The Civil War Beginning 1861-1863 By: Christy Shannon Moore
A Battle By Two Names?? • Union-landmark • Confederates-city • Ex. The Battle of Shiloh or The Battle of Pittsburgh Landing
Theaters of War • An area of the war where the majority of the battles take place. (land, sea, air) War Between the States Theaters • Western Theater • Eastern Theater • Trans-Mississippi
Western Theater Battles east of the Mississippi and west of the Appalachian Mountains. This includes __________________. Tennessee
Eastern Theater Battles were from the Appalachian Mountains to the ______________ Ocean Atlantic
The Trans-Mississippi Theater Pacific • Battles took place west of the Mississippi River to the _______________ Ocean.
April 12-13, 1861-The Battle of Ft. Sumter 1863 1861 1862 July 21, 1861-The Battle of Bull Run
Bull Run or Manassas • July 21, 1861-the first MAJOR battle • Manassas, VA (40 Miles from D.C.) Bull Run=Creek We’ll beat those Rebs in one day! One of us can lick three Yankees!
Oh, deary…let’s ride up to Manassas and see the beginning and end of this rebellion.
Rickett’s Report –Primary Source Reading this excerpt, what can you infer about how this war was different than the Mexican War? “We (North)ascended the hill near the Henry House, which was at that time filled with sharpshooters(South). I had scarcely got into battery before I saw some of my horses fall and some of my men wounded by sharpshooters. I turned my guns on the house and literally riddled it. It has been said that there was a woman killed there by our guns.”
Henry House By looking at these pictures what effect might this war have on the South?
“There stands Jackson standing like a stone wall! Let us prepare to die here!”
The war began and ended with the McLean’s!! Manassas, VA Appomattox Courthouse, VA I want as far away from the Civil War as I can get!!! Not AGAIN!!!!
Bull Run-July 21st, 1861 Manassas, VA 1st Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Bull Run Creek
General Scott and General McDowell were fired. General George B. McClellan was put in charge. He trained the men to be lean mean fighting machines. Training
Illustration of the H.L. Hunley submarine with its bow-mounted spar torpedo.
The Hunley – The world’s first submarine, designed and used in the Civil War by the Confederacy.
The Battle of the Ironclads,March, 1862 The Monitor vs.the Merrimac
April 12-13, 1861-The Battle of Ft. Sumter Feb.6-16, 1861-The Battles of Fort Henry and Donelson 1863 1861 1862 July 21, 1861-The Battle of Bull Run
Fort Henry and Donelson General Grant-USA- “Gets his nickname Unconditional Surrender Grant” here • Feb. 6th, 1862-Fort Henry • Feb. 11-16, 1862-Fort Donelson • Both important forts on the __________ and the _______________River. • Both were loses for the Confederates. • They were both in the _________ Theater. Tennessee Cumberland Western
Teach your neighbor about the ironclads and the Battles of Forts Henry and Fort Donelson
April 12-13, 1861-The Battle of Ft. Sumter Feb.6-16, 1862-The Battles of Fort Henry and Donelson 1863 1861 1862 April 6-7, 1862-The Battle of Shiloh July 21, 1861-The Battle of Bull Run
Shiloh Church “Place of Peace” Pittsburg Landing, TN April 6-7, 1862
April 6th, 1862-The Battle of Shiloh-Surprise Attack-Sunday Morning • Confederate: • 40,000 • Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston • Hornet’s Nest (6 hrs.) • Gen. PGT Beauregard • Union: • 40,000 • Gen. Ulysses S. Grant • Gen. William T. Sherman • At night fall, all fighting stopped.
Dear Jefferson Davis, Today was a complete and total victory at Pittsburgh Landing. Tomorrow, we will send ole’ Grant back across the Tennessee River. Yours forever, Gen. PTG Beauregard
The Battle of Shiloh/Pittsburgh Landing "Well, Grant, we've had the devil's own day, haven't we?” "Yes. Lick 'em tomorrow, though."
Gen. Don Carlos Buell, USA I’m Here to Save the Day!! • Arrived late April 6th, 1862 with about 30,000 troops. • The next day, the Confederates were surprised to see the extra men. • The Confederates were not successful in pushing the Union back across the Tennessee River.
The Battle of Shiloh • 13,047-Union Causalities • 10,699 Confederate Causalities • Total-23,746-This was more causalities than all of the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the Mexican War.
Shiloh-Place of April 6-7, 1862 Pittsburg Landing, TN TN River Day 1 40,000 v.s. 40,000 Day 2 Union Reinforcements
Teach your neighbor about the Battle of Shiloh.
We are winning this war! One more big win, and Europe will see us as an independent country and help us! On to Maryland!! Then Washington DC
McClellan Lincoln Custer
“But What???” Oh, I have an idea! We are losing this war! Something must be done! “We need more troops, but how are we going to get them?”
But.. I need to wait for a BIG Union victory or the public will think it is a last ditch effort to win the war. We need more troops, so I will free the slaves in the South in hopes they will fight for US!!!
Lee knew McClellan was overly cautious, so he sent AP Hill’s division to Harper’s Ferry, VA to take over the Federal garrison. He wrote all these plans down in Special Order #191 and wrapped them in 3 cigars.
Gen. Chilton, Please take these secret battle plans disguised as cigars to Gen. Daniel Hill. Don’t worry, you can count on me.
What is this? Now where did those cigars go?
I had better send a telegram to Pres. Lincoln. Gen. George B. McClellan Dear Lincoln, I Have All The Plans Of The Rebels. Love Always, Gen. McCellan
I’m gonna make 2 BIG mistakes!! Gen. George B. McClellan
Well…I’m not sure what I should do. Let me think on it for 18 hours! Mistake 1 Gen. George B. McClellan
April 12-13, 1861-The Battle of Ft. Sumter Feb.6-16, 1861-The Battles of Fort Henry and Donelson Sept. 17, 1862-The Battle of Antietam 1863 1861 1862 April 6-7, 1862-The Battle of Shiloh July 21, 1861-The Battle of Bull Run
Antietam-Sharpsburg, MD-Sept. 17, 1862 • 90,000 Union to • 45,000 Confederate
BLOODIEST DAY THE FIGHTING