trade policy dialogue on the multiple dimensions of market access and development l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 101 Views
  • Uploaded on

Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development. Session IV Regional Trade Liberalizations as a Complement of Multilateral Liberalization?. Mario Matus Ambassador of Chile to WTO México, October 24, 2006. Presentation. Why FTAs/RTAs? Chilean experience

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development' - channer


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
trade policy dialogue on the multiple dimensions of market access and development
Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development

Session IV

Regional Trade Liberalizations as a Complement of Multilateral Liberalization?

Mario Matus

Ambassador of Chile to WTO

México, October 24, 2006

presentation
Presentation
  • Why FTAs/RTAs?
  • Chilean experience
  • Looking for complementary to WTO?
ftas rtas
FTAs/RTAs
  • Scope for Regional Trade Arrangements:
    • Limited
    • Comprehensive
  • Problems
    • Exception to MFN
    • Discrimination. Exclusion of other members.
    • Trade deviation
    • Complexity for business community
    • Different level of negotiating leverage
    • Do not address all issues (i.e. DS, Export Subs)
    • Erosion of multilateral system if they do not go beyond & under WTO rules & principles
why ftas rtas
Why FTAs/RTAs
  • Market access (goods)
  • Easier to negotiate (bilateral fine tuning)
  • Political reasons:
    • International (i.e. US-Chile; US-Jordan, etc)
    • Domestic (i.e. push for internal changes)
  • To be paid for liberalization
  • Not to be kept behind
  • To minimize trade deviation (further negotiations)
  • WTO slowness for honest free traders
    • Real free trade (0% tariff)
    • Develop more and stricter rules (i.e. TR, Compt, etc)
    • Protection of foreign investment
chilean reasons
Chilean reasons
  • Foreign trade policy
    • Open economy (free flows goods, S & I)
    • Dependent on international trade (more trade)
    • Small country (disciplines)
    • Transparent/legalistic/non corrupted (disciplines)
  • Certainty. Rules and disciplines
  • Dispute settlement
  • Reduce external economic vulnerability
  • Attraction of FDI
  • Differentiation in international economic context
what do we are looking for
What do we are looking for?
  • Commercial
    • Trade creation & reduction of trade diversion
    • Elimination tariff peaks
    • Promote exports
    • Induce more competition
  • Economic
    • Rules and disciplines
    • Reduce external economic vulnerability
    • Attract FDI
  • Political
    • Dispute settlement
    • Differentiation in context of international economic turbulence
chile s bilateralism
Chile's bilateralism

Limited Trade Agreements:

  • Mexico 1991
  • Venezuela 1993
  • Colombia 1994
  • Ecuador 1995
  • Mercosur (4) 1996
  • Peru 1998
  • India 2005

Comprehensive FTAs

  • Canada 1997
  • Mexico 1999
  • Central America (5) 2002
  • European Union (25) 2003
  • USA 2004
  • South Korea 2004
  • EFTA (4)2004
  • Singapore 2005
  • New Zealand 2005
  • Brunei 2005
  • China 2005
  • Panama 2006
  • Japan2006

54 +

chile merchandise exports
Chile : Merchandise Exports

Billion dollars

Source : Central Bank of Chile

gross domestic product
Gross Domestic Product

(1984 = 100)

Source : Central Bank of Chile

Annual average GDP growth rate 84-05: 5.9 %

growth trade and poverty 1990 2000
Growth, trade and poverty (1990-2000)

Evolución del Producto, Intercambio Comercial y Pobreza

40 000

40

36 000

38

32 000

36

28 000

34

24 000

32

miles de millones de Ch$ de 1996

20 000

30

% de la población total

16 000

28

12 000

26

8 000

24

4 000

22

0

20

1990

1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

GDP

# of poors

años

Intercambio (X+M)

comprehensiveness
Comprehensiveness
  • Institutional
    • Transparency
    • Objectives, exceptions, final provisions, etc.
    • DSM
  • “Non trade issues”
    • Intellectual Property Rights
    • Labor
    • Environment
    • Cooperation
    • Political commitments
  • Goods
    • Tariffs (no exceptions)
    • NTM (prohibition)
    • Customs (proced & standards)
    • Rules of origin (simple)
  • Disciplines
    • Safeguards (Bilat-Global)
    • TBT/SPS
    • Competition / AD
  • Services (negative list)
  • Investment (pre-post)
  • Temporary entry
bilateralism vs multilateralism
Bilateralism vs Multilateralism
  • Comprehensiveness
    • All topics includes
    • GATT Art. XXIV
    • GATS Art V
    • Enabling clause
    • Minimum exceptions in MA (goods & services)
  • Future work
    • Common rules of origin
    • Precision on Arts. XXIV & V
    • Common definition of “going beyond WTO”
    • Best practices in APEC, OECD?
    • Develop model for FTAs/RTAs?