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Value Engineering. Value Engineering is the conscious, systematic application of a set of techniques that identify the needed functions, establish values for them and develop alternatives to perform these functions at minimum cost. What is value?. VALUE = What we get out of something

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value engineering

Value Engineering

Value Engineering is the conscious, systematic application of a set of techniques that identify the needed functions, establish values for them and develop alternatives to perform these functions at minimum cost.

what is value
What is value?

VALUE = What we get out of something

What we put into it

VALUE = Quality, reliability, appeal, etc = Benefits

Cost, time, mass, energy, etc. Resources

VALUE = Worth = Performance

Cost Cost

Delivery of necessary project functions while achieving best balance between project performance and project costs.

to increase value












To Increase Value
  • Value = Function


functional analysis
Functional Analysis
  • Basic Function
  • Secondary function
  • Unnecessary function
standardization simplification specification
  • Can Design be changed to eliminate a part ?
  • Can design be purchased at lower cost ?
  • Can standard Part be used ?
  • Would an altered standard part be economical ?
key areas


Standard Parts

Number of parts





Process Lead time

Key Areas
generalized procedure for va ve
Generalized Procedure for VA/VE

Information Phase

What is it?

What does it do?

What does it cost?

How else can the job be done?

At what cost?

Speculation Phase

Is the change better?

How much better?


Analysis Phase

Review with depts and suppliers

Select best alternative

Get approval

Prepare specifications

Decision Phase

Audit effectiveness

Use experience

Provide feedback

Evaluation Phase

analysis of each component
Analysis of Each Component
  • Can any part be eliminated without impairing the operation of the complete unit?
  • Can the design of the part be simplified to reduce its basic cost?
  • Can the design of the part be changed to permit the use of simplified or less costly production methods?
  • Can less expensive but equally satisfactory materials be used in the part?
  • Design simplifications frequently are more apparent than is possible under the original design
the value engineering checklist
The Value Engineering Checklist
  • Can the item be eliminated?
  • If the item is not standard, can a standard item be used?
  • If it is a standard item, does it completely fit the application, or is it a misfit?
  • Does the item have greater capacity than required?
  • Can the weight be reduced?
  • Is there a similar item in inventory that could be substituted?
  • Are closer tolerances specified than are necessary?
the value engineering checklist1
The Value Engineering Checklist
  • Can you make the item less expensively in your plant? If you are making it now, can you buy it for less?
  • Can cost of packaging be reduced?
  • Are suppliers contributing suggestions to reduce cost?
when is ve used
When is VE used
  • Value Engineering is used to determine the bestdesign alternatives for Projects, Processes, Products, or Services
  • Value Engineering is used to reduce cost on existing Projects, Processes, Products, or Services.
  • Value Engineering is used to improve quality, increase reliability and availability, and customer satisfaction .
  • Value Engineering is also used to improve organizational performance.
  • Value Engineering is a powerful tool used to identify problems and develop recommended solutions.
benefits of ve
Benefits of VE
  • Decreasing costs
  • Increasing profits
  • Improving quality
  • Expanding market share
  • Saving time
  • Solving problems
  • Using resources more effectively
ve s weaknesses
VE’s Weaknesses
  • Successful VE results are dependent on the quality of information brought to the VE workshop for evaluation.
  • VE is not time oriented, but, product oriented. Thus, improvements in production activities are not readily recognized.
  • There are many misunderstandings and biases against VE that have been built up over time due to misuse of the methodology.
    • “It cheapens the product without improving it.”
    • “VE is only used for cost reduction.”
potential savings from ve

Net Savings from VE

Total Cost of VE Implementation

VE Implementation beyond this point results in a net loss.

Engineering &Production Release




Potential Savings from VE
competitive advantage



Competitive Advantage

Quality is defined as “conformance to specification.”

Value is defined as:

You can’t have one without the other!

Competitive Advantage = Quality + Value