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Lesson Thirteen. English II. nirvana. Definition. Example. After work, Irene sought nirvana through meditation. (n) A condition of great peace or happiness. salutary. Definition. Example. The country air had a salutary influence on the child’s chronic cough.

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lesson thirteen

Lesson Thirteen

English II

nirvana
nirvana

Definition

Example

After work, Irene sought nirvana through meditation.

  • (n) A condition of great peace or happiness
salutary
salutary

Definition

Example

The country air had a salutary influence on the child’s chronic cough.

  • (adj) healthful; wholesome
  • Syn: beneficial
  • Ant: pernicious
despicable
despicable

Definition

Example

Only a despicable cad would behave so horribly.

  • (adj) contemptible; hateful
  • Syn: vile; base
  • Ant: laudable; worthy
harlequin
harlequin

Definition

Example

The king summoned the harlequin to entertain the dinner guests.

  • (n) a clown
empathy
empathy

Definition

Example

The same thing happened to me once, so I felt empathy for the person whose car broke down on the interstate.

  • (n) an understanding of another’s feelings
  • Syn: appreciation; compassion
brevity
brevity

Definition

Example

The brevity of the candidate’s speech surprised everyone.

  • (n) briefness; short duration
  • Syn: terseness; conciseness
  • Ant: lengthiness
savant
savant

Definition

Example

Einstein was a savant who will always be remembered for E=MC².

  • (n) a person of extensive learning; an eminent scholar
obsequious
obsequious

Definition

Example

The waiter’s obsequious behavior annoyed the patrons at the expensive restaurant.

  • (adj) excessively submissive or overly attentive
  • Syn: servile; fawning
  • Ant: domineering; haughty
redundant
redundant

Definition

Example

Saying that a person is a rich millionaire is redundant.

  • (adj) repetitious; using more words than needed
  • Syn: wordy; excessive; unnecessary
  • Ant: essential
offal
offal

Definition

Example

No one wanted the task of carrying the offal from the butcher shop to the trash container.

  • (n) garbage; waste parts
hoi polloi
hoi polloi

Definition

Example

The hoi polloi loved to watch the Christians fight the lions.

  • (n) the common people; the masses
sentient
sentient

Definition

Example

No one knew if the girl in the coma was sentient, but they continued to hold and talk to her.

  • (adj) conscious; capable of feeling or perceiving
  • Syn: alert; alive; cognizant
impinge
impinge

Definition

Example

Do not impinge on your neighbors by walking in uninvited.

  • (v) to encroach; to trespass
  • Syn: infringe; intrude
cataract
cataract

Definition

Example

Because of the cataract in that part of the river, you can’t put a canoe in the water.

  • (n) a large waterfall
animosity
animosity

Definition

Example

There was more animosity between the opposing teams’ fans than between the teams themselves.

  • (n) hatred
  • Syn: ill-will; hostility
  • Ant: friendliness; congeniality