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Organization of American States (OAS). Overview of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD). Emily Holman Demand Reduction Unit. OAS. Headquartered in Washington, D.C. Oldest international regional organization Caribbean independent nations are OAS member states

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Organization of American States (OAS)

Overview of theInter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)

Emily HolmanDemand Reduction Unit

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

slide2
OAS
  • Headquartered in Washington, D.C.
  • Oldest international regional organization
  • Caribbean independent nations are OAS member states
  • Recently, cooperation agreement signed with the U.K. to promote the inclusion of overseas territories in CICAD activities (2004)

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD/OAS Member States

Antigua & Barbuda

Argentina

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Bolivia

Brazil

Canada

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Dominica

Ecuador

El Salvador

Grenada

Guatemala

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Jamaica

Mexico

Nicaragua

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Republica Dominicana

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vicent and the Grenadines

Suriname

Trinidad and Tobago

United States

Uruguay

Venezuela

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD

  • Established by the OAS General Assembly in 1986 based upon the recommendation made in the Inter-American Program Action of Rio de Janeiro.
  • The government of each of the 34 OAS member states assigns a high-ranking representative to the Commission.
  • The Commission meets twice yearly in the CICAD meetings – upcoming 36th regular session in December.
  • CICAD Executive Secretariat is housed in OAS headquarters.

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD -Objetivos

  • Promover la cooperación regional y la coordinación entre los 34 países miembros a través de Programas de Acción para:
    • Prevenir y tratar el consumo ilícito de drogas
    • Reducir la oferta y el tráfico ilícito de drogas
    • Fortalecer las instituciones y mecanismos nacionales para el control del abuso de drogas
    • Mejorar el sistema legal y de control de tráfico ilícito de armas y lavado de activos
    • Promover el desarrollo alternativo en zonas de cultivos ilícitos
    • Ayudar a los gobiernos de los países miembros en la recolección y análisis de datos sobre el problema de las drogas

ESTRATEGIA ANTIDROGAS EN EL HEMISFERIO (1997)

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD Executive Secretariat

  • The Secretariat in D.C. is structured according to the following action areas:
  • Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism
  • Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID)
  • Alternative Development
  • Legal Development
  • Institutional Strengthening
  • Money Laundering Control
  • Demand Reduction
  • Supply Reduction

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM)

  • Evaluate drug situation and anti-drug programs of each member state (reports on a two-year cycle)
  • Hemispheric evaluation
  • Follows the progress of individual or collective efforts of participating member states, indicating results obtained as well as obstacles confronting each.

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

cicad multilateral evaluation mechanism mem
CICAD – Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM)

MEM Indicators related to offenders:

  • No. 8 – Prevention for specialized populations
  • No. 12 – Standards for drug treatment
  • No. 13 – T & R and aftercare/social reinsertion
  • No. 16C – Prevalence in specific populations (arrestees, incarcerated offenders)
  • No. 22 – Drug use and related crime
  • No. 44 – Charged for illicit posession (includes question about alternative sentencing)
  • Public reports  on the web at www.cicad.oas.org

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD – Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM)

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

mem requests for assistance
MEM – Requests for Assistance
  • Member states may request assistance from the MEM in order to comply with reiterated recommendations
  • First-round assistance: three projects for incarcerated offenders
    • Peru
    • St. Vincent and the Grenadines
    • Guatemala

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

national drug plans
National Drug Plans
  • How do they include plans for prison populations?
  • Many of these were advised by the CICAD institutional building unit

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD – Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID)

  • The mission of the OID is to create a drug information network for the Americas, to provide information which is objective, updated, viable, and cross-comparable data.
  • OBJETIVOS
  • Respaldar el desarrollo, por parte de los gobiernos, de una capacidad de investigación nacional en epidemiología del consumo de drogas
  • Consolidar el sistema SIDUC (Inter-American Drug Use Data System project) en las Américas como metodología común de bajo costo que puede ser asumida por los gobiernos nacionales y que proporciona datos oportunos sobre un fenómeno que cambia rápidamente
  • Mejorar y ampliar CICDAT
  • Interpretación de los datos y utilización de los resultados de las investigaciones
  • Apoyo a los sistemas nacionales de información sobre drogas
  • Preparación de proyectos de investigación

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD – Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID)

Collaboration with the French Observatory on Drugs and Martinique

2003-2004 Round 1: Focus Assessment Studies

2005-2005 Round 2: Studies in prisons

Surveys in Detention Centers

1992-1993 – Two rounds completed in seven member states

Surveys in Prisons Centers

2005 – Tentative to be carried out in one member state in 2005

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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CICAD – Expert Group on Demand Reduction

Created by CICAD mandate in 1997: (1) research programs and models (2) prevention and education (3) treatment and rehabilitation

1998 – Mexico – Minimum Standards

2000 – Chile – Emerging drugs (synthetics) and heroin threat and community-based drug abuse prevention programs

2001 – Jamaica – Standards of Care

All past documents available on the CICAD website – best point for interchange with Spanish-speaking member states regarding specialized demand reduction issues.

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

cicad demand reduction brief history of involvement in the caribbean
CICAD Demand Reduction Brief history of involvement in the Caribbean
  • Caribbean Regional Certificate programme in Addictions Studies (UWI Certificate in Addictions Studies)
  • Eight UWI centers: Barbados, Bahamas, BVI, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Project received outstanding evaluations
  • But UNDCP funding ended in 1999; in 2000 CICAD and CAMH (formerly ARF) used balance plus CICAD funds to develop curriculum packages and training videos on counselling skills, pharmacology and drug abuse, prevention programming theories, models and techniques, and addictions interventions (to be made available in early 2001)
  • Continued its support in 2000
  • 2002 with Caricom and Caridin to improve DR programming and execution

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

cicad regional planning caricom
CICAD – Regional Planning/CARICOM
  • 2002 with Caricom and Caridin to improve DR programming and execution
  • 2001 begain joint planning with Caricom for 5-year DR strategy: Sept. 17-18, 2001 – Guyana – Sub-Regional Demand Reduction Forum – to bring together individuals from the Caribbean member state to discuss the findings of the UK-financed needs assessment
  • Oct. 2001 – these recommendations (from Sept.) were submitted to the COHSOD V
  • Dec. 2001 Heads of Govt -- ??

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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Standards of Care in Drug Treatment

  • OBJECTIVOS:
  • Began in 1998 : CICAD and PAHO agreed to provide technical and financial assistance on the national level
  • Designed to help governments develop a consensus in the national health care community around the desirability of establishing minimum standards of care, and then to implement practices and guidelines. A long-term objective, recommended by the Expert Group (March 1998) is to develop systems of accreditation for tx providers
  • PAHO has provided expertise and support
  • 1998-1999: Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Uruguay
  • 2001 – English version of manual used as ref. with Experts in Jamaica
  • Barbados
  • How would/wouldn’t this cover prisoners?

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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La CICAD y el PNSD de España convocan a universidades de Iberoamerica que cuentan con estudios presenciales de postgrado sobre Drogodependencias y crea:

Universidad de Deusto, España

Fundación Universitaria Luis Amigó, Colombia

Unired Drogas

Universidades Participantes en la Maestría

Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal, Perú

Universidad Estatal a Distancia, Costa Rica

Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Perú

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, España

Universidad Nacional Experimental Simón Rodríguez, Venezuela

Universidad Miguel Hernández, España

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

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Objetivos de la Red Iberoamericana de Universidades con Postgrado en Drogodependencias

  • mejora de la calidad, cobertura y especialización de la formación en drogodependencias.
  • intercambio inter-universitario permanente: actualización de conocimientos, contenidos curriculares, investigación, programas y estudios, estudiantes y profesores.
  • actuar como foro abierto en el que se promueve la incorporación de nuevas universidades iberoamericanas.

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia

what cicad is expecting from this workshop
What CICAD is expecting from this workshop
  • Identify priority area
  • Identify immediate-term action plan
  • Report back to CICAD by Jan. 31st on how first steps are going
  • Country, binational, subregional, or regional proposals for follow-up activities accepted early 2005

Effective Substance Abuse Programming for Offenders Nov. 22-24, 2004 St. Lucia