Marbury vs. Madison Kristi Friese2/29/2012APUSHBlock 3 1803
Issues • John Adams promised jobs to people before the end of his term. • When Jefferson came into office, he told James Madison to deny the people their jobs. • William Marburysued Madison when he was told. • Case went to the Supreme Court.
William Marbury • Designated by John Adams (current president) to be a justice of peace near the end of Madisons term. • When Jefferson was elected into office, he ordered Madison not to deliver the jobs. • Marbury petitioned the Supreme Court for a writ of mandamus (legal order).
James Madison • Secretary of State during Jefferson's presidency. • Was told by Jefferson not to finalize the last-minute appointees made by John Adams. • Sued by Marbury for job promised by Adams.
Chief Justice Marshall • Did Marbury have the right to petition for the writ? • Did the laws of the U.S allow the courts to grant the writ Marbury asked for ? • If they did, could they issue such a writ? • Presided over the case. • Had three questions to answer.
Decision #1 • Marbury had a right to the writ of mandamus. Ruled Marbury had been properly appointed by Madison. Proper procedures established by laws.
Decision #2 • He had a legal right. • Law must give him a solution • Up to the courts to protect the rights of the people .
Decision #3 • Ruled that they could not grant the legal order. • Judiciary Act of 1789 – Section 13 • Granted them the right to do so. • But extended the original jurisdiction. • Power to bring cases to Supreme Court. • Under Article 3 Congress exceeds its authority. • States that it only applies to cases “ affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls” and “in which the state shall be party”. • Article 5 states the Constitution is the “supreme law of the land”. • Courts obligation to uphold the Constitution when in conflict.
Significance of the Case • After this, the Supreme Court began to become and equal branch of the government. • Equal to Congress and the President • Marshall’s opinion is cited whenever the Court needs to affirm its legitimacy.