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Growing up protected? Swiss child protection and its children. Realised with the aid of the Swiss National Science Foundation, Research Program 52: Childhood, Youth, and Intergenerational Relationships in a Changing Society. Content. Introduction: child protection in Switzerland

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growing up protected swiss child protection and its children

Growing up protected?Swiss child protection and its children

Realised with the aid of the Swiss National Science Foundation, Research Program 52: Childhood, Youth, and Intergenerational Relationships in a Changing Society

content
Content
  • Introduction: child protection in Switzerland
  • Theory: decision making under uncertainty
  • The research project: design, methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions
cp in switzerland stakeholders
CP in Switzerland: Stakeholders

Voluntary services

Mental health services, Family services and counselling

Tutelary child protection

Tutelary authorities,

child protective services

Penal authorities

Police forces, criminal courts, agencies of prosecution

Specialized organizations

Child protection teams, victim aid agencies, private specialized agencies

cp in switzerland legal basis
CP in Switzerland: Legal basis

Art 307 Appropriate measures to protect the child

Art 308 Educational assistance

  • Advice and practical support
  • Monitor access
  • Parental custody may be restricted accordingly

Art 309 Determining paternity

Art 310 Withdrawal of children from parental care

Art 311/312 Withdrawal of parental custody

theory decision making under uncertainty
Theory: decision-making under uncertainty
  • Two possibly conflicting objectives
    • the welfare of the child (his/her future development)
    • the parents’ rights
  • Incomplete information on
    • the future development of the child
    • conditions of action (esp. parental behaviour)
    • results of action

 Decisions of services and authorities are

    • decisions under risk
    • based on evaluations of values/objectives and probabilities
methods
Methods
  • Analysis of dossiersopened from 1994 to 2002, stratified random sample within four different institutional settings (N=164)
  • Survey by mailed questionnairechairpersons of tutelary authority and CP-Services (stratified random sample, N=399)
  • Case studiestwo interviews with parents, professionals and authority members, in the first 18 months of an order instituted in 2004 (8 cases)
analysis of dossiers sampling
Analysis of dossiersSampling

164 cases in four different Settings, stratified by legal base

analysis of dossiers data structure

Orders

Documents

Events

Parents

Situation / child

Professio-nals

Other Persons

Institution

Dossiers

Analysis of dossiersData Structure
analysis of dossiers sample demographics
Analysis of DossiersSample: Demographics
  • 89 boys and 75 girls
  • Mean age of 7 years for enactement of first child protection order
  • 46% of children with one or both parents foreign nationals
  • At the time of referral 26% of children lived with both parents, 62% with a single parent and 12% (already) out-of-home
analysis of dossiers numbers of professionals involved
Analysis of dossiersNumbers of professionals involved

A total of 3,089 professionals are mentionend in the dossiers on the 164 cases (Md= 15 professionals).

The number of professionals is correlated with:- intrusiveness of child protection order - number of caregiver risks mentioned- number of victim‘s behavioural difficulties- the setting

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Professionals in different positions evaluate the same risk differently ...
  • ... according to the risk they run.
  • Talking about risk evaluation in child protection implies talking about the evaluator.
  • Decisions occur everywhere – they are as important at the end as they are at the beginning!
the risk of removing a measure
The risk of removing a measure

“The only thing you can be held responsible for [at the end], is not having continued”

Authority, legal assistant of the board