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Hebrews, Phoenicians, and Lydians. Lesson 4. The worship of one God. Monotheism. Was a shepherd that was instructed by God to leave his home and resettle in a new land called Canaan.

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Presentation Transcript
abraham

Was a shepherd that was instructed by God to leave his home and resettle in a new land called Canaan.

Considered by Jewish people today to be the first Jew or founder of Judaism. Judaism was one of the first monotheistic religions.

abraham
jerusalem

The capital of Israel

Place of worship and a place to house the Torah.

jerusalem
torah

The Hebrew Bible consisting of 5 books.

These 5 books were believed to be given to Moses, by God, at the same time that Moses received the 10 Commandments.

The Torah is believed to be too Holy to touch. The Torah is held by the handles and a pointer called the yad is used to keep the place.

torah
moses

Moses was chosen by God to lead the Hebrews out of Egypt, and slavery, and bring them across the Sinai Desert to freedom.

Was given the

10 Commandments by God

moses
ten commandments

A set of laws given to Moses by God.

Provides guidance for the worship of God.

Set rules of Moral behavior.

Ten commandments
lydians

Lived in western Asia.

Inventors of the first coins, which made trade easier.

Lydians
deborah

Female Hebrew Judge

who encouraged a military

leader to gather the

people of Israel to attack

the Canaanites.

Deborah
solomon

The son of David

and King of Israel.

Solomon
covenant

An agreement

Abraham agreed to worship only one God

God agreed to look after the welfare

of Abraham and his people (Hebrews)

covenant
slide25

How are the Phoenician alphabet and cuneiform writing different?

How did the Phoenicians link many parts of the ancient world?

Why do you think Solomon was considered to be a wise ruler?

slide26

How are the Phoenician alphabet and cuneiform writing different?

The Phoenician alphabet consisted of 22 simple characters. Cuneiform writing consisted of about 700 symbols that stood for words and symbols.

slide27

How did the Phoenicians link many parts of the ancient world?

They established trading posts linking neighboring peoples and developed a system of writing.

slide28

Why do you think Solomon was considered to be a wise ruler?

King Solomon maintained peace and a prosperous kingdom. He also formed a trade partnership with the Phoenicians.

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