The Scientific Revolution. c.1550. What is the Scientific Revolution?. In European history the term 'Scientific Revolution' refers to the period between Copernicus(1473-1543), and Newton (1642-1727)
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- His theory was rejected by most experts.
- Dutch astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601)
provided evidence through an astronomical observatory that supported Copernicus’ theory.
- Brahe’s German assistant Johannes Kepler used Brahe’s data to confirm Copernicus’s theory of a heliocentric universe.
- improvement of the telescope
- Astronomy: observed the earth’s moon, four moons of Jupiter & the phases of Venus.
- Earth was one of many planets revolving around the sun – part of a larger Solar System.
- Strong supporter of Copernican theory.
1. Andreas Vesalius – (1514-1564, Belgian) On the Structure of the Human Body (1543)
- Continued and refined da Vinci’s work on the human anatomy.
2. Ambroise Pare – (1517 - 1590)
- Introduced the use of artificial limbs in the 1540’s.
3. William Harvey – (1578-1657, English)
- Published work explaining the circulation of blood.
4. Anton Leeuwenhoek – (1632-1723)
- Perfected the microscope and was the first human to see cells and microorganisms.
- By arranging all of the 63 elements then known by their atomic weights, he managed to organize them into groups possessing similar properties.
- Where a gap existed in the table, he predicted a new element would one day be found and deduced
- changed the size of populations
- changed the use of raw materials
- changed methods of production, transport, business, war.
3. Science has changed the ideas of religion, God and man.