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TEACHER EDUCATION POLICIES: A HOBBY FOR ACADEMICS?. OTMAR GASSNER ENTEP. What is ENTEP?. European Commission. European Member States. ENTEP. Reference group Sounding board. Advisory group. High-level discussion group. Crucial issue in European Teacher Education Policies.

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TEACHER EDUCATION POLICIES: A HOBBY FOR ACADEMICS?

OTMAR GASSNER

ENTEP


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What is ENTEP?

European

Commission

European

Member

States

ENTEP

Reference group

Sounding board

Advisory

group

High-level

discussion group


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Crucial issue in European Teacher Education Policies

“Progress in improving school education is slow; there is a perceived shortage of skills amongst teachers; this is currently difficult to remedy because there is a lack of coherence and continuity between different, often separate, elements of teachers’ education; and in any case, the amount of in-service training available to practising teachers is very limited.”

(Impact Assessment of the Communication Improving the Quality of Teacher Education, 2007,4)


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Decision-makers across Europe know

  • Connection between learning outcomes and the quality of teaching

  • Changing role of teachers

  • High demand for new skills and competences

    • redesigning the national systems of teacher education

    • systematically interlinking IT, induction, and CPD

    • making CPD attractive


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2006 Interim Report

“Most Governments seem to recognise that the necessary reforms cannot be accomplished within current levels and patterns of investment.”

(JIR 2006, 6)


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Lärarlyftet

“The Government has set aside SEK 2.9 billion [€ 312.000.000] for the period 2007-2010 to allow teachers to receive 80 per cent of their current pay while studying. […] Nearly a quarter of all teachers will receive further education over the next few years. Some 30 000 fully qualified teachers will be offered a chance to study at a higher education institution.” (2007)


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CRITICAL ISSUE

GOOD POLICY RESULTING IN

LITTLE ACTION


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Common European Principles

“Teachers’ work […] should be embedded in a professional continuum of lifelong learning which includes initial teacher education, induction and continuing professional development, as they cannot be expected to possess all the necessary competences on completing their initial teacher education.”

2005, p.4


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OECD: Teachers Matter

“The stages of initial teacher education, induction and professional development need to be much better interconnected to create a more coherent learning and development system for teachers. A statement of teacher competencies and performance standards at different stages of their career will provide a framework for the teacher development continuum. As part of this there needs to be a clear set of expectations about teachers’ own responsibilities for their on-going development, and a structure of support to facilitate their growth.”

November 2004, p. 11


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Example 1: Induction

  • At policy level, there is widespread agreement

  • Pratice differs

16 countries

in Europe

have

no induction phase

Good practice:

England


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“The induction period combines an individualised programme of support, which provides opportunities for NQTs [newly qualified teachers] to further develop their knowledge, skills and achievements in relation to the standards for the award of QTS, with an assessment of their performance. It takes account of the NQT’s strengths and areas for development as set out in the Career Entry and Development Profile which each NQT brings from initial teacher training to their first teaching post. Such profiles summarise information about the new teacher’s strengths and about priorities for their further professional development.” (TDA)


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The present weakness in European education is not policy, of support, which provides opportunities for NQTs [newly qualified teachers] to further develop their knowledge, skills and achievements in relation to the standards for the award of QTS, with an assessment of their performance. It takes account of the NQT’s strengths and areas for development as set out in the Career Entry and Development Profile which each NQT brings from initial teacher training to their first teaching post. Such profiles summarise information about the new teacher’s strengths and about priorities for their further professional development.”

but its implementation, which is a national affair.


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Measures to increase quality of support, which provides opportunities for NQTs [newly qualified teachers] to further develop their knowledge, skills and achievements in relation to the standards for the award of QTS, with an assessment of their performance. It takes account of the NQT’s strengths and areas for development as set out in the Career Entry and Development Profile which each NQT brings from initial teacher training to their first teaching post. Such profiles summarise information about the new teacher’s strengths and about priorities for their further professional development.”

  • selection into teaching

  • mandatory induction periods

  • teacher profiles

  • statements of job competences and performance standards.

    (Paulo Santiago, in: Gassner, 2005, 7)


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“For many countries funding remains a key challenge and an obstacle to implementing the modernisation agenda.”

JIR 10


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“Many – but by no means all – countries have now developed lifelong learning policy statements, for example strategy documents or national action plans.”

JIR, 7


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Example 2: developed lifelong learning policy statements, for example strategy documents or national action plans.”TheIT-CPD continuum

individual profiles of strengths and weaknesses at the entry point of a teaching career (England).

individual professional development plans, negotiated with and supervised by the school head, possibly in cooperation with the inspectorate where this exists. (ENTEP 2007, OECD)


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If there is agreement in theory, if this is seen as best practice, what stops us from implementing it?


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Example 3: Austria practice, what stops us from implementing it?

In-service

training

Initial

Teacher

Education

New

Universities

of Education

2007

Officially: Successful linking of IT and CPD

No policy measure in place


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The truth? practice, what stops us from implementing it?

The truth value of statistical data is critical.

ENTEP can offer a multi-national perspective.


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  • How much policy thinking do we need? practice, what stops us from implementing it?

  • Should this be a top-down process?

  • What is happening at the action/implementation stage?

  • There is work to do.

    Thank you


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