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Operational Risk Management. Bad stuff, bad day…. “I’m not worried about risk, I manage risk.” Yves Rossy, the first person to fly solo across the English Channel using a single jet-propelled wing. Goals of Hazmat Response. Protect Life Environment Property. General Risk Management.

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Operational risk management

Operational Risk Management

Bad stuff, bad day…

Operational risk management

“I’m not worried about risk, I manage risk.”

Yves Rossy, the first person to fly solo across the English Channel using a single jet-propelled wing.

Goals of hazmat response
Goals of Hazmat Response

  • Protect

    • Life

    • Environment

    • Property

General risk management
General Risk Management

  • Take calculated risk to save a life

  • Take a moderate risk to save property

  • Risk nothing to save lives already lost or property already destroyed

Ic has three response options
IC Has Three Response Options

  • Non-intervention

  • Defensive actions

  • Offensive actions

Osha requirement
OSHA Requirement

  • IC must implement “appropriate” option

  • “Appropriate” depends on hazards/risks

  • Process of evaluating risks is called Operational Risk Management (ORM)

Operational risk management1
Operational Risk Management

  • Decision-making process

    • Systematically evaluate possible actions

    • Identify & assess risks & benefits

    • Determine the best course of action

Risk defined
“Risk” Defined

  • The chance of personal injury or property damage or loss

  • Is a function of severity and probability

  • How likely is it that we can get hurt?

Question for you
Question for You

  • How risky is hazmat response?

    • What is the chance of injury?

    • How severe?

    • How likely?

Severity defined
“Severity” Defined

  • An event’s potential consequences in terms of degree of damage, injury, or impact on a mission.

  • How badly can we get hurt?

Hazard defined
“Hazard” Defined

  • Any real or potential condition that can endanger a mission; cause personal injury, illness, or death; or damage equipment or property.

Brief review
Brief Review

  • What are the main hazards to hazmat responders wearing CPC?

Exposure defined
“Exposure” Defined

  • Amount of time, number of cycles, number of people and/or amount of equipment

  • How many times do we have to try this before we get hurt?

Orm principles
ORM Principles

  • Accept no unnecessary risk

  • Accept risk when benefits outweigh costs

  • Make risks decisions at appropriate level

    • This means you!

  • Integrate ORM into IAP

Orm steps
ORM Steps

  • Identify hazards

  • Assess the risk

  • Analyze risk control measures

  • Make control decisions

  • Implement risk control

  • Supervise and review

Hazard identification
Hazard Identification

  • What can go wrong?

    • Equipment

    • Environment

    • People

Risk assessment
Risk Assessment

  • If something goes wrong how will it affect us?

  • Are these risks acceptable?

Risk control measures
Risk Control Measures?

  • Reduce severity

  • Lower probability

  • Reduce exposure

Making control decisions
Making Control Decisions

  • Main decision makers

    • HM Group Supervisor

    • ASO – Hazmat

    • Tech Spec – Hazmat Reference

Implementing risk control
Implementing Risk Control

  • Use Site Safety Plan

Risk identification
Risk Identification

  • Basic recognition clues can help

    • Occupancy/location

    • Container shapes

    • Markings and colors

    • Placards and labels

    • Shipping papers & MSDS

    • Senses

Common risks in hazmat
Common Risks in Hazmat

  • Slips, trips & falls

  • Irritating materials

  • Flammable or explosive materials

  • Oxygen deficient atmospheres

  • Gases & vapors above exposure limit

Ic tasks
IC Tasks

  • ID and avoid unacceptable risks

  • ID, evaluate & control acceptable risks

Bottom line
Bottom Line

  • Recognizing hazards is half the battle

  • You must ID & evaluate the risks from those hazards

Assessing risks
Assessing Risks

  • Acceptable

  • Unacceptable

Hazmat risk assessment
Hazmat Risk Assessment

  • Most frequent risk: heat stress

  • Most severe risk: fire and explosion

Unacceptable hazmat risk
Unacceptable Hazmat Risk

  • Fire

  • Explosion


  • Polymerization

  • Reactive materials

  • High oxygen

Identifying unacceptable risks
Identifying Unacceptable Risks

  • Visible flames and/or smoke

Identifying unacceptable risks1
Identifying Unacceptable Risks

  • Signs of imminent fire/explosion

    • Presence of explosives

    • Flammable gas/vapor in enclosed space

    • High oxygen level

    • Damaged pressure vessels

Identifying unacceptable risks2
Identifying Unacceptable Risks

  • Indications of unacceptable risks

    • Uncontained flammable gas/vapor

    • Toxic gas/vapor in enclosed space

    • Liquids toxic by skin absorption

    • Large quantities of hazmat

    • Ionizing radiation

Situations involving less risk
Situations Involving Less Risk

  • Small quantity of hazmat

  • Non-reactive material with low VP

  • Undamaged unstressed containers

Risk identification1
Risk Identification

  • What was the goal?

  • What were the risks?

  • How could they have met the goal but minimized the risks?

Controlling risk in hazmat
Controlling Risk in Hazmat

  • Basic methods of controlling risk

    • Engineering Controls

    • Administrative Controls

    • Personal Protective Equipment

Engineering controls
Engineering Controls

  • May be damaged by the incident

  • Can’t rely on this in emergency response

Administrative controls
Administrative Controls

  • Developed by SO/ASO-HM

  • Will follow regs, standards & SOGs

  • Expressed by Site Safety Plan

Personal protective equipment
Personal Protective Equipment

  • Main method of reducing exposure in hazmat emergency response

Administrative controls for hazmat
Administrative Controls for Hazmat

  • Scene access controls

  • Work duration management

  • Site Safety Plan

    • Development

    • Implementation

    • Enforcement

Role of so aso hm
Role of SO/ASO-HM

  • Will develop SSP

  • Participates in selection of PPE

  • Has authority to suspend operations

Managing risk
Managing Risk

  • Review exercise scenario

  • What risks are acceptable?

  • Which are unacceptable?