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The Importance of Technology in Education: How South Dakota Is Integrating Technology in Education. Challenges & How SD Solved Them. Why Technology in Education? The South Dakota Problem Wiring SD Schools Connecting SD Schools / the DDN Network

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The Importance of Technology in Education: How South Dakota Is Integrating Technology in Education

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    1. The Importance of Technology in Education: How South Dakota Is Integrating Technology in Education

    2. Challenges & How SD Solved Them • Why Technology in Education? • The South Dakota Problem • Wiring SD Schools • Connecting SD Schools / the DDN Network • TTL Academies & Professor Sabbaticals to Integrate Technology and Education • NSU Center for Statewide E-Learning, Star Schools and DDN Courses • Overcoming and Preventing Problems

    3. Why Technology in Education? 

    4. Equal Footing • Level Playing Field • We Live in an Information Society

    5. The South Dakota Problem 

    6. The World:

    7. The United States:

    8. South Dakota: ( 1 Dot = 15 People)

    9. SD Is A State of Small Schools 176 School Districts 308 Cities/Towns 125,612 K-12 Students 10 Districts in 10 Towns = 57,011 (45%) 166 Districts in 298 Towns = 68,601 (55%) 131 Districts have LESS than 600 students 83 High Schools of the 176 Districts have LESS than 100 students

    10. How Small / Big Are We? ALL of SD Just 15 of the 48 Mpls-St. Paul School Districts 125,612 Students 125,375 77,121 Square Miles 382 9,161 Teachers 7,570

    11. 34 Years: Fall Enrollment Students & Total Staff 17,425 Staff  12,714 Staff + 37% + 4,711 Staff 175,654 Students - 50,042 Students - 28% 125,612 Students  1970 2002

    12. Problem #1:Cost-- $100 million to wire all SD public schoolsProblem #2:Inmates-- Laying around all dayThe Answer:Inmates wire schools

    13. Wiring South Dakota Schools 

    14. SD School District Boundaries 2 Inmate Crews Wiring Now: FALL ‘96 Colman- Egan Hill City

    15. Each School Received: • Cat 5 wire • R 59 TV cable • Fiber optics • Electrical upgrades • Conduit & bridle ring system in place for any future wiring

    16. Who Pays For What? • State paid for: Cat V wire, fiber optics, conduit, rings, electrical wires/panels, inmate salaries, electrician, tools • School paid for: Night security, food, lodging

    17. Inmates: • 10 hour days, 6 days a week • Pay-- $3 a day • Journeymen electricians-- learn wiring & electrical • Crew evaluations weekly • Learn good work habits & the reward of accomplishment • Built political constituency

    18. Connecting SD Schools: the Digital Dakota Network

    19. 176 School Districts

    20. + Over 60 Telephone Territories

    21. = One Big Jigsaw Puzzle!

    22. Who Will Build Infrastructure? • 1997 Telecommunications Act -- regulatory mandates don’t work • States must foster cooperation In SD, that’s 63 telcos!!! (US West + 29 Independents + 13 Coops + 3 Municipals + 17 Out-of-State) • State must provide leadership

    23. Leveraged US West contract for 220 video classrooms to ALL public school districts State gave schools ATM scalable T1 service 391 network servers for every school building Cabletron switches 500 Gateway Destinations Local Area Networks-- routers, hubs, switches, software, training PLUS connection to statewide Dakota Digital Network Fast, reliable, robust Internet access Statewide E-mail, web-hosting, grades software, filtering technology & WebCT Statewide network management Automatic bandwidth upgrades Videoconference scheduling What Schools Get:

    24. Wiring & Connecting the Public Schools: • 622 school buildings • 624 inmates worked for 640,067 hours • 3 redundant connections for every 3 of 4 students = 101,250 for 125,612 • 11,481,683 feet of Cat 5 Wire (2,715 miles!) • Huge length of R59 Television Cable • 124,722 feet of fiber optics • Conduit/pathways for any future technology • 67,207 electrical outlets

    25. Universities, Private Schools & Libraries: • Wired all public universities-- 6 • Wired all private universities-- 5 • Wire all dorm rooms-- ONE drop for each student • Wired all private K-12 schools-- 34 • Wired libraries & coops-- 25

    26. Network Connections to ALL Schools: • Throughput speed -- guaranteed minimums for T1, DS-3 & OC-3 • Data delivery performance -- guaranteed • 99.967% availability -- guaranteed • Only 4 hrs outage allowed peryear! • $30,000 penalty • State pays the bill: 3-year contract • Future open to any delivery technology


    28. Content filtering of Internet Free electronic library for ALL students & ALL South Dakotans over 4,000 magazines, newspapers, databases, & journals (Proquest & Infoquest) Office of Technology to help teachers (5) Distance learning and in-service coordination State gives expert technical help State gives huge storage for all school websites State gives Videoconferencing & Internet access to schools -- FREE of CHARGE and upgraded as needed. State provides Cisco Academies The Digital Dakota Network:

    29. 33 SD Cisco Academies = 4 Regional Academies SDSMT Region: Bennett Co. SDSMT Kadoka Spearfish Lower Brule Wall Rapid City (2) Pierre Region: Eagle Butte Todd Co. Huron White River Miller Winner Pierre L.A. Tech Region: Aberdeen(2) DeSmet ECI-- Brk L.A. Tech Milbank Redfield Webster SE Tech Region: Canton Emery & Hansen Flandreau Mitchell SE Tech Tri-Valley Vermillion Yankton 2nd Yr & Independent: Douglas Meade Co. Elm Valley Sisseton Com. Hecla TIE-- RC Lake Central Funded by John and Tashia Morgridge--Aberdeen, Canton, Redfield, Spearfish, Vermillion, Wall, White River, & Winner

    30. Summary of Benefits for Students & Teachers Wiring-- 3 drops for every 4 students Internet -- Cheap & Fast Real-Time Video-- Courses & Activities Local Area Networks-- in every district Educator Development-- TTL Academies Digital Dakota Network-- statewide State Tech Support ONEState ONENeighborhood Hardware & Software

    31. 265 VideoConferencing Sites

    32. Educators on State K-12 E-mail System 11,444 Users 2000-2001 School Year 8.4 million e-mails This School Year (thru April) 12.2million e-mails 3

    33. Integrating Technology with Education: the Technology for Teaching and Learning (TTL) Academies 

    34. Teacher Technology Training: • IBM, Apple, Sun Micro, others said: “Short courses don’t work! Tech training should be a concentrated 200 hours.” • South Dakota Teachers said: “We want to use computers and other new technologies, but we need time to learn and time to integrate it into our lessons and units.”

    35. Governor’s Technology for Teaching and Learning (TTL) Academies: (Goals 2000) • 4 Weeks--All Day IMMERSION --200 hours • Improving Technology Skills • Integrating Technology to Enhance Education • Transforming lesson plans, units • Creating new learning methods/materials • $1,000 stipend per teacher • $1,000 to buy new technology • Free Dorm room & meals on campus • Local / Regional Academies in 2001

    36. 5,010 TTL Basic 200 Hour Immersion 54% Of All Teachers 3,659 2,456 1,474 743 134

    37. TTL Academies: Basic TTL 5,010Advanced TTL 569Network Administrators TTL 463School Administrators TTL 357Distance Teaching TTL 400Professor Sabbaticals 319Professor 2nd Sabbaticals 98

    38. Diverse Videoconference Users: • High school courses • College courses • Healthcare training • Seminars and workshops by professional organizations • VA regional office hearings • State Government commission and board meetings • Private association meetings • Contest Hearings (from Welfare Appeals to Liquor Licenses to Water Permits, etc)

    39. NSU Center for E-Learning, Star Schools, and Digital Dakota Network Courses 

    40. NSU Center for Statewide E-Learning: • For K-12 Schools, NSU Master Teachers Are • Teaching Needed Courses to Small Schools • Training Other Teachers How to Teach Needed Courses via videoconferencing • Training All Teacher Graduates to be Technology Proficient • Providing Unique E-mentoring program for E-students • For K-12 Schools, NSU Is a Technology Resource • For Non-Education NSU students, NSU Is • Integrating interactive, multimedia technology throughout the university curriculum • Giving all students a world class basic technology integration skills & special technology integration skills in their major & minor

    41. Examples: Art from McLaughlin to Faith & Wessington Driver’s Ed from Mobridge to Dupree, Buffalo, Faith & McLaughlin Calculus from Salem to Canistota, Baltic & Tri-Valley Spanish I, II, III from 20 sending schools to 41 receiving schools

    42. K-8 Enrichment Projects Interviews Drama Math Games Art Music Electronic field trips Science experiments

    43. NSU Videoconferenced HS Courses 2001-2002 Calculus Physics British Lit Chemistry Senior Math French 1 Spanish 1 Am. Govrnmt AP Am. History 2002-2003 AP Am. History French 1 AP Calculus French 2 AP English Spanish 1 AP Physics Spanish 2 Senior Math Psychology Physics Chemistry

    44. DDN Courses Offered by High Schools to Other High Schools 2001-2002 2002-2003 AP Chemistry Art Algebra 1,2 AP English Calculus Geometry Drivers’ Ed Family Rel. Earth Sci. Health Physics Biology Psychology Parenting Geography Spanish 1,2,3 Theater World Hist. Visual Basic Sociology Am. Hist Senior Math Am. Gov. … And Communications Creative More for Business Writing AP Chemistry Art AP English Calculus Drivers’ Ed Family Rel. Health Physics Psychology Parenting Spanish 1, 2 Theater Visual Basic Sociology Senior Math Communications for Business Creative Writing

    45. DECA DDN Elementary Enrichment: Nitrogen Machines with No Motors Monthly Virtual Visits with EROS Data Center Scientists All Charged Up with Electricity Physics: Fingerprints, Forensics & More A Balancing Act Magnetism How Weather Affects a Barrier Reef 3 Pigs Go High Tech Looking for Shipwrecks: Virtual Dive into Lake Michigan

    46. Butterfly Puppetry Carbon Dioxide Adventure to Mars Through the Eyes of the Elders Virtual Field Trips to Tybee Island, GA. Prairie Pasque Book Talks Egypt, Egypt, Everywhere …PLUS STEPStar Curriculum: Elementary Japanese Primary/Intermediate/Middle Spanish Young Astronauts Middle School Math Mini-Course Dr. Seuss Wonderful Wetlands

    47. SDWorld War II Veterans Unit Ten Units -- 40 Lessons Buffalo Roundup Unit

    48. Other Recognitions: Digital State Ranking, #1 in Education in 2000 Digital State Ranking, #1 in Education in 2001 2001 USDLA Eagle Award Education Week May 9, 2002

    49. Digital State Rankings: SD #1 Last Two Years • Wired & Networked schools provide excellent access to the Internet for all SD students • Technology Training for Teachers (TTL) • State uses technology to disseminate standards • State promotes technology integration • State invests in innovative uses of technology • State uses technology for administrative work, communication & coordination with school districts

    50. Connecting Educators, Students andParents to the Worldwide Web About the SDEdWeb l Recommend a Site l Reviewers Resources l Contact Us l Disclaimer • Includes links to over 53,000 teacher-reviewed websites aligned with SD Content Standards for Teachers, Students, and Parents • Features a minimum of Best 5 list of resources, Best 5 lesson plans and Best 5 on-line activities for SD Content Standards