THE GILDED AGE and WESTWARD EXPANSION. EOC Blitz. Westward Expansion. Transcontinental Railroad -finished 1869 Employed thousands of I mmigrants to lay track Made travel to the west m uch easier Destroyed N ative Americans way of life. Westward Expansion Homestead Act of 1862.
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Employed thousands of
Immigrants to lay track
Made travel to the west
Destroyed Native Americans way of life
A homesteader had to be the head of a householdor at least 21 years of age to claim a 160 acre parcel of land. Settlers from all walks of life including newly arrived immigrants, farmers without land from the East, single women and former slaves came to meet the challenge of "proving up" and keeping this "free land".
Each homesteader had to live on the land, build a home, make improvements and farm for 5 years before they were eligible to "prove up” - keep the land. A total filing fee of $18 was the only money required, but sacrifice and hard work exacted a different price from the hopeful settlers.
Klondike Gold Rush-
A Seattle newspaper headline touched off the frenzy in 1897. It read "Gold, Gold, Gold - A Ton of Gold.“ Around 30,000 of the 100,000 or so prospectors that set out for the Klondike actually made it there. Many gave up due to the difficulties of the journey and returned home; some were not able to survive the extreme temperatures and died. Those that made it to the Klondike still had their work cut out for them, as the gold was not easy to find or extract. Many found the best places had already been staked out. Only 4,000 got rich! Boom towns sprang up everywhere. Soon gold was discovered in Nome and the unsuccessful headed there.
“Dog-eat-dog” Social Darwinism made political bosses possible.
Bosses traded favors for votes. Actually helped
many poor and immigrants, but used illegal and
Hayes: set up a commission to investigate corrupt customs houses and fired some officials.
Garfield: Gave political jobs to reformers against the spoils system-was assassinated.( spoils system allowed appointment of friends, family)
Arthur: Pendleton Civil Service Act- Civil Service Commission gave federal jobs based on merit. Had to take Civil Service Exam.
Effects both good and bad:
1. More people without power or big money could get federal jobs.
2. Because officials could no longer pressure employees for campaign contributions, they turned to other sources, such as Big Business for donations. This meant Big Business had influence over their candidates.
Bessemer Steel Process-steel for railroads, farm machines, bridges, skyscrapers, automobiles.
Alexander Graham Bell-telephone-communications improved.
Thomas Edison-light bulb-lights in every home and office.
Christopher Sholes-Typewriter-efficient office work.
The Second Industrial Revolution occurred between 1870-1910 when new industries employed hundreds of thousands to produce items needed for America's growing industries and goods desired by American consumers.
Industrial cities grew rapidly, especially in the northeast along the Great Lake region. By the end of this Revolution, the U.S. had become a mature industrial society in which two-thirds of Americans worked for wages in city jobs.
Which of these was a major goal of Jane Addams’s Settlement House movement in Chicago?
During the nineteenth century, one way political bosses gained voter support was by —
This cover from a nineteenth-century periodical helps illustrate that the United States was
beginning to change from —
A a mostly rural society to a mostly urban one
B a slave-owning society to one without slavery
C a foreign policy of isolationism to one of interventionism
D a direct democracy to a representative one
During the Gilded Age there was a notable increase in federal support for —