Urban poverty and deprivation
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Urban Poverty And Deprivation. IB SL. Quality Of Life. There is a considerable variation of QOL in almost every city. QOL can be linked to equality, opportunity, and social justice. In all countries there are areas of deprivation, poverty, and exclusion.

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Urban poverty and deprivation

Urban Poverty And Deprivation

IB SL


Quality of life
Quality Of Life

  • There is a considerable variation of QOL in almost every city.

  • QOL can be linked to equality, opportunity, and social justice.

  • In all countries there are areas of deprivation, poverty, and exclusion.

  • In MEDC’s these areas are usually found within the inner-city areas or ghettos.

  • In LEDC’s these areas are usually located within shanty towns.


Measuring deprivation
Measuring Deprivation

  • Physical: Quality of housing, Pollution levels, Crime, Vandalism, Graffiti.

  • Social Indicators: Crime (reported/fear of), Levels of health and access to healthcare, Standards of education, Proportion of population on subsidised benefits, Proportion of single parent families.

  • Economic Indices: Access to employment, unemployment, underemployment, Levels of income.

  • Political Measures: Opportunities to vote and take part in community organisation.


Slums and squatter settlements
Slums And Squatter Settlements

  • In 2001, 924 million people lived in slums.

  • This is 32% of the world’s total urban population, but 78.2% of the urban population in LEDC’s.

  • Slums are usually located in places that planners don’t want.

  • These places are usually on steep slopes, Flood plains, Edge-of-towns, Close to industrial complexes.


Negative side of slums
Negative Side Of Slums

  • Insecurity of tenure.

  • Lack of basic services (water and sanitation).

  • Inadequate/unsafe building structures.

  • Overcrowding.

  • Location on hazardous land.

  • High concentrations of poverty/social and economic deprivation.

  • Slum dwellers also have limited access to credit, and formal job markets.


Positive side of slums
Positive Side Of Slums

  • The first stopping point for immigrants as these places are affordable.

  • It is a place of residence for low-income people that keep cities moving in different ways.

  • Informal sector jobs allow these people to survive and operate within the city.


Activity 1
Activity 1

  • How could you spot deprivation in an area?

  • What could be the reasons behind deprived areas being in the centre in MEDC’s and on the outskirts in LEDC’s?

  • Copy and complete the following...


Activity 2
Activity 2

UsingEssential AS Geography P284-286, answerthefollowing…

  • Describe themainfeatures of theurbanstructure of Los Angeles.

  • What has happenedtothegrowth of thepopulation of the Los Angelesregionsince 1900? Suggestreasonsforyouranswer.

  • Whateffectswouldthispattern of populationgrowthhaveonland use in theregion?


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