Summarizing for Learning. Kristina Perez November 13, 2012. Summarizing for Learning. Who? Three sections of high school algebra II students. What? The goal of the action research is to improve students’ ability to summarize material from their notes. .
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November 13, 2012
Who? Three sections of high school algebra II students.
What? The goal of the action research is to improve students’ ability to summarize material from their notes.
Summarization in Any Subject, Wormeli R., 2005
What Influences Students’ Need for Remediation in College? Evidence from California, Howell J.
From: The Journal of Higher Education , Volume 82, Number 3, May/June 2011pp. 292-318 | 10.1353/jhe.2011.0014
Only 23% of the students who take the EAP in English and 58% of the math participants are deemed "ready for college”.1
Trying to record all of what is heard or read uses too much memory to leave room for synthesizing.
Teachers should encourage students to continually add to the notes and revise them as their understanding of content deepens and sharpens.
If students have systematically elaborated on their notes, they can provide a powerful form of review.
There is a strong correlation between the amount of information taken in notes and students’ achievement on examinations.
Title of Notes
Essential Question: (You can create this from the
Include the Essence:
Include the details, definitions, illustrations, notes, examples
Include only the most important information, answer the essential question.
Explicitly teach format
Regularly allow students time to reflect on their notes in class.
Gradual Release of responsibility including think-aloud
Sentence frames for students who are struggling
- Minimum 3 sentences
- Answer the essential question:
How can I add, subtract, and multiply complex numbers?
I can add complex numbers by ____________________________. I can subtract complex numbers by _________________________
________________. I can multiply complex numbers by ________ __________________________________. The process of adding, subtracting, and multiplying complex numbers is similar to ______________________________________________________.
Many of my students do not hold on to their notes as long as they should or use them for studying as much as they should.