VIETNAM Chapter 23Monday 4/30/12RAP- What do you think is the best form of protest? TURN IN CH.23.1 WORKSHEET Objective: SWBAT Describe reasons for going to war with Vietnam by discussing US involvement. Describe tactics used to fight the Vietcong by reading and analyzing fighting methods. Describe attitudes at home about the war by watching “1968”. Describe protest music of the sixties and seventies by listening and analyzing lyrics from different protest groups.
Today • Turn in Chapter 23.1 questions • Review and take notes on Ch.23.1 • Video— “1968 with Tom Brokaw” • Take notes • No HW
Vietnam: Ch. 23.1pages 768-775 • French in Indochina: • Ruled for more than 60 years-Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam • Resources: rice, rubber, and tin • Ho Chi Minh • Wanted independence—self determination • Dien Bien Phu • French surrender in May 1954
Vietnam Civil War • North Vietnam = Ho Chi Minh – communist • Minh- liked by many-called father Ho- • North Vietnam --Vietminh • South Vietnam = Ngo Dinh Diem – nationalist-Vietminh-National Liberation Front (NLF) • Diem= dictator—refused to hold elections which angered many Vietnamese • Late 1960’s—Vietminh united with South Vietnam opposed to Diem to form National Liberation Front (NLF) or Vietcong. • North Vietnam = Vietminh = NLF = Vietcong • South Vietnam and the US
U.S. enter the WarHow did each President impact the war? • Truman- • Sent $20 million in direct military aid to the French • Over next 4 years---$2.6 billion • Eisenhower- • Domino Theory • $1 billion to South Vietnam • 4 out of 5 dollars of aid spent on the military. • Diem • Kennedy- • Tripled amount of aid • Increased the number of U.S. military advisers • US money goes to corrupt government officials pockets • Johnson- • Vietnam expands in 1964 • August, 1964: Gulf of Tonkin —widens war • Operation Rolling Thunder: Feb. 1965- 1968 • 1965—180,000 troops • 1966—nearly doubled • 1967—nearly 500,000
Diem Regime • Why is he on fire? • Buddhist Monk protest • Diem assassinated • JFK assassinated 3 weeks later
The War • Operation Rolling Thunder – 3 years of dropping bombs on North Vietnam. • Targeted bases, roads, and railways. • Along with the Ho Chi Minh trail, which was roads and muddy trails from N. Vietnam along Laos and Cambodia border to S. Vietnam.
The War • Air War- • Dropped more bombs on Vietnam than the Allies did during WWII. • Failed because of the 30,000 miles of tunnels. • Ground War- • Search and destroy missions. • Hard to find the enemy. • Agent Orange
The War • Vietcong- • Guerrilla warfare- small bands to fight US; ambushes, hit and run raids, and sabotage • Advantages for the Vietcong • Knew the land • Appealed to the peasants • US response • Pacification program • Development projects
The Endless War • Young men • M.A.S.H. • Every day a disaster. “I volunteered, you know. Ever since the American Revolution my family had people in all the different wars, and that was always the thing—when your country needs you, you go. You don’t ask a lot of questions, because the country’s always right. This time it didn’t turn out that way. ----David Ross, in Everything We Had, 1981
1968—with Tom Brokaw • Title your notes “1968” • TET Offensive • Democratic Convention • Assassination of MLK, jr. • Assassination of RFK • SDS • Mai Lai • PLEASE THINK ABOUT HOW YOU WOULD HAVE FELT AT THAT TIME. • Tuesday / Wednesday finish the video.