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French Grammar - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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French Grammar. Nouns. Masculine vs. Feminine. Every French noun has a gender- masculine or feminine. Endings can usually determine a gender Masculine Endings: -age –ail –eau – ent – ier – isme Feminine Endings: - eesse – ette – ie –ion – té – ure. Masculine vs. Feminine.

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masculine vs feminine
Masculine vs. Feminine
  • Every French noun has a gender- masculine or feminine.
  • Endings can usually determine a gender
    • Masculine Endings: -age –ail –eau –ent –ier –isme
    • Feminine Endings: -eesse –ette –ie –ion –té –ure
masculine vs feminine1
Masculine vs. Feminine
  • Nouns with a biological gender will usually be represented by the same inherent gender.
  • Some nouns will differentiate by gender. i.e. memoire means either a memoir or memory, depending on the gender.
  • Some nouns change in gender to match the usage.
    • Some change based on endings (See Sparkchart)
    • Some changes are irregular
masculine vs feminine2
Masculine vs. Feminine
  • Some nouns are always masculine or feminine, despite the biological gender of the noun.
  • When it is a mixed gender (as in a group), use the masculine form.
  • Un=Male
  • Une=Female
numbers
Numbers
  • Most nouns form plurals from their singular forms
  • Some nouns only exist in plural forms.
articles1
Articles
  • An article is a small word that qualifies a noun.
definite articles
Definite Articles
  • Definite articles correspond to the. (See chart)
  • Do not omit the definite article in a series of nouns i.e. le crayon, le carnet, la lettre, etc.
  • Use with scholastic subjects, except languages.
  • Use to express general ideas, feelings, or happiness.
  • Use with days of the week
  • Use with certain expressions of days and measures.
indefinite articles
Indefinite Articles
  • The indefinite article refers to a(n) and to some.
  • See chart
  • Omit before an unmodified nationality/profession.
  • Omit in an exclamation.
  • Omit before cent/mille
  • Change to de before a direct object in a negative state