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Are You Ready? Welcome. Agenda. Introduction Identifying hazards Taking protective measures for specific hazards Creating a family disaster plan Assembling a disaster supplies kit Recovering from disaster Conclusion. Objectives.

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agenda
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Identifying hazards
  • Taking protective measures for specific hazards
  • Creating a family disaster plan
  • Assembling a disaster supplies kit
  • Recovering from disaster
  • Conclusion
objectives
Objectives
  • Identify the disasters that could occur in your communities
  • Recognize the importance of family disaster planning
  • Develop a family disaster plan
objectives1
Objectives
  • Recognize special planning issues and integrate them into the plan
  • Assemble a disaster supplies kit that meets your family’s needs
  • Identify steps to take after disaster strikes
benefits of being prepared
Benefits of Being Prepared
  • Reduces fear and anxiety
  • Reduces the impact of disasters
  • Communities, families, and individuals know what to do
facts about floods
Facts About Floods
  • One of the most common hazards in the United States
  • Some floods develop slowly
  • Flash floods develop quickly
  • Risks are greater in low-lying areas, near water, or downstream from a dam
know the terms
Know the Terms
  • Flood/Flash flood watch—flooding is possible
  • Flood warning—flooding is occurring or will occur soon
  • Flash flood warning—a flash flood is occurring; seek higher ground
before a flood
Before a Flood
  • Buy flood insurance
  • Avoid building in a floodplain
  • Elevate furnace, water heater, and electric panel
  • Install check valves in sewer traps
  • Construct barriers
  • Seal basement walls
during a flood
During a Flood
  • Listen to radio or TV for information
  • Move immediately to high ground
  • Be aware of streams, drainage channels, and canyons
during a flood1
During a Flood

If you have to evacuate, and time permits:

  • Secure your home
    • Bring in outdoor furniture
    • Move essential items to an upper floor
  • Turn off utilities
during a flood2
During a Flood
  • Do not walk through moving water
  • Do not drive into flooded areas
after a flood
After a Flood
  • Listen to radio or TV for information
  • Avoid floodwaters and moving water
  • Be aware of areas where floodwaters have receded
  • Stay away from downed power lines
after a flood1
After a Flood
  • Return home only when authorities indicate it is safe
after a flood2
After a Flood
  • Use caution when entering buildings
  • Service damaged septic tanks, cesspools, pits, and leaching systems
  • Clean and disinfect damaged property
facts about tornadoes
Facts About Tornadoes
  • Nature’s most violent storms
  • Every state is at some risk
  • Tornadoes may strike quickly with little or no warning
  • They generally occur near the trailing edge of a thunderstorm
know the terms1
Know the Terms
  • Tornado watch—tornadoes are possible; remain alert for approaching storms
  • Tornado warning—a tornado has been sighted or indicated by weather radar; take shelter
before a tornado
Before a Tornado
  • Consider building a safe room
  • Be alert to changing weather conditions
  • Listen to radio or TV for information
before a tornado1
Before a Tornado
  • Look for approaching storms
  • Look for danger signs:
    • Dark, greenish sky
    • Large hail
    • Large, dark low-lying cloud
    • Loud roar
during a tornado
During a Tornado
  • Go to a shelter
  • Immediately get out of a vehicle, trailer, or mobile home
during a tornado1
During a Tornado
  • If outside, lie flat in a ditch or depression and cover your head
  • Do not get under an overpass or bridge
  • Never try to outrun a tornado
  • Watch out for flying debris
facts about hurricanes
Facts About Hurricanes
  • All Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coastal areas are subject to hurricanes
  • Hurricanes can cause catastrophic damage to coastlines and several hundred miles inland
  • Winds can exceed 155 miles per hour
facts about hurricanes1
Facts About Hurricanes
  • Hurricanes can produce widespread torrential rains
  • Floods and flash flooding are often deadly and destructive results
  • Excessive rain can trigger landslides or mud slides
know the terms2
Know the Terms
  • Tropical depression—an organized system of clouds and thunderstorms
  • Tropical storm—an organized system of strong thunderstorms
know the terms3
Know the Terms
  • Hurricane—an intense tropical weather system
  • Storm surge—a dome of water pushed onshore by a hurricane
  • Storm tide—a combination of storm surge and normal tide
know the terms4
Know the Terms
  • Hurricane watch—conditions are possible in a specified area
  • Hurricane warning—conditions are expected in a specified area
  • Short term watches and warnings—detailed information about specific threats
before a hurricane
Before a Hurricane
  • Secure your property; install straps to secure your roof to the structure
  • Trim trees and shrubs around your home
  • Clear loose and clogged rain gutters and downspouts
  • Secure boats
  • Consider building a safe room
during a hurricane
Listen to radio or TV for information

Secure your home, close storm shutters, secure outdoor objects

During a Hurricane
during a hurricane1
During a Hurricane
  • Moor boats if time permits
  • Ensure a water supply for sanitary purposes
during a hurricane2
During a Hurricane

You should evacuate if you:

  • Are directed to by local authorities
  • Live in a mobile home, temporary structure, or high-rise building
  • Live on the coast, floodplain, or inland waterway
  • Feel you are in danger
during a hurricane3
During a Hurricane

If you are unable to evacuate:

  • Stay indoors, away from windows
  • Keep curtains and blinds closed
  • Seek shelter in a safe room
  • Absent a safe room, go to:
    • Small interior, first floor room
    • Closet or hallway
during a hurricane4
During a Hurricane

If you are unable to evacuate:

  • Turn off utilities and propane tanks
  • Avoid using the phone
  • Close all interior doors
  • Lie on the floor under a table or sturdy object
facts about thunderstorms
Facts About Thunderstorms
  • Storms may occur singly, in clusters, or in lines
  • Storms can be most severe when affecting one location for an extended time
  • Storms typically produce heavy rain for a brief period
facts about lightning
Facts About Lightning
  • Unpredictability increases the risk to individuals and property
  • Lightning often strikes outside of rainfall
  • Heat lightning is from a far away storm
facts about lightning1
Facts About Lightning
  • Most deaths and injuries occur outside in summer months
  • Your chance of being struck by lightning: 1 in 600,000
  • Lightning strike victims carry no electrical charge and should be attended to immediately
know the terms5
Know the Terms
  • Severe thunderstorm watch—thunderstorms are likely; listen to radio or TV for information
  • Severe thunderstorm warning—severe weather has been reported; imminent danger to life and property
before thunderstorms and lightning
Before Thunderstorms and Lightning

To prepare for a thunderstorm:

  • Remove dead or rotting trees
  • Remember the 30/30 lightning safety rule
before thunderstorms and lightning1
Before Thunderstorms and Lightning
  • Postpone outdoor activities
  • Get inside a home, building, or hard top automobile
  • Remember rubber-soled shoes and rubber tires provide no protection
before thunderstorms and lightning2
Before Thunderstorms and Lightning
  • Secure outdoor objects
  • Shutter windows and secure outside doors
before thunderstorms and lightning3
Before Thunderstorms and Lightning
  • Avoid showering or bathing
  • Avoid using corded telephones
  • Unplug appliances
  • Listen to a battery-operated radio for information
during a thunderstorm
During a Thunderstorm

If you are outside:

  • Avoid natural lightning rods: hilltops, open fields, beaches, or a boat on the water
  • Avoid isolated sheds or small structures in open areas
  • Avoid anything metal
  • Seek shelter in a low area
during thunderstorms and lightning
During Thunderstorms and Lightning

If you are on open water:

  • Get to land and find shelter immediately
during thunderstorms and lightning1
During Thunderstorms and Lightning

If you feel your hair stand on end:

  • Squat low to the ground; place hands over ears, head between knees
  • Make yourself the smallest target possible
after a thunderstorm
After a Thunderstorm

To assist a victim of lightning:

  • Call 9-1-1 as soon as possible
  • Check:
    • Breathing
    • Heartbeat
    • Pulse
facts about winter storms and extreme cold
Facts About Winter Storms and Extreme Cold
  • Heavy snowfalls can immobilize an entire region
  • Winter storms can result in flooding, storm surge, closed highways, blocked roads, downed power lines, and hypothermia
know the terms6
Know the Terms
  • Freezing rain—rain that freezes when it hits the ground
  • Sleet—rain that turns to ice pellets before reaching the ground
know the terms7
Know the Terms
  • Winter storm watch—a winter storm is possible in your area
  • Winter storm warning—a winter storm is occurring or will soon occur
know the terms8
Know the Terms
  • Blizzard warning—sustained winds and considerable amounts of snow for a period of three hours or longer
  • Frost/Freeze warning—below freezing temperatures expected
before a winter storm
Before a Winter Storm
  • Add to your disaster supplies kit:
    • Rock salt to melt ice
    • Sand to improve traction
    • Snow shovels
  • Prepare to rely on alternate heating sources
  • Winterize your car
dress for the weather
Dress for the Weather
  • Wear several layers of loose fitting clothing
  • Wear mittens, rather than gloves
  • Wear a hat
  • Cover your mouth with a scarf to protect your lungs
during a winter storm
During a Winter Storm
  • Listen to radio or TV for information
  • Eat regularly and drink ample fluids
  • Avoid overexertion when shoveling snow
during a winter storm1
During a Winter Storm
  • Watch for signs of frostbite
  • Watch for signs of hypothermia
  • Conserve fuel
  • Maintain ventilation when using kerosene heaters
  • Drive only if absolutely necessary
if a blizzard traps you in the car
If a Blizzard Traps You in the Car
  • Pull off the highway
  • Turn on hazard lights
  • Remain in your vehicle
  • Run the engine and heater ten minutes an hour
  • Exercise to maintain body heat
if a blizzard traps you in the car1
If a Blizzard Traps You in the Car
  • Take turns sleeping
  • Drink fluids
  • Conserve battery power
  • Turn on the inside light at night
if a blizzard traps you in the car2
If a Blizzard Traps You in the Car
  • If stranded in a remote area, mark large block letters in the snow (SOS or HELP)
  • Once the blizzard passes, proceed on foot if necessary
facts about extreme heat
Facts About Extreme Heat
  • Most heat disorders occur because the victim has been overexposed or has over-exercised
  • Particularly susceptible are older adults, young children, the sick, and overweight
know the terms9
Know the Terms
  • Heat wave—prolonged period of excessive heat
  • Heat index—a number in degrees (F) adding relative humidity to the air temperature
know the terms10
Know the Terms
  • Heat cramps—muscular pains and spasms; first signal of trouble with heat
  • Heat exhaustion—result of loss of body fluid
know the terms11
Know the Terms
  • Heat stroke—life threatening condition; temperature control stops working
  • Sun stroke—another term for heat stroke
before extreme heat
Before Extreme Heat
  • Install window air conditioners
  • Check air-conditioning ducts
  • Install temporary window reflectors
before extreme heat1
Before Extreme Heat
  • Weather-strip doors and sills
  • Cover windows that receive morning or afternoon sun
  • Keep storm windows up all year
during a heat emergency
During a Heat Emergency
  • Stay indoors, on the lowest floor, out of the sun
  • Eat light meals and drink plenty of water
  • Limit intake of alcoholic beverages
  • Dress in loose-fitting, light-colored clothing
during a heat emergency1
During a Heat Emergency
  • Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat
  • Check on family, friends, and neighbors
  • Never leave children or pets alone in vehicles
during a heat emergency2
During a Heat Emergency
  • Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day
  • Know the signs of heat-induced illness and how to treat it
facts about earthquakes
Facts About Earthquakes
  • An earthquake is a sudden movement of the earth
  • Earthquakes are caused by the abrupt release of strain accumulated over a long time
  • Earthquakes can cause death, injury, and extensive property damage
know the terms12
Know the Terms
  • Earthquake—sudden slipping or movement of the earth’s crust
  • Aftershock—an earthquake of similar or lesser intensity following the main earthquake
  • Fault—the fracture across which displacement occurred during an earthquake
know the terms13
Know the Terms
  • Epicenter—place on the earth’s surface directly above the point where the rupture began
  • Seismic waves—vibrations that travel outward from the fault
  • Magnitude—amount of energy released by an earthquake
before an earthquake
Before an Earthquake
  • Repair defective utility wiring and connections
  • Bolt down large appliances
  • Place heavy objects and breakables on lower shelves
  • Anchor overhead lighting fixtures
before an earthquake1
Before an Earthquake
  • Ensure residence is anchored to its foundation
  • Install flexible pipe fittings
  • Locate safe spots in each room
  • Hold earthquake drills with family members
during an earthquake
During an Earthquake
  • Minimize your movements
  • Take cover under a sturdy desk or table
  • Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors
  • If you are in bed, stay there and protect your head with a pillow
during an earthquake1
During an Earthquake
  • Use a doorway for shelter only if it is close and is a strongly supported, load bearing doorway
  • Stay indoors until shaking has stopped
  • Be aware the electricity may go out
  • Do not use elevators
during an earthquake2
During an Earthquake

If outside:

  • Stay outside
  • Move away from buildings, streetlights, utility wires
during an earthquake3
During an Earthquake

If in a moving vehicle:

  • Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle
  • Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped
during an earthquake4
During an Earthquake

If trapped under debris:

  • Do not light a match
  • Do not move or kick up dust
  • Cover your mouth
  • Tap on pipe or wall
after an earthquake
After an Earthquake
  • Be prepared for aftershocks
  • Open cabinets cautiously
  • Stay away from damaged areas
  • Be aware of tsunamis in coastal areas
facts about volcanoes
Facts About Volcanoes
  • Volcanic eruptions can be quiet or explosive
  • There may be lava flow, flattened landscape, poisonous gases, and flying rock and ash
facts about volcanoes1
Facts About Volcanoes
  • Lava flows are great fire hazards
  • Volcanic eruptions can be accompanied by earthquakes, mudflows, flash floods, rock falls, and landslides
before a volcanic eruption
Before a Volcanic Eruption
  • Add goggles and breathing masks for each family member to your disaster supplies kit
  • Stay away from active volcano sites
during a volcanic eruption
During a Volcanic Eruption
  • Evacuate immediately
  • Be aware of mudflows
  • Avoid river valleys and low-lying areas
  • Protect against falling ash
facts about landslides and debris flow
Facts About Landslides and Debris Flow
  • Landslides occur in all states and territories
  • They are activated by storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, fires, and land modification
  • Debris and mud flows develop from water accumulation during heavy rain or snowmelt
before a landslide or debris flow
Before a Landslide or Debris Flow
  • Do not build near steep slopes, mountain edges, drainage ways, or natural erosion valleys
  • Get a ground assessment of your property
before a landslide or debris flow1
Before a Landslide or Debris Flow
  • Consult a professional for corrective measures
  • Install flexible water and gas pipe fittings
  • Recognize warning signs
during a landslide or debris flow
During a Landslide or Debris Flow
  • Move away from the path
  • Curl into a tight ball and protect your head
after a landslide or debris flow
After a Landslide or Debris Flow
  • Stay away from the slide area
  • Check for injured and trapped persons
after a landslide or debris flow1
After a Landslide or Debris Flow
  • Watch for associated dangers
    • Electrical, water, gas, sewage lines
    • Damaged road and railways
  • Replant damaged ground
  • Seek professional advice for evaluating landslide hazards
facts about tsunamis
Facts About Tsunamis
  • Tsunamis are enormous waves created by an underwater disturbance
  • Waves travel outward in all directions
facts about tsunamis1
Facts About Tsunamis
  • Tsunamis can move hundreds of miles per hour
  • Tsunamis can create waves as high as 100 feet
know the terms14
Know the Terms
  • Advisory—an earthquake has occurred which might generate a tsunami
  • Watch—a tsunami may have been generated but is at least two hours from the area
  • Warning—a tsunami may have been generated; could cause damage; people are warned to evacuate
during a tsunami
During a Tsunami
  • Listen to radio or TV for information
  • Move inland to higher ground immediately
after a tsunami
After a Tsunami
  • Stay away from flooded and damaged areas
  • Stay away from debris in the water
facts about fires
Facts About Fires
  • More than 4,000 die and more than 25,000 are injured each year in fires
  • Many can be prevented
  • Property loss due to fires is estimated at $8.6 billion a year
facts about fires1
Facts About Fires
  • Fire spreads quickly
  • Heat and smoke can be more dangerous than flames
  • Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths
before a fire
Before a Fire
  • Install smoke alarms on every level of the home
  • Test and clean smoke alarms monthly
  • Replace batteries at least yearly
before a fire1
Before a Fire
  • Review escape routes with your family
  • Make sure windows open easily
  • Consider escape ladders
before a fire2
Before a Fire
  • Teach family members to stay low to the floor
  • Clean out storage areas
before a fire3
Before a Fire
  • Never use flammable liquids indoors
  • Store flammable liquids in approved containers in well-ventilated areas
  • Never smoke near flammable liquids
  • Discard materials soaked in flammable liquids
before a fire4
Before a Fire
  • Ensure chimneys are properly insulated and maintained
  • Be careful when using alternative heating sources
  • Check on legality of kerosene heaters
before a fire5
Before a Fire
  • Place heaters at least three feet from flammable materials
  • Use only the fuel designated for your unit
  • Store ashes in a metal container
  • Keep open flame away from walls, furniture, drapery
before a fire6
Before a Fire
  • Keep a screen in front of the fireplace
  • Have heating units inspected and cleaned annually
before a fire7
Before a Fire
  • Keep matches and lighters away from children
  • Never smoke in bed
  • Properly maintain electrical wiring, extension cords, and outlets
before a fire8
Before a Fire
  • Sleep with bedroom doors closed
  • Install A-B-C fire extinguishers and learn how to use them
  • Consider an automatic fire sprinkler system
  • Schedule a fire safety inspection
during a fire
During a Fire
  • If your clothes catch on fire:
    • Stop, drop, and roll
  • To escape a fire:
    • Check closed doors for heat before opening
    • Crawl low under smoke to the exit
    • Close doors behind you
    • Once out—stay out—do not reenter
    • Call 9-1-1
after a fire
After a Fire
  • Cool and cover burns; call 9-1-1
  • Do not reenter a building if you detect heat or smoke
  • Contact your landlord if you are a tenant
  • Do not open a safe or strong box
facts about wildfires
Facts About Wildfires
  • Wildfires are usually triggered by lightning or accidents
  • Wildfires spread quickly igniting brush, trees, and homes
before a wildfire
Before a Wildfire
  • Clearly mark your property entrance
  • Keep lawns trimmed, leaves raked, roof free of dead limbs and leaves
  • Stack firewood and store flammable material at least 30 feet away from your residence
before a wildfire1
Before a Wildfire
  • Thin trees and brush
  • Landscape with fire resistant plants
  • Make sure water sources are available to the fire department
before a wildfire2
Before a Wildfire
  • Use fire resistant roofing and materials
  • Cover exterior vents with mesh to prevent debris from collecting
  • Install multi-paned windows
  • Use fire resistant draperies
before a wildfire3
Before a Wildfire
  • Regularly clean and inspect chimneys, wood stoves, home heating systems
  • Insulate chimneys
  • Remove branches hanging around the chimney
  • Follow local burning laws
during a wildfire
During a Wildfire
  • If advised to evacuate, do so immediately
  • If a wildfire threatens, and time permits:
    • Shut off gas and propane tanks
    • Open fireplace damper and close fireplace screens
    • Close windows, doors, vents
during a wildfire1
During a Wildfire
  • If a wildfire threatens, and time permits:
    • Move flammable furniture to the center of the residence
    • Close interior doors and windows
    • Place valuables in pool or pond
    • Back your car into the garage, or park in open space facing escape direction
during a wildfire2
During a Wildfire
  • If a wildfire threatens, and time permits:
    • Seal attic and ground vents
    • Turn off propane tanks
    • Place combustible patio furniture inside
during a wildfire3
During a Wildfire
  • If a wildfire threatens, and time permits:
    • Connect garden hose to outdoor taps; wet the roof
    • Gather fire tools such as rake, axe, saw, bucket, and shovel
facts about hazardous materials
Facts About Hazardous Materials
  • Chemicals are found everywhere but can be hazardous if used or released improperly
  • Hazards can occur during production, storage, transportation, use, or disposal
facts about hazardous materials incidents
Facts About Hazardous Materials Incidents

Sources include:

  • Chemical manufacturers
  • Service stations
  • Hospitals
  • Hazardous materials waste sites
before a hazardous materials incident
Before a Hazardous Materials Incident
  • Learn about community emergency planning
  • Add to your disaster supplies:
    • Plastic sheeting
    • Duct tape and scissors
during a hazardous materials incident
During a Hazardous Materials Incident
  • Listen to radio or TV for information
during a hazardous materials incident1
During a Hazardous Materials Incident
  • If advised to evacuate, do so immediately
  • If outside, stay upstream, uphill, and upwind
  • If in a car, stop and seek shelter
during a hazardous materials incident2
During a Hazardous Materials Incident
  • If advised to stay indoors:
    • Close doors, windows, and vents
    • Turn off ventilation systems
    • Go to a shelter room; seal the room
after a hazardous materials incident
After a Hazardous Materials Incident
  • Return home only when authorities say it is safe
  • If you have been exposed to hazardous chemicals, follow instructions from local authorities for decontamination procedures
after a hazardous materials incident1
After a Hazardous Materials Incident
  • Consult authorities about cleaning your property
  • Report any lingering vapors or hazards
before a household chemical emergency
Before a Household Chemical Emergency
  • Buy only as much of a chemical as you will use
  • Keep products in original containers
  • Store and dispose of hazardous household chemicals properly
  • Follow manufacturer’s instructions
before a household chemical emergency1
Before a Household Chemical Emergency
  • Never smoke while using household chemicals
  • Never use chemicals near an open flame
  • Clean spills immediately
  • Post the national poison control number: (800) 222-1222
toxic poisoning
Toxic Poisoning

Recognize the symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irritation of eyes, skin, throat, or respiratory tract
  • Changes in skin color
toxic poisoning1
Toxic Poisoning

Recognize the symptoms:

  • Headache or blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Clumsiness or lack of coordination
  • Cramps or diarrhea
during a household chemical emergency
During a Household Chemical Emergency

If there is danger of fire or explosion:

  • Get out of the residence immediately
  • Stay upwind to avoid breathing toxic fumes
during a household chemical emergency1
During a Household Chemical Emergency

If someone has been exposed to a chemical:

  • Find the container of the substance if readily available
  • Call emergency medical services
  • Follow emergency operator’s instructions
facts about nuclear power plants
Facts About Nuclear Power Plants
  • Nuclear power plants operate in most states
  • Facilities are monitored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
facts about nuclear power plants1
Facts About Nuclear Power Plants
  • An accident could result in dangerous levels of radiation
  • If an accident occurs, authorities would activate warning systems
know the terms15
Know the Terms
  • Notification of an unusual event—no radiation, no action
  • Alert—small amounts of radiation, no action
  • Site area emergency—listen to your radio for safety information
  • General emergency—radiation could leak, listen to your radio and follow instructions
before a nuclear power plant emergency
Before a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency
  • Obtain public emergency information materials
  • Learn about community emergency planning
during a nuclear power plant emergency
During a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency

If you are told to evacuate:

  • Keep car windows closed
  • Listen to the radio for information
during a nuclear power plant emergency1
During a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency

If you are told to remain indoors:

  • Turn off the air conditioner, ventilation fans, and furnace
  • Go to a basement or underground room
  • Do not use the phone unless absolutely necessary
during a nuclear power plant emergency2
During a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency

If you suspect you have been exposed to radiation:

  • Change clothes and shoes; put exposed clothing in a plastic bag and seal it
  • Take a thorough shower
after a nuclear power plant emergency
After a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency
  • Seek medical treatment for any unusual symptoms
general guidelines
General Guidelines
  • Be aware of your surroundings
  • Leave if something does not seem right
  • Take precautions when traveling
general guidelines1
General Guidelines
  • Locate emergency exits and emergency supplies in buildings you frequent
  • Be prepared to do without basic services such as electricity, telephone, gas, ATM, and Internet
general guidelines2
General Guidelines

Work with building owners to ensure on each floor:

  • Battery-operated radio
  • Flashlights
  • First aid kit
  • Hard hats and dust masks
  • Fluorescent tape to rope off dangerous areas
during an explosion
During an Explosion
  • Get under a sturdy table or desk
  • Leave the building as quickly as possible
  • Exit without using elevators
  • Do not stand in front of windows or glass doors
  • Do not block sidewalks or streets used by emergency officials
during an explosion1
During an Explosion

If you are trapped in debris:

  • Use a flashlight to signal rescuers
  • Avoid unnecessary movement
  • Cover your nose and mouth
  • Use a whistle and/or tap on the wall to signal rescuers
  • Shout only as a last resort
biological threats
Bacteria

Viruses

Toxins

Delivery methods:

Aerosols

Animals

Food and water

Person-to-person

Biological Threats
before a biological attack
Before a Biological Attack
  • Ensure immunizations are up to date
  • Consider installing a HEPA filter
during a biological attack
During a Biological Attack

If you become aware of a suspicious substance:

  • Move away
  • Wash with soap and water
  • Contact authorities
  • Listen to media for instructions
  • Seek medical attention if you become sick
during a biological attack1
During a Biological Attack

If you are exposed to a biological agent:

  • Remove and bag your clothes
  • Follow decontamination instructions
  • Wash with soap and water
  • Seek medical assistance
after a biological attack
After a Biological Attack
  • Pay attention to official warnings and instructions
before a chemical attack
Before a Chemical Attack
  • Add to your disaster supplies:
    • Duct tape and scissors
    • Plastic sheeting
  • Choose an internal room to shelter
during a chemical attack
During a Chemical Attack

In your home of office building:

  • Close doors and windows; turn off ventilation
  • Seek shelter in an internal room; take disaster supplies
  • Seal the room
  • Listen to radio for instructions
during a chemical attack1
During a Chemical Attack

If you are in an unprotected area:

  • Move away immediately
  • Get upwind of contaminated area
  • Find shelter
after a chemical attack
After a Chemical Attack
  • Follow decontamination guidelines
  • Do not leave shelter until authorities announce it is safe
  • Seek medical assistance
decontamination guidelines
Decontamination Guidelines
  • Use caution when helping others
  • Remove all clothing
  • Flush eyes with water
  • Wash face and hair
  • Change into uncontaminated clothes
  • Proceed to a medical facility
facts about a nuclear blast
Facts About a Nuclear Blast

The effect of the hazard will be defined by:

  • Size of the device
  • Height above ground the device was detonated
  • Nature of the surface beneath the explosion
  • Existing meteorological conditions
facts about a nuclear blast1
Facts About a Nuclear Blast
  • Individuals may be affected by radioactive fallout
  • A nuclear weapon can create an electromagnetic pulse
  • Protection from fallout requires sheltering
nuclear blast1
Nuclear Blast

Factors for protecting oneself:

  • Distance
  • Shielding
  • Time
before a nuclear blast
Before a Nuclear Blast
  • Locate designated fallout shelters
  • Identify safe places to shelter
  • Increase your disaster supplies to be adequate for up to two weeks
blast shelters
Blast Shelters
  • Constructed to offer protection against blast pressure
  • Cannot withstand a nuclear explosion
fallout shelters
Fallout Shelters
  • Not specifically constructed for fallout
  • Protected space thick and dense enough to absorb radiation
during a nuclear blast
During a Nuclear Blast

If an attack warning is issued:

  • Take cover below ground if possible
  • Listen for official information and instructions
during a nuclear blast1
During a Nuclear Blast

If you are outside:

  • Do not look at the flash or fireball
  • Take cover behind anything that might offer protection
  • Lie flat on the ground and cover your head
  • Take shelter as soon as you can
after a nuclear blast
After a Nuclear Blast
  • Listen to the radio to determine when it is safe to leave your shelter
  • Stay away from damaged areas
facts about rdd
Facts About RDD
  • Often referred to as a “dirty bomb”
  • Combines a conventional device—such as a bomb—with radioactive material
  • Designed to scatter dangerous and sub-lethal amounts of radioactive material
before an rdd event
Before an RDD Event
  • Modify your disaster supplies to be adequate for two weeks
  • Locate designated fallout shelters
  • Identify safe places to shelter
during an rdd event
During an RDD Event

If outdoors:

  • Seek shelter indoors
  • Move upwind if shelter is not available
  • Listen for official instructions and follow directions
during an rdd event1
During an RDD Event

If indoors:

  • Time permitting, close windows, vents, fireplace dampers, exhaust fans, and clothes dryer vents
  • Seek shelter in an underground or interior room
  • Seal windows and external doors
  • Listen for official instructions
after an rdd event
After an RDD Event
  • Listen to the radio to determine when it is safe to leave your shelter
  • Stay away from damaged areas
civilian guidance low risk
Civilian GuidanceLow Risk
  • Develop a family emergency plan
  • Create an emergency supply kit
  • Be informed
  • Know where to shelter
  • Examine volunteer opportunities
civilian guidance guarded risk
Civilian GuidanceGuarded Risk
  • Complete recommended steps at level green
  • Review stored disaster supplies and replace items that are outdated
  • Be alert to suspicious activity and report it to authorities
civilian guidance elevated risk
Civilian GuidanceElevated Risk
  • Complete steps at levels green and blue
  • Ensure disaster supplies are stocked and ready
  • Update phone numbers in family emergency plan
  • Develop alternative routes to work or school
  • Be alert for suspicious activity
civilian guidance high risk
Civilian GuidanceHigh Risk
  • Complete steps at lower levels
  • Exercise caution when traveling
  • Review your family emergency plan
  • Be patient; expect delays
  • Check on neighbors
civilian guidance severe risk
Civilian GuidanceSevere Risk
  • Complete recommended steps at lower levels
  • Listen to emergency management officials
  • Stay tuned to TV or radio
  • Be prepared to shelter or evacuate
civilian guidance severe risk1
Civilian GuidanceSevere Risk
  • Expect traffic delays and restrictions
  • Provide volunteer services only as requested
  • Contact school and business to determine status
family disaster plan
Family Disaster Plan
  • Knowing the protective measures for specific hazards
  • Recognizing warning systems and signals
  • Evacuating from a disaster area
  • Incorporating community, school, and other plans
  • Identifying escape routes
family disaster plan1
Family Disaster Plan
  • Completing a family communications plan
  • Shutting off utilities
  • Obtaining appropriate insurance
  • Preparing for special needs
  • Caring for animals
  • Learning safety skills
warning systems
Warning Systems
  • Emergency Alert System (EAS)
  • NOAA Weather Radio
community school and other plans
Community, School, and Other Plans
  • Most communities develop a disaster/emergency plan
  • Questions to ask:
    • What does the plan contain?
    • How often is it updated?
    • What should I know about the plan?
    • What hazard(s) does it cover?
family communications plan
Family Communications Plan
  • Out-of-state contacts
  • Vital information about each family member
  • Where to go in an emergency
  • Additional information
shutting off utilities
Shutting Off Utilities
  • Natural Gas
  • Water
  • Electricity
caring for animals
Caring for Animals
  • Identify shelter for pets
  • Gather pet supplies
  • Ensure pet has proper ID and up-to-date veterinarian records
  • Provide a pet carrier and leash
pet provisions
Pet Provisions

Before an event occurs:

  • Provide a pet carrier
  • Keep pet’s shots current and have copies of medical records
  • Ensure you have a properly fitted collar and ID
  • Gather pet emergency supplies
basic disaster supplies kit
Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
  • Food and water for at least three days
  • Radio, flashlight, and extra batteries
basic disaster supplies kit1
Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
  • First aid kit
  • Hygiene items
  • Matches
  • Whistle
  • Extra clothing
basic disaster supplies kit2
Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
  • Kitchen accessories
  • Copies of credit and ID cards
  • Cash
  • Special needs items
maintaining the disaster supplies kit
Maintaining the Disaster Supplies Kit
  • Keep canned foods in a cool dry place
  • Store food in tightly closed containers
  • Change stored food and water every six months
  • Review your kit and family needs at least once a year
  • Keep items in one or two easy-to-carry containers
aiding the injured
Aiding the Injured
  • Check for injuries
  • Avoid moving a seriously injured person
  • Perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if necessary
  • Maintain body temperature
  • Never feed liquids to an unconscious person
health
Health
  • Be aware of the potential for exhaustion
  • Drink plenty of clean water
  • Eat well
  • Wear sturdy work boots and gloves
  • Wash hands thoroughly when working in debris
safety issues
Safety Issues
  • Be aware of new safety issues created by the disaster
  • Inform local authorities about:
    • Chemical spills
    • Downed power lines
    • Washed out roads
    • Smoldering insulation
    • Dead animals
returning home
Returning Home
  • Keep a battery-powered radio
  • Use a flashlight to inspect a damaged home
returning home1
Returning Home
  • Watch out for animals
  • Use the phone only in emergencies
  • Stay off the streets
before you enter your home
Before You Enter Your Home
  • Inspect the outside
  • Have your residence inspected if you are unsure
  • Do not enter if:
    • You smell gas
    • Floodwaters remain
    • Home is declared unsafe by authorities
going inside your home
Going Inside Your Home
  • Enter carefully and check for damage
  • Be aware of loose boards and slippery floors
going inside your home1
Going Inside Your Home

Check for:

  • Natural gas
  • Sparks, broken or frayed wires
  • Roof, foundation, and chimney cracks
  • Damp appliances
going inside your home2
Going Inside Your Home

Check for:

  • Damaged water and sewage systems
  • Contaminated food and other supplies
  • Water in your basement
  • Objects that may fall from cabinets
wildlife and other animals
Wildlife and Other Animals
  • Do not approach an injured or trapped animal; call animal control
  • Do not attempt to move a dead animal; call local emergency management or health department
  • If bitten, seek immediate medical attention
coping with disaster
Coping With Disaster
  • Educate yourself about the effects of disaster events
  • Recognize signs of disaster related stress
  • Take steps to ease disaster related stress
coping with disaster1
Coping With Disaster
  • Be aware of the special needs of children
helping others
Helping Others
  • Volunteer
  • Bring your own supplies to the emergency area
  • Donate money