direct object pronouns n.
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Direct object pronouns. What is a Direct Object?. The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. The direct object can also be a person. The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing. .

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what is a direct object
What is a Direct Object?
  • The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object.
  • The direct object can also be a person.
  • The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing.

Bill hit the ball.

"Ball" receives the action of the verb "hit."

Sherry hit Bill. (DO=Bill)

dopns
DOPNs
  • Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the direct object with a pronoun.
  • Example 1Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers home and gave the flowers to his wife.
  • Example 2Paul bought the flowers. He took them home and gave them to his wife.
dopns1
DOPNS
  • When the pronoun replaces the name of the direct object, use the following pronouns:
  • me (me)te (you-familiar)lo, la (him, her, it, you-formal)nos (us)os (you-all-familiar)los, las (them, you-all-formal)
  • Place the pronouns directly in front of the verb.
dopns2
DOPNS
  • Notice that if the subject of the sentence changes, this does not affect the direct object pronoun.
  • Juan la tiene.Juan tiene = John hasJuan tiene la pluma. = John has the pen.Juan la tiene. = John has it.AndMaría la tiene.Maríatiene = Mary hasMaríatiene la pluma. = Mary has the pen.María la tiene. = Mary has it.
gender of it
Gender of “it”
  • However, if the direct object of the sentence changes to a masculine noun, the masculine pronoun must be used.
  • Juan lo tiene.Juan tiene = John hasJuan tieneel libro. = John has the book.Juan lotiene. = John has it.ButJuan la tiene.Juan tiene = John hasJuan tienela pluma. = John has the pen.Juan latiene. = John has it.
plural dopns
Plural DOPNs
  • Likewise, if the direct object of the sentence changes from singular to plural, the plural pronoun must be used.
  • Juan lo tiene.Juan tiene = John hasJuan tieneel libro. = John has the book.Juan lotiene. = John has it.ButMaría los tiene.Maríatiene = Mary hasMaríatienelos libros. = Mary has the books.Maríalostiene. = Mary has them.
practicamos
Practicamos

te

  • I know you. _____ conozco
  • She loves him. Ella _____ ama.
  • Juan come dos sándwiches. Juan ____ come
  • Theycallus.Ellos ____ llaman.
  • He loves me. Él ____ ama
  • Tenemos dos mesas.____tenemos.

lo

los

nos

me

las