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Opening seminar for the project “Implementation of the Seveso II Directive (96/82/EC)” Bratislava, Slovakia, 28-29 April 2003. The “Seveso II” Directive – an overview including the ongoing amendment of the Directive. A long history of major accidents. 1974: Flixborough, United Kingdom

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The seveso ii directive an overview including the ongoing amendment of the directive

Opening seminar for the project“Implementation of the Seveso II Directive (96/82/EC)”Bratislava, Slovakia, 28-29 April 2003

The “Seveso II” Directive – an overview including the ongoing amendment of the Directive

A long history of major accidents
A long history of major accidents ...

1974: Flixborough, United Kingdom

1976: Seveso, Italy

1982: Original « Seveso Directive » adopted

1984: Bhopal, India

1986: Basel, Switzerland

9 Dec 1996: « Seveso II Directive » adopted

3 Feb 1999: « Seveso II » must be applied in the Member States of the European Union

30 Jan 2000: Baia Mare, Romania

15 May 2000: Enschede, Netherlands

21 Sep 2001: Toulouse, France


Industrial Risk Management

Control of products

Control of processes

Nuclear Safety

Chemical Plant Safety

Seveso Directives


Seveso ii aim
Seveso II - Aim

  • prevention of major accidents involving dangerous substances

  • limitation of the consequences of accidents on man and the environment

high level of protectionfor man and the environment throughout the European Union

Scope and main obligations of seveso ii


Lower than lower tier

Excluded Sector? (Article 4)


What is the quantity of dangerous substances?(Annex I)

Quantity above the lower threshold

Quantity above the higher threshold

Scope and main obligations of Seveso II

Seveso does not apply

  • Notification

  • Major Accident Prevention Policy (MAPP)

  • Domino Effects

  • Land-use planning

  • Inspection

  • Additionally:

  • Safety report (including MAPP and Safety Management System)

  • Emergency plans (internal and external)

  • Information to the public

Control measures aimed at prevention
Control measures aimed at Prevention

Upper and lower tier:

  • General obligations

  • Notification

  • Major Accident Prevention Policy

  • Domino Effects

  • Inspection by Competent Authorities

    For upper tier only:

  • Safety Report

  • Safety Management System

Control measures aimed at limitation of the consequences
Control measures aimed atlimitation of the consequences

Upper and lower tier:

  • General obligations

  • Land-use planning

    For upper tier only:

  • Emergency planning

  • Information to the public

General comparison

UN/ECE Industrial Accidents Convention

International law

binding for the Parties, i.e. those UN/ECE member countries that



approve or

accede to

the Convention


European law

binding for the 15 Member States of the European Union

binding for the EEA countries (Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein)EEA = Treaty on the European Economic Area

General Comparison

Ratification implementation of the un ece convention in the eu requires
Ratification/Implementation of the UN/ECE Conventionin the EU requires...

  • within the sphere of competence of the Community according to the EC Treaty: Community legislation = Seveso II Directive (96/82/EC)

  • outside the sphere of competence of the Community (example: civil protection): national legislation in each Member State

Procedures for ratification implementation
Procedures for Ratification/Implementation

  • Approval on behalf of the Community decided by Council of Environment Ministers on 23 March 1998

  • Deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on 24 April 1998

  • Ratification by each Member State (so far Luxembourg, Spain, Greece, Germany, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Italy and United Kingdom)

  • Slovakia has not yet acceded !!

Consistency of seveso ii with the un ece convention
Consistency of “Seveso II” with the UN/ECE Convention

Both instruments aim at the

  • prevention of major industrial accidents involving dangerous substances

  • limitation of the consequences of such accidents on man and the environment

    In the case of transboundary effects:

    Co-operation between UN/ECE countries and/or EU Member States before, during and after an accident

What means

"Implementation" ?


Practical application

into national laws,

and enforcement of

regulations and

laws, regulations and

administrative provisions

administrative provisions




What means ...

Role of the european commission
Role of theEuropean Commission

  • is the “Guardian of the EC Treaty”

  • does not apply SEVESO II directly

  • supports and controls transposition of SEVESO II into national laws and their application

  • reports to Council and European Parliament on implementation

  • Committee of Competent Authorities (CCA) meets twice each year

Major accident hazards bureau mahb
Major-Accident Hazards Bureau (MAHB)

  • MoU between the Commission and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in 1994

  • established within IPSC at JRC in Ispra, Italy

  • has three main tasks:

    • Major-Accident Reporting System (MARS) and Seveso Plant Information Retrieval System (SPIRS)

    • Community Documentation Centre on Industrial Risks (CDCIR)

    • scientific and administrative support for Technical Working Groups (TWG’s)

Guidance documents available from mahb http mahbsrv jrc it
Guidance documents availablefrom MAHB (

  • Guidance on the preparation of a Safety Report to the requirements of the Seveso II Directive

  • Guidance concerning information to the public

  • Guidelines on a Major Accident Prevention Policy and Safety Management System

  • Guidance on Land-use Planning

  • Explanations and Guidelines for the application of Article 9 (6) of the Seveso II Directive on harmonised criteria for dispensations

  • Guidance on Inspections

New working group on land use planning agreed objectives
New Working Group on Land-Use PlanningAgreed Objectives

  • Objective 1: Give principles of “good practice”

  • Objective 2: Develop a Technical Database of accident scenarios, event frequencies and risk/hazard assessment data

  • Objective 3: Examine additional safety measures

  • Objective 4: Address pre-existing situations of concern between Seveso sites and residential and other sensitive areas

  • Objective 5: Assess the sufficiency of information in Notification / Safety Report

New working group on land use planning meetings
New Working Group on Land-Use PlanningMeetings

  • 1st meeting, Plenary Working Group: 9-10 September 2002

  • 1st meeting, Subgroup of Risk Assessment Experts for Objective 2: 6-7 February 2003

  • 2nd meeting, Plenary Working Group: 10-11 March 2003

  • Next meetings: Subgroup: 8-9 July 2003 / Plenary: November 2003


  • Agreed Terms-of-Reference

  • Good progress with all of the Objectives

  • Initiation of data/information collection

Other instruments supporting implementation
Other instruments supporting implementation

  • Seveso Plants Information Retrieval System (SPIRS)

    • European map of Seveso plants

    • also contains a risk assessment tool

  • Mutual Joint Visits Programme (MJV) in the field of inspections

    • “experts visit experts”

    • 3-4 visits per year of different Member States in a rotation system

  • Reporting

Amendment of seveso ii
Amendment of Seveso II

  • “Baia Mare” - inclusion of certain mining activities, including tailings management facilities

  • “Enschede” - better definition of explosive and pyrotechnic substances, decrease of qualifying quantities

  • “Toulouse” - replacement of the two current entries on ammonium nitrate by 4 new categories, with new qualifying quantities

  • Extension of list of carcinogens in Annex I, Part 1, along with new qualifying quantities

  • Lower qualifying quantities for substances dangerous to the aquatic environment (Annex I, Part 2)

State of play
State of play

  • Proposal adopted by Commission on 10 December 2001 (COM(2001) 624 final)

  • European Parliament adopts opinion in1st reading on 3 July 2002

  • Commission adopts Amended Proposal on 26 September 2002 (COM(2002) 540 final)

  • Council adopts Common Position on 20 February 2003

  • To come: 2nd reading in European Parliament

Contact details
Contact details:

Jürgen Wettig

European Commission

Environment Directorate-General

Unit ENV.D.3 (Civil Protection)

B-1049 Brussels

Tel/Fax: (+32-2) 296.91.49/299.03.14