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Do Now: 6 minutes. Get out your “Analyzing a Graph…” worksheet from yesterday. Find the poster your didn’t analyze. Finish the worksheet, and hand it in on the front table. Sit down, and take out your notebook. Copy the objective. Smile, it’s Friday!. Density of Pennies Lab.

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Do now 6 minutes
Do Now: 6 minutes

  • Get out your “Analyzing a Graph…” worksheet from yesterday.

  • Find the poster your didn’t analyze.

  • Finish the worksheet, and hand it in on the front table.

  • Sit down, and take out your notebook. Copy the objective. Smile, it’s Friday!



Intensive vs extensive properties
Intensive vs. extensive properties

  • Intensive property: a physical property that does NOT depend on how much of a substance you have.

    • Ex: temperature, velocity, melting point

  • Extensive property: a property that DOES depend on how much you have.

    • Ex: mass, length, volume


Intensive or extensive
Intensive or extensive?

  • I weigh 130 pounds.

  • The car is moving 50 miles per hour.

  • The length of a marathon is 24.6 miles.

  • The density of water is 1.0 g/mL

  • Ice melts at 0oC.

  • I drank one liter of soda. (burp!)


Density
Density

  • A physical property of matter

  • The mass per volume of a substance.

  • Units: g/mL or g/cm3

  • 1 mL = 1 cm3


Calculate density
Calculate Density

  • Mass = 10.0 g, volume = 20.0 mL

  • 10.0 g, 5 cm3

  • Calculate the mass of a sample of matter with a volume of 10.0 cm3 and density of 2.0 g/cm3

  • Calculate the volume of a rock with mass 100.0 g and density 5.00 g/mL.


Homework
Homework

  • Week 6 Homework, #5-6


The phenomenon
The phenomenon

  • In 1982, the density of pennies changed.


Your challenge
Your challenge:

  • Determine, empirically, the density of pennies before and after 1982.

    • Write a materials list and procedure. Include ALL your steps. Be thorough!

    • Carry out your procedure.

    • Record and organize data into a chart and graphs. Describe your data in a paragraph.

    • Analyze your data in a paragraph.

    • Make a conclusion summarizing your data and answering questions.


Some details
Some details

  • How can you determine the volume of a penny?

  • Displacement

  • Calculate the density of 2, 3, …10 pre-1982 pennies, and 2, 3, …10 post-1982 pennies. Make a neat table and graph.


An example of a good table table 1 mass volume and density of pre 1982 pennies
An example of a good table.Table 1: Mass, volume and density of pre-1982 pennies


Things to write in your notebook
Things to write in your notebook:

  • An excellent materials list and procedure

  • Complete data tables (title, headings, units, calculations, NEATLY!)

  • Complete graphs: mass vs. volume and EITHER mass vs. density or volume vs. density, with title, axis labels and units

  • A written description of your data.

  • A written analysis of your data

  • A conclusion based on guiding questions.


Your homework
Your homework

  • To write a lab report.

  • First Draft (neatly hand-written or typed) due:


Do now 6 minutes 1325233


By the end of class
By the end of class… Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Materials list and procedure (incl. how to make calculations!)

  • Data table for pre- and post-1982 pennies

  • 2 graphs: mass vs. volume AND either

    • Mass vs. density OR volume vs. density

    • With a sentence describing each graph.

  • You can start an analysis and conclusion like we practiced yesterday.


Homework1
Homework Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Week 6 Homework: #5-6

  • 2 graphs: mass vs. volume AND either

    • Mass vs. density OR volume vs. density

    • With a sentence describing each graph.

  • You can start an analysis and conclusion like we practiced yesterday.


With your group
With your group: Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Fix your graphs. Draw a best-fit line.

  • Write a one-paragraph analysis for each graph. Describe BOTH lines for each graph.

    • Trend

    • Shape of line

    • Outliers: points that are way off the line.


Title
Title Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Your lab report should be titled with a title of your choosing.

  • It should be relevant to the lab and should not just be the same as the title of a handout your teacher gave you.

  • Do not have it on a separate title page.


Background information
Background Information Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Explain any important concepts that are central to understanding the experiment.

  • In paragraph form, define any scientific terms necessary for understanding the lab.


Objective no hypothesis
Objective (NO hypothesis) Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Explain what the purpose of the experiment or what goals you have in completing the lab. What do you hope to accomplish?

  • (No hypothesis)

  • IV: number of pennies

  • DV: density


Write a lab report
Write a Lab Report Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Title (incl. name, data, partner’s names)

  • Objective (no hypothesis)

  • Background info (from notes, etc.)

  • DUE TOMORROW


Procedure
Procedure Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • For a lab where you have designed the procedure, include a detailed and complete account of every single step you completed during the lab, including how to make calculations. Be sure to include proper names for pieces of equipment!

  • If you have followed a procedure given by your teacher, write a summary of what you did. Do not rewrite the given procedure word for word.


Data and results
Data and Results Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Include any charts, graphs, tables, technical drawings, observations, or diagrams in this section. Include a one sentence caption for each.

  • Data should be presented neatly, and with the use of computer software when possible.

  • If any calculations were necessary during this lab, include them here.

  • DO NOT explain the data.


Analysis
Analysis Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Describe any patterns or trends in the data. Point out any relevant characteristics and comparisons that you see. Do not attempt to explain them, simply note them.

  • Note the existence of any data that does not seem to fit the overall patterns/trends.


Conclusions
Conclusions Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Draw conclusions from the patterns and observations you noted in the analysis section. Explain why the patterns you saw occurred.

  • Was the experiment successful at completing the objectives above? Explain why or why not.

  • Reflect on your hypothesis. Was it correct? Why or why not?

  • Was there any significant error in your experiment? Propose some possible sources of error and explain how they might be improved.

  • Answer questions (4) in lab handout in paragraph form.


On a separate sheet of paper
On a separate sheet of paper… Discuss your graph, and what a graph of the other type might look like.

  • Write the first draft of your lab report.

  • Work on your own.

    • You may listen to music as long as I can’t hear it.

  • Label each section.

  • Be careful to include EVERY part listed in your lab report guide.

  • First draft due: next Thursday, Oct. 22