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Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Created by: Sarah London, Nutritionist OmegaPure, a division of Omega Protein, Inc . Types of Dietary Fat. Dietary Fats. At least one double bond. Fully saturated with hydrogen bonds. Unsaturated Fat. Saturated Fat. More than 2 double bonds. 1 double bond.

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omega 3 fatty acids

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Created by:

Sarah London, Nutritionist

OmegaPure, a division of Omega Protein, Inc

types of dietary fat
Types of Dietary Fat

Dietary Fats

At least one double bond

Fully saturated with hydrogen bonds

Unsaturated Fat

Saturated Fat

More than 2 double bonds

1 double bond



Oleic (Olive Oil)

  • Omega-6
  • Linoleic
  • Arachiodonic
  • GLA
  • CLA
  • Omega-3
  • Alpha-Linoleic
  • EPA
  • DPA
  • DHA


Peanut oil, coconut

oil, animal fat, and



Nuts, avocados, tea

sea oil, and olive oil

  • Polyunsaturated Fish, grains such as flaxseed and cereal
  • Trans
  • Partially hydrogenised fats like margarine and baking shortening
imbalance of omega 6 to omega 3 in the western diet
Current Western Diet 25:1, but could reach 50:1 in individuals consuming mostly processed foods.

Omega-6 promotes inflammation and heart conditions.

Imbalance of Omega-6 to Omega-3 in the Western Diet

Paleolithic Diet (1:2)

Current Western Diet (25:1)

Recommended Diet (4:1)







Bourre JM, Dumont O, Piciotti M, Clement M, et al. “Essentiality of n-3 fatty acids for brain structure and function”. World Rev Nutr Diet 66(1991) 103-17; Holub BJ. “Omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular care”. CMAJ 166(2002) 608-15


Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-6 Fatty Acids


  • Contain EPA and DHA
  • that are essential for:
  • Proper growth and development
  • Metabolic processes
  • Inhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells.
  • Allows for better communication between cells.
  • Omega-6 are involved in:
    • Production of inflammation
    • Regulation of cholesterol metabolism
    • Creates structure in cell membranes


Fish oil (EPA and DHA), green leafy vegetables and algae (DHA only)


Safflower oil, Sunflower oil,

Corn oil, Sesame oil, Soybean oil, Wheatgerm oil, Evening Primrose oil, Walnuts

Allport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, 2006.


Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease

“…evidence suggests an association between consumption of fatty acids in fish and reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease for the general population.” 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

American Heart Association

“Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown in epidemiological and clinical trials to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease.” Kris Etherton, P

  • Number 1 killer of Americans today
  • 2 out of 5 American deaths caused by cardiovascular disease

Kris Etherton, P. et al. Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation, 2002; 106:2747.


EPA and DHA Recommendations

  • The US National Institute of Health
    • 650 mg/day of EPA and DHA and 2 grams/day of omega-3 fatty acids
    • Limit omega-6 fatty acid to 4 gm/day.

Omega-3 fatty acids are long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and contain the essential nutrients EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid).

Types of omega-3 fatty acids:

  • Alpha linolenic acid (ALA)
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA)
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)
  • Docosapentaenoic (DPA)
  • EPA and DHA are essential for:
  • Proper growth and development
  • Metabolic processes
  • Inhibit free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells.
the importance of epa and dha
Improves blood platelet functionality

Reduces inflammation

Reduces occurrence of heart attacks

Necessary for transport of nutrients through cell membranes

Improves blood flow

The Importance of EPA and DHA



  • Promotes proper cell turnover
  • Supports healthy development of blood cells
  • Assists in the creation of blood vessels
  • Inhibits free forming fatty acids from destroying healthy cells
fish oil is the best source for omega 3 epa and dha
Fish Oil is the Best Source for Omega- 3 EPA and DHA
  • ALA source (Alpha-Linoleic Acid):
  • Have to be converted by the body into EPA and DHA
  • Less than 1% of DHA and EPA from ALA is absorbed due to loss during conversion
  • Algae source:
  • Algae only contains DHA
  • Does not contain the essential nutrient EPA
  • Fish oil source:
  • Contains EPA and DHA
  • 100% bioavailable- effective immediately for 100% absorption

Pawlosky, Robert J. “Physiological compartmental analysis of alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in adult humans”. Journal of Lipid Research. 42,(2001): 1257-65

ala conversion process
ALA Conversion Process

Chloroplast in dark green vegetables, walnuts, and flaxseeds

Short chain



Converts to

Converts back and forth

Converts to

Intermediate Molecules




Cold water fish, fish oil, free range chicken and eggs, grass fed beef and wild game; fresh seaweed (DHA only)


Daily Recommendations for Long Chain Omega-3

Minimum Recommended:


Typical Omega-3 fatty acid intake in the U.S: 100mg

health studies
Health Studies
  • Brain Development:IQ, Dyslexia, Dementia, Alzheimer’s, ADD/ADHD, Depression and Suicide, Aggression, Anxiety
  • Neurological: Bi-Polar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Autism, Multiple Sclerosis, Lou Gehrig’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease
  • Cardiovascular and Circulatory Systems: Atherosclerosis, Triglycerides, Cholesterol, Angina, Heart Attack,

Arrhythmias, Stroke, Hypertension, Cardiovascular & Coronary Heart Disease

  • Respiratory System: Asthma, Emphysema, Cystic Fibrosis, ARDS, Chronic Lung Disease,
  • Skeletal and Muscular System: Tooth Loss, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Bone Density, Joint Health, Fibromyalgia
  • Dermatological System: Acne, Eczema, Psoriasis
  • Digestive System: Ulcers, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Chron’s Disease, Intestinal Disorders
  • Immune System: AIDS, Lupus, Autoimmune Diseases
  • Reproductive System: Prostate Health, Breastfeeding, Pregnancy, Menopause, HPV, PMS
  • Endocrine System: Diabetes
  • Urinary System: Kidney’s, Hemodialysis
  • Cancer: Breast, Prostate, Colorectal, Kidney, Liver, Lymph, Colon, Lung
  • Weight Control
  • Vision: Cataracts, Dry Eye, Macular Degeneration, Retinopathy
scientific research omega 3 and health
Scientific Research- Omega-3 and Health

This is simply a list of the health benefits

associated with EPA and DHA found in fish oil.

To learn more about each health concern and the

benefits of omega-3, please visit our online library

of information of health concerns and discover

how omega-3 can create a lifetime of health.


The excessive consumption of omega-6 fatty acids:

  • Promote the excessive production of eicosanoids (inflammation)
  • Increased production of free radicals
  • Compete with enzymes of metabolic pathways creating a host of medical problems.
  • Increased susceptibility to lipid oxidation
  • Stimulates neoplastic cell growth in culture
  • Impairs insulin activity
why the excess consumption
Why the excess consumption?

Consumer barriers to healthy living:

Food Industry’s Contribution:

  • Cost Efficient
  • Easier production
  • Shelf stability
  • Longer shelf life
  • Ability to market low-

saturated fat

  • Lack of time
  • Love to eat their favorite foods
  • The expense
  • Confusion with health claims
  • Not interested in exercise

Functional Food Solution

  • Multiple small changes contribute to significant health rewards
  • Simple substitutions are key to nutrient dense foods leading to better overall health
  • Replace your typical product with one enriched with omega-3

Euromonitor International 2007


Maximize Your Health

Take an omega-3 supplement

Eat more oily fish

Reduce omega-6 consumption

Restoring Balance

  • Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables
  • Consume oils with a healthy balance of omega-3 to omega-6
  • Eat a variety of fatty fish: tuna, salmon, mackerel
  • Eat omega-3 fortified foods
  • Avoid hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils- trans fat
  • Choose free range chicken, beef, bison, pork and other wild game
  • Use fish oil supplements rich in EPA and DHA

Allport, Susan. The Queen of Fats. London: University of California, 2006.


Market Evolution

Percent increase:






* These numbers include flax

Source: Packaged Facts: Omega-3 Foods and the U.S. Food and Beverage Market, March 2007


Omega Protein, Inc

  • Omega Protein is the world’s largest

processor of fish oil - OmegaPure.

  • Vertically integrated from catch through production.
  • Omega Protein owns 40 fishing vessels and 38 spotter planes.
  • State-of-the-art fish oil refinery produces OmegaPure from herring (menhaden) caught in U.S. waters.
  • OmegaPure Technology and Innovation Center (OPTIC) established for product development.
  • Publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (OME).

For more information on omega-3 fatty acids, EPA/DHA, the industry, or OmegaProtein, please contact me at:

2105 City West Blvd., Suite 500

Houston, Texas 77042-2838

Direct Line:713-940-6108