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Why study communication? How long has the field existed? How the field evolved over time? How research conducted?. How to define? What process and skills? What are “two levels” of meaning? What careers?. Lesson Objectives (Focus Questions). What Mike Does in a Day….

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lesson objectives focus questions
Why study communication?

How long has the field existed?

How the field evolved over time?

How research conducted?

How to define?

What process and skills?

What are “two levels” of meaning?

What careers?

Lesson Objectives (Focus Questions)

The Filed of Communication

what mike does in a day
What Mike Does in a Day…
  • E-Mail vs. Communication in Person
  • Individual vs. Team
  • Creating “Climate”
  • Planning Interviews
  • Date (Relationship)
  • Speech to a Group

The Filed of Communication

importance of communication
Importance of Communication
  • We talk, listen, think, ask, answer, share ideas… So much communication in a day.
  • Personal Life
    • Building Personal Identity
    • Promoting Health
  • Personal Relationships
    • Marriage
    • Family, Parent-child, Friends,…

The Filed of Communication

importance of communication 2
Importance of Communication (2)
  • Professional Life
    • Critical for Career Success (Talk & Listen)
      • Express Ideas, Giving & Gaining Support, Gaining Cooperation
  • Civic Life
    • For the the Health of Society
    • Required for Democracy
      • Expressing Ideas, Claiming, Presenting & Listen to Argument

The Filed of Communication

history of the field
History of the Field
  • Began more than 2500 yrs ago
  • Rhetoric and Democratic Life
    • Rhetoric born mid-400s B.C. on Isle of Syracuse
    • Ancient Philosophers-Plato, Aristotle & Isocrates:
      • Rhetoric as Central to Civic Life
      • Teaching Citizens: Analyze Listeners, Discover Ideas, Organize Messages, Develop Proof, and Deliver Speeches
      • Aristotle’s 3 Cornerstones of Persuasion: Ethos, Pathos, Logos
  • After WW I & II
    • Social Issues: Prejudice, Propaganda, Attitude & Belief Changes

The Filed of Communication

history of the field 2
History of the Field (2)
  • Liberal Education
    • Public speaking taught in colleges (Europe & U.S)
    • Dewey: Progressive thinking and citizen participation
  • After WW I & II
    • Social Issues: Prejudice, Propaganda, Attitude & Belief Changes

The Filed of Communication

history of the field 3
History of the Field (3)
  • Mid- 20th Century
    • Scientific, empirical research gaining prominence
    • Research & Professional Groups
  • 1960-70
    • Civil Rights, Women’s Movement, Interpersonal Communication
  • Michel Foucault (French)
    • Ideas about “Power”

The Filed of Communication

research in communication
Research in Communication
  • Quantitative Research
    • Descriptive Statistics, Survey, Experiment
  • Qualitative Research
    • Looking into meaning, function…
    • Textual Analysis, Ethnography, Historical Study
  • Critical Research
    • Identify & Challenge Communication Practices
    • To Advance Social Awareness

The Filed of Communication

defining communication
Defining Communication
  • Communication as “a systemic process in which people interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meanings”
  • Features
    • Process: dynamic and ever-changing
    • Systemic: interrelated parts, context, surroundings
    • Symbolic: abstract, arbitrary, ambiguous representations
    • Meanings: created by symbols through interactions
      • Content level of meaning
      • Relationship level of meaning

The Filed of Communication

models of communication
Models of Communication
  • Linear Models (p. 23)
    • Laswell (1948): Who Says What in What Channel to Whom with What Effect?
    • Shannon & Weaver (1949): “Noise” introduced
  • Interactive Models (p. 24)
    • Schramm (1955): “Feedback” added
  • Transactional Models (p. 25)
    • Wood (1997): Non-sequential, simultaneous, changing over time

The Filed of Communication

breadth of the field
Breadth of the Field
  • Intrapersonal Communication:
    • self-talk, “thinking”
  • Interpersonal Communication:
    • between people
  • Performance Studies
    • performing personal, professional, social identities
  • Group & Team Communication:
    • leadership, roles, group goals, cohesion (fantasy themes)

The Filed of Communication

breadth of the field 2
Breadth of the Field (2)
  • Public Communication:
    • speak to others, credibility, persuasion
  • Organizational Communication:
    • leadership, commitment, decision making, organizational culture
  • Mass Communication
    • media, stereotypes

The Filed of Communication

breadth of the field 3
Breadth of the Field (3)
  • Technologies of Communication
    • human community, information & knowledge
  • Intercultural Communication
    • meanings & cultures
  • Ethics and Communication
    • relationships, rights, moral principles

The Filed of Communication

unifying themes and processes
Unifying Themes and Processes
  • Unifying Themes
    • Symbolic activities
    • Meaning
    • Ethics
  • Basic Processes
    • Perceiving & Understanding
    • Creating Interaction Climates
    • Engaging in Verbal Communication
    • Engaging in Non-verbal Communication
    • Listening & Responding
    • Adapting to Contexts

The Filed of Communication

careers in communication
Careers in Communication
  • Research
  • Education
  • Mass Communication
  • Training & Consulting
  • Human Relations, Human Development & Management

The Filed of Communication