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Please bring your Gilgamesh paper to your T.A. at the front of the room. BUDDHIST AND REVITALIZED HINDU EMPIRES. BUDDHISM NIRVANA Soul is illusion. union with void non-theistic: Buddha is not god but “enlightened one”. HINDUISM MOKSHA Soul is real. union with godhead

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slide1

Please bring your Gilgamesh paper

to your T.A. at the front of the room.

slide2

BUDDHIST AND REVITALIZED HINDU EMPIRES

BUDDHISM

NIRVANA

Soul is illusion.

union with void

non-theistic: Buddha is not god but “enlightened one”.

HINDUISM

MOKSHA

Soul is real.

union with godhead

theistic: many gods

slide3

Development of Buddhism

  • A. Threat to Brahmin establishment
  • B. Religion with Buddha as “god” and nirvana as “salvation”
  • C. Monks and nuns in monasteries

Monks praying at Bo Tree, under which Buddha achieved Nirvana

slide4

III. Maurya empire, 324-184 B.C.E.

A.Alexander the Great invades India, ca. 330 B.C.E.

B. Chandragupta Maurya (r. 324-301 B.C.E.)

C. Militaristic, authoritarian

slide6

D.Emperor ASHOKA (r. 269-232 B.C.E.)

converts to Buddhism.

E. Proselytizing missions

F. Trade with Rome and China

(Huns)

Silk Road

slide7

IV. Gupta empire and Brahmin revenge,320-550 C.E.

A. Nomadic invasions, 2nd century B.C.E.-3rd century C.E.

B. Guptas unify N. India, 320 C.E.

C. Decentralized rule, VASSALS

Maurya empire Gupta empire

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D. More accommodating Hinduism, stressing individual

devotion to gods

E. Buddha as avatar of Vishnu

F. Meditation to achieve MOKSHA

G. Little participation by women

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İ. Brahmins as princes’ tutors (gurus)

  • V. Classical Indian civilization
  • zero
  • “Arabic” numerals
  • (Bulliet, p. 192)
  • chess
  • Kamasutra
slide11

VI. Nomadic invasions, 5thc. C.E.: Hsiung-nu / Xiongnu (Huns)

Tang Chinese sculpture

modern artist’s rendering