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MWH Corning March 2010. War in the Pacific. Japan’s military leaders wanted an empire like the European nations had 1931 – Japanese troops moved from Manchuria into NE China 1937 – Second Sino –Japanese War Used a lot of resources, Japan looked at the rich European colonies in SE Asia.

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japan s expansion in asia

Japan’s military leaders wanted an empire like the European nations had

  • 1931 – Japanese troops moved from Manchuria into NE China
  • 1937 – Second Sino –Japanese War
    • Used a lot of resources, Japan looked at the rich European colonies in SE Asia
JAPAN’S Expansion in Asia
what about the u s

The U.S. felt that their colonies in the Philippines and Guam were threatened

  • Sent aid to China to resist Japanese
  • 1941 – Japan invades French Indochina
    • Pres. Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments
  • Admiral Yamamoto calls for an attack on Pearl Harbor (Hawaii)
  • Dec 1941 – Japanese attacked
    • Congress declares war on Japan and its allies
    • Internment of Japanese Americans - (1942) 110,000 placed in War Relocation Camps, 65% U.S. Citizens
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUrpIFp7EMA&feature=related
What about the U.S.?
other parts of asia

Japan also launched bombing raids on Hong Kong (British colony) and Guam/Wake Islands

  • Invasion force landed in Thailand
  • Jan – April 1942 Japan takes the Philippines
  • Feb 1942 – Japanese strike against British colonies: Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Burma; Dutch East Indies (Indonesia)
    • Treatment of Japanese Prisoners of War
  • By 1942 control 1 million square miles – WHY?
Other parts of Asia
allied counter attack

Battle of Coral Sea (1942)– use of aircraft

Battle of Midway (1942) – turn the tide

General MacArthur’s “Island Hopping” plan – target strategically important islands, moving closer to Japan

Battle of Guadalcanal (1942) – 6 months, Japanese lost 24,000 of 36,000 force

Allied counter-attack
end of the war

By 1944 Japanese Navy was destroyed – only Army and Air Force (kamikaze pilots) in play

  • Feb 1945 – Fire bombing of Tokyo begins (carpet bombing -> non-strategic)
  • March 1945 – American Marines take the island of Iwo Jima (Iwoto)
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Wm7ADffYzo
  • April 1945 – Okinawa – Japanese lost 100,000 troops, US 10,000
  • Next step – invasion of Japan but that would come at a cost
End of the war
hiroshima nagasaki

Pres Truman needed to decide to commit about .5 million troops or use a new weapon – the Atomic bomb

  • Ultimatum – unconditional surrender of Japan
    • Emperor no longer divine
  • Aug 6, 1945 – Ebola Gay – dropped Atomic bomb on Hiroshima – 80,000 people killed but “injuries” continue until today
  • Aug 9, 1945 – second bomb on Nagasaki
  • Japanese surrender Sept 2, 1945
  • Video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NF4LQaWJRDg&feature=SeriesPlayList&p=D7F1A06CE1780AD5
Hiroshima/nagasaki