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Chapter 2. Nouns!. Key Concepts for Sept. 2. Case (nom., gen., dat., acc., abl., voc.) Declension “To decline” First declension Preposition Gender. In English…. How do we know what a subject, object, indirect object, predicate, object of the preposition, and possessive are?

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Chapter 2


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chapter 2

Chapter 2

Nouns!

key concepts for sept 2
Key Concepts for Sept. 2
  • Case (nom., gen., dat., acc., abl., voc.)
  • Declension
  • “To decline”
  • First declension
  • Preposition
  • Gender
in english
In English…
  • How do we know what a subject, object, indirect object, predicate, object of the preposition, and possessive are?
  • E.G. Marla is Bob’s doctor and sells organs to shady people on the internet.
in latin
In Latin…
  • We use CASES
nominative
Nominative

1) SUBJECT of sentence

“Marla is giving Bob a kidney”

“Doctors give organs in hospitals”

2) PREDICATE NOMINATIVE with LINKING VERB

“Marlais a quack”

genitive
Genitive
  • Possession (translate as “____‘s” or “of ___”
  • Bob’s kidney failed/The kidney of Bob failed 
dative
Dative
  • Indirect object of verb (translate “to” or “for” ______)
  • Marla is giving (to) Bob a kidney
  • Hospitals are for the sick
accusative
Accusative
  • Direct Object of the main verb
  • AND certain prepositions
  • Marla gave a kidney.
ablative
Ablative
  • EVERYTHING ELSE!
  • Especially prepositions: (in, on, at+ablative)
  • Marla works on the blackmarket.
  • Marla works with a scalpel.
  • *prepositional interlude*
vocative
Vocative
  • Direct address case.
  • Bob, give me your kidney!
practice
Practice
  • Bob, give the kidney to Marla with her scalpel.
declining nouns
DECLINING nouns
  • Dictionary form:

Porta, portae—gate

Portanominative

Portaegen.

Vocabulary interlude!

gender
Gender
  • Every noun has a GENDER.
    • masculine, feminine and neuter
  • Almost all 1st declension nouns are FEMININE (because ladies first!)
declining nouns1
DECLINING nouns
  • Find the base: take the 2nd dictionary ending and drop the genitive ending
  • add the endings
endings for first declension
Endings for first declension
  • nominative- a ae
  • genitive- aeārum
  • dative- aeīs
  • accusative- am ās
  • ablative- āīs
  • vocative- a ae
try porta portae
Try porta, portae

Nominative- Porta (port) Portae

Genitive- Portae (of the port) Portārum

Dative- Portae (to/for the port) Portīs

Accusative- Portam (port) Portās

Ablative- Portā (b/w/f the port) Portīs

Vocative- Porta (port!) Portae

prepositonal pause ii
Prepositonal Pause II
  • Motion toward the prepositional OBJECT=ACCUSATIVE

Erro in villam

  • Motion @ the prepositional OBJECT =ABLATIVE
  • Erro in villā
key concepts
Key Concepts
  • Adjectives
  • “To agree”
  • “To modify”
mandatory macrons
MANDATORY Macrons
  • 2nd conjugation theme vowel
  • Ablative singular for first declension
adjectives
Adjectives
  • Definition:
  • An adjective adds information about a noun or pronouns
in latin1
In Latin….
  • Adjectives decline like nouns….BUT
  • They AGREE with whatever noun they MODIFY in CASE (nom. gen.), NUMBER (sg. or pl.) and GENDER (m.f. or n.)
adjectives are tripartite
Adjectives are tripartite
  • Adjectives always have three different versions—why??
    • Ex. Magnus (masculine), magna (feminine), and magnum (neuter)
    • Vocabulary interlude!
finding the base of your adjective
Finding the base of your adjective

1) Go to the feminine form of the adj.

  • Magnus, magna, magnum

2) DROP OFF ENDING

  • Magn-

3) Make the adjective agree with its noun in gender, number, and case

Magna, magnae, magnae, magnam, etc.

slide24
NB!

Masculine Professionalism rule:

Nouns that indicate professions in the FIRST DECLENSION are masculine even though they have feminine LOOKING endings: e.g.

POETA, POETAE-MASCULINE

NAUTA, NAUTAE-MASCULINE

noun adjective pairing
Noun adjective pairing

Nominative- Mea PuellaMeaePuellae

Genitive- MeaePuellaeMeārumPuellārum

Dative- MeaePuellaeMeīsPuellīs

Accusative- MeamPuellamMeāsPuellās

Ablative- MeāPuellāMeīsPuellīs

Vocative- Mea PuellaMeaePuellae

*NB: You will have to “Noun-adjective pair” on a test