Nutrition. Anatomy & Physiology Mrs. Halkuff. 6 Categories of Nutrients. Carbohydrates Protein Fats Vitamins Minerals Water. Carbohydrates. Sugar & Starches Create ENERGY! Broken down into glucose (sugars) that are used as fuel.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Anatomy & Physiology
Animal protein usually contains high amounts of fat & very little fiber.
Plant proteins usually contain very little fat & large amounts of fiber.
Healthiest to eat small amounts of animal protein in combination with plant proteins
Avoid fat by choosing skim or low-fat milk, low-fat cheese or lean meat.
Component of all cell membranes
Important source of stored energy in your body.
Fat in digestive tract helps absorb fat soluble vitamins.
Essential building blocks but do not provide calories or energy.
Potassium & Sodium: electrically charged chemicals that govern the electrical connections between body tissues.
Zinc, Manganese, & Selenium: Essential for development of cells, healing, & all immune reactions.
Primary component of bones & teeth
Adolescent growth spurt increases skeletal mass and calcium requirements.
If too low, calcium is drawn from bones
Healthy adult absorbs about 30-40% of the calcium in an ordinary diet.
Calcium absorption increases during growth, pregnancy, & breastfeeding.
Dried beans & peas
Dark green leafy vegetables (not spinach)
Calories are a unit of energy.
Males have a higher energy requirements than females
Males have more lean body mass and less adipose when compared to females.
BMI = (weight in pounds x 703 )/height in inches²
1.3: moderately active (exercise 3x a week)
1.7: very active person
1.9: extremely active person (runner, swimmer)