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Every Georgian Counts : Understanding Homelessness in Your Community. Who Are Georgia’s Homeless?. Unsheltered Homeless * Streets * Camping * Car * Substandard Housing *. Sheltered Homeless * Emergency Shelter * Transitional Housing * Motel Vouchers *. Precariously Housed

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who are georgia s homeless
Who Are Georgia’s Homeless?

Unsheltered Homeless

* Streets * Camping * Car * Substandard Housing *

Sheltered Homeless

* Emergency Shelter * Transitional Housing * Motel Vouchers *

Precariously Housed

* Doubled Up * Motels *

definitions
Definitions
  • Sheltered Homeless Persons
    • People who reside in an emergency shelter or in transitional/supportive housing for homeless persons
  • Unsheltered Homeless Persons
    • People who reside in a place not meant for human habitation, such as cars, parks, sidewalks, abandoned buildings, encampments, dilapidated buildings [or who face eminent homelessness from eviction]
  • Precariously Housed Persons
    • People who are temporarily staying with

family or friends due to loss of

housing or economic hardship

    • People who are living in motel

situations due to loss of

housing or economic hardship

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

who is at risk for becoming homeless
Who is at risk for becoming homeless?
  • People with low incomes
    • 1.3 million living in poverty in Georgia
    • 595,665 people in Georgia have incomes ½ the poverty level
    • Georgia’s Housing Wage: $29,084
  • People with personal vulnerabilities
    • Mental illness
    • Substance abuse
    • Family violence
statewide estimates
Statewide Estimates
  • Data compiled from 2007 and 2008 counts
  • Model for unsheltered homeless plus shelter count
  • Over 20,000 people at a single point in time
  • Estimated that over 75,000 people will be homeless in Georgia sometime during the year
why does this matter
Why Does This Matter?

Reasons to Understand Homelessness in your Community

  • Increased Funding/Resources
  • Long Term Community Planning
  • Development of a Ten Year Plan
  • Hidden Costs
  • Economic Benefits
  • Community Collaboration
  • Awareness
costs of homelessness
Costs of homelessness
  • Study of Athens hospitals (Athens Regional and St. Mary's) – 576 homeless people made 7,000 visits in 2005
  • $2.4 million spent in 2005 by Athens hospitals
  • Burke County – night of January 27, 2008

112 inmates/25 were homeless

overview of common methods to understand homelessness in your community
Overview of Common Methods to Understand Homelessness in Your Community
  • Service Count
    • Surveys collected by service providers over a designated period of time asking about homelessness on a certain night
  • Street Count
    • One night census of unsheltered living on streets and in woods
  • In-depth Survey
    • Administered to a sample of individuals asking detailed questions
  • Homeless Management Information Systems
    • Collects information about individuals/families served
service count methodology for unsheltered and precariously housed
Service Count Methodology for Unsheltered and Precariously Housed
  • Housing screening surveys administered at service locations and other places where homeless people congregate or live
  • Point In Time
  • Surveys collected during the following week
january 2008 service count dalton whitfield
January 2008 Service Count: Dalton-Whitfield
  • Collected 417 surveys
  • Identified 180 homeless persons
  • 40 agencies throughout the county participated
  • Part of the work of the Committee for Housing Stability (created in 2005)
  • Count part of larger community effort to work cooperatively to address housing issues
  • Lead agency – Dalton/Whitfield County Community Development Corporation
street count methodology atlanta
Street Count Methodology: Atlanta
  • One night canvassing of City
  • Volunteers, Service Providers and Formerly Homeless Individuals participate
  • Collects a count of any individuals/families that are obviously unsheltered on the night of the count
    • Sleeping on the streets, in cars or in structures not suitable for human habitation
  • Individuals/Families are not approached and all demographics are collected based on observation only
mixed methodology gwinnett county
Mixed Methodology: Gwinnett County
  • Surveys administered at service locations
  • Collected surveys at locations where homeless individuals/families were known to stay
  • Collected surveys at hotel/motels where they knew families were living
  • Planning an in-depth survey with a sample of individuals/families based on results of service based count
january 2008 homeless count surveys
January 2008 Homeless Count Surveys
  • 1578 surveys collected (by DCA and in 33 counties)
  • 2,041 people

Housing Status

how many are homeless in georgia
How many are homeless in Georgia?
  • Data compiled from 2007 and 2008 counts
  • About 20,400 people at a single point in time
  • About 75,000 people will be homeless in Georgia sometime during the year
costs of homelessness18
Costs of homelessness
  • Study of Athens hospitals (Athens Regional and St. Mary’s) – 576 homeless people made 7,000 visits in 2005
  • $2.4 million spent in 2005 by Athens hospitals
  • Burke County – night of January 27, 2008

112 inmates/25 were homeless

2009 homeless count
2009 Homeless Count

Objective -- Count of homeless families and individuals

  • Understand the scope of

the problem locally and

statewide

  • HUD requirement for

McKinney-Vento Programs

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

why participate not in order of importance
Why Participate? (not in order of importance)
  • Learn more about housing issues in your community
  • Build a housing and social services team around a concrete activity
  • Build your case for funding
  • Get ready for the 2010 Census
  • Build community support
  • Develop data for local comprehensive plans and consolidated plans (entitlement communities)

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

count methodology for unsheltered and precariously housed
Count Methodology for Unsheltered and Precariously Housed
  • Housing screening surveys administered at service locations and other places where homeless people congregate or live
  • Point In Time – January 25, 2009
  • Surveys collected during the following week
  • DCA will arrange for data input and analysis of surveys

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

questionnaire
Questionnaire
  • Designed to be administered by staff or by volunteers
  • No more than 10 minutes
  • Questions to help with

problem of duplication

  • Housing status questions
  • Family members
  • Special circumstances

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

who is surveyed
Who Is Surveyed?

Screening Question: Have you had any difficulty with housing in the past month?

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

where to survey
Where To Survey
  • Where people go for services
  • Where people congregate
  • On the telephone
  • Where people live -- Count people living in dilapidated housing, abandoned trailers, farm buildings, or encampments

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

preparing for the count
Preparing for the Count
  • Potential participating organizations/locations for administering the survey
    • DFACS
    • Housing Authority
    • Food Pantries and Soup Kitchens
    • Clothing Programs
    • Shelters
    • Community Service Boards
    • Health Department
    • Nonprofits
    • Day Labor Sites

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

other contacts
Other contacts
  • Local government
  • Police Chief and Sheriff
  • Media
  • Churches
  • Family Connections
  • School and hospital social workers
  • Others

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

what a successful count needs
What a Successful Count Needs
  • All of the identified organizations on-board and organized to collect the surveys
  • Trained staff and volunteers
  • Community support
  • Planning well in advance of PIT
  • Incentives for some locations

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

timeline
Timeline
  • Decision to Count – August 2008
  • Count Coordinator Training – September 2009
  • Monthly Conference Calls – October-December 2008
  • Training Volunteers – January 2009
  • Count – January 26-January 30 (PIT Jan. 25)
  • Submit Data – February 2009
  • Results Back – May 2009
contact lindsey stillman lstillma@dca state ga us 404 327 6813

Contact: Lindsey Stillmanlstillma@dca.state.ga.us404-327-6813

Want to be part of the 2009 count?

2009 Georgia Homeless Count

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