E-Government: Opportunities and Challenges in India. Subhash Bhatnagar Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (email@example.com) and Consultant, PREM Public Sector, World Bank firstname.lastname@example.org. Presentation Structure.
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Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
Consultant, PREM Public Sector, World Bank
E-Government is about a process of reform in the way Governments work, share information and deliver services to external and internal clients for the benefit of both government and the citizens and businesses that they serve.
E-Government harnesses information technologies such as Wide Area Networks (WAN), Internet , World Wide Web, and mobile computing by government agencies to reach out to citizens, business, and other arms of the government to: Improve delivery of services to citizensImprove interface with business and industryEmpower citizens through access to knowledge and information andMake the working of the government more efficient and effectiveThe resulting benefits could be more transparency, greater convenience, less corruption, revenue growth, and cost reduction
Applications that draw a large cliental that pays for the service, ensuring economic viability of the kiosk
NGOs and grass root organizations that catalyze and mange the community building process
Bridging the Digital Divide
Content that empowers rural citizens and enables formation of communities
Rules and procedure governing services; public officials responsible for different tasks; citizen’s charter; Enhancing citizen’s exposure
Standardizes procedures for delivery of service. Reduces arbitrariness, e.g. demand for additional documents
Information about decisions and actions of government functionaries: outcome and process e.g. award of contracts and license, allocation of resources.
Exposure of corruption and improved accountability
Data about individual entities in Government records such as land records, comments on application for license, bill of entry for goods, status of tax payments.
Exposure of manipulation for exchange of bribe and corruption
Information on performance of economy: Statistical employment, income, trade etc.
Performance indicator for Government departments
Civic engagement in governance
Names of citizens with large outstanding loans, taxes; civil servants under investigation or convicted, index of corruption, performance of investigating agencies.
A kind of punishment for the corrupt through public exposure
Disclosure of assets, income, profile of election candidates, elected representatives, ministers and civil servants
Creates disincentive for corruption by creating fear of exposure