Counselling Psychology. Development of Person Centred Counselling. Existentialism, Humanism and Gestalt Psychology. Development of Person Centred Counselling. Carl Rogers. Jean-Paul Sartre. Fritz Perls. Humanism. Man seen as being-in-the-process-of-becoming.
Existentialism, Humanism and Gestalt Psychology
Humanism is, in sum, a philosophy for those in love with life. Humanists take responsibility for their own lives
and relish the adventure of being part of new discoveries, seeking new knowledge, exploring new options. Instead
of finding solace in prefabricated answers to the great questions of life, Humanists enjoy the open-endedness of a
quest and the freedom of discovery that this entails.
Philosophical movement emphasising individual existence, freedom, and choice
“The price of denying death is undefined anxiety, self-alienation”
It relies a lot on the therapist (power…?)
People come to therapy with the self-serving illusion
that they are inwardly enslaved and that someone else
(the therapist) can free them:-
“The purpose of psychotherapy is not to ‘cure’ the
clients but to help them become aware of what they are
doing and to get them out of the ‘victim role’
Each man must die his own death
You cannot die for anyone else...you will have to die your own, unique, death.
But probably we do not fully realise what it means to 'be' something that will one day cease to 'be'. To understand what it means to 'be', perhaps we have to fully understand what it means 'not to be'.
If we must die our own death, does it follow that we all 'live our own lives'?
To be authentic, to have an authentic existence, we must have an explicit awareness of what it means to 'be', a human being, in the world.... and also what it means not to be. But perhaps we cannot ever fully experience death - "If death is there, you aren't, if you are there, death isn't" - and therefore can never fully experience life.
From Galvin, Commentary on ‘Being and Time’