation workshops participated 400 stakeholders of all walk of life involved all development partners like Unicef, WB, UNDP, WHO, NGOs and Civil Society.
  • 4200 community activist(50% were women) have been mobilized, motivated and trained on Sanitation.
update on ajk sanitation strategy
Update on AJK Sanitation Strategy

Following rigorous consultation in all districts of AJK involving a wide spectrum of stakeholders including:

  • Electric & print media representatives, political leadership, educationist, environmentalist engineers, public sector agencies officials such as local government, public health, education, health, EPA, P&D, international development partners, national, international NGOs, CBOs and Civil society representatives.
  • AJK Sanitation policy was formulated with the stockholders consultation. Subsequently govt. approved the AJK Sanitation policy.
institutional arrangements
Institutional Arrangements

Public Sector:

  • LGRDD and PHED are two major Govt. functionaries who are responsible for Sanitation Services.

Private Sector:

  • Local & International NGOs.
  • Community based organizations (CBOs)

Existing Institutional Set up

  • Total Districts: 08
    • Division 03
    • Subdivision 24
    • Rural Development Markaz 31
    • Union councils 183
    • Urban Institutions
  • Municipal Corporation 02
  • Municipal Committees 10
  • Town Committees 14
  • District Councils 08
  • Wards 213

Key Features of AJK Sanitation Policy

  • Total Sanitation Approach
  • Outcome focused strategy
  • People's Sanitation Movement
  • Collective perception driving individuals behavior.
  • Discourage Subsidy

AJK Sanitation Policy Target Areas

  • Primary Targets
  • Politicians: Political decision makers will be a key part of making this policy a successful, and in accelerating progress in achieving the MDG target for sanitation.
  • Aid Administrators: Communications will target aid administrators and other senior officials who formulate
  • policies and generate funding.

Secondary Target

  • Electronic and print Media (Specialized Journalist)
  • General public
  • School children
  • Corporate decision makers
  • Academics
  • Religious leaders (Imam Mosques)
  • Celebrities

AJK PSDP Allocation for Water and Sanitation Sectors

Budget allocated in 2007-08 for water and sanitation

i- LGRDD + LGB 40 Million (24 + 16 million respectively)

ii- PHED 117 Million

Budget allocated in 2008-09

i- LGRDD + LGB 41 Million (24 + 17 million respectively)

ii- PHED 177 Million

This is only PSDP allocation, donors and NGOs assisted Projects are not inclusive in this allocation


AJK Government Interventions for Sanitation Improvement

  • Policy Making:
  • GoAJK approved the State Sanitation Policy
  • ii. Project Interventions:
    • Rural water supply & sanitation project (IDA funded)
    • WES Project (UNICEF funded)
    • Community Infrastructure & Services Program (WB Assisted)
    • Emergency WES (UNICEF Funded)
    • WATSAN Projects (GoP/ERRA Funded)
    • PSDP Funded Project
    • WAQIF Project (Unicef and ERRA Funded)
    • SLTS/CLTS project of different NGOs in earthquake affected areas
    • PSDP Project of PHED
budgetary outlays
Budgetary Outlays
  • The State government will mobilize the following funds through own sources or with the help of federal Govt and donors.
The State government shall make available performance grant funding based on the number of Union council/Ward that are certified to have achieved the sanitary outcomes. Based on an optimistic sanitary outcome projection for a total of 395 entities (wards +unions councils), an amount of Rs. 227.6 million would be required to deliver the stated strategy objectives over a ten year


major challenges on sanitation
Major Challenges on Sanitation
  • Institutional home of sanitation not clearly defined. Clarification of roles and responsibilities required.
  • Lack of political leadership commitment
  • Inadequate coordination among various Govt., ministries, department, development partners, NGOs, Private and civil Society organizations.
  • Insufficient resources allocations for this sector.
  • Lack of public-private partnership initiatives.
  • HR capacity constraints, inadequate allocated resources.
  • Supply driven approaches lead to the inappropriate/ uncomfortable options.
  • Urban/ Rural and rich/poor disparities
  • Lack of Monitoring date, unclear definition, limited collections, storing and disseminating.