BN501 Session 4 Culture and Nursing C ulture. Session outcomes. At the end of this session students will be able to: Define ‘culture’ Examine personal culture and relate to definition of culture Explore the culture of nursing. News desk. Cultural Identity (How hard can it be?).
Session 4 Culture and Nursing Culture
At the end of this session students will be able to:
What is your personal understanding of culture?
……… all learned, shared, and passed on by members of a group
experience of the world,
work & play
life in our communities.
language and education,
gender, age, personality
determines disease aetiology,
prescribes how distress is defined & signalled,
prescribes medical & social means of treatment
Nationality refers to country of citizenship
Ethnicity refers to being a member of a culturally and geographically defined group that may share language, cultural practises, religion, or other aspects.
Each person is a ‘unique individual’ with cultural ‘layers’
Important to note that cultural identity may not be fixed throughout life
It is fluid / flexible particularly for colonised people
Neither is it homogenous (all people within a specific cultural group are not the same)
Ethnicity versus culture
“The nurse delivering the nursing service will have undertaken a process of reflection on his or her own cultural identity and will recognise the impact that his or her personal culture has on his or her professional practice. Unsafe cultural practice comprises any action which diminishes, demeans or disempowers the cultural identity and wellbeing of an individual.”
(NCNZ, 2011, p. 7)
“Nursing conjures up the image of the ‘caring’, ‘controlling’ female, dependent on the paternalistic management structure of a health care system”
(McMahon 1991, as cited in Hill, Lomas & MacGregor, 2003, p.319).
“Culture shapes the beliefs and behaviours of people in the workplace”
(Thompson & Learmouth, 2002, p. 211).
Organisations can also consist of a mosaic of subcultures
(Ybema 1997, as cited in Hill, Lomas & MacGregor, 2003).
… is situated within organizational culture that is further situated within the overarching culture of the health care system” (Kaminski, 2006, p.24-25)
Adamson, A. (Director). (2001). Shrek [Film]. United States: DreamWorks.
Hill, Y., Lomas, L., & MacGregor, J. (2003). Managers, researchers, teachers and dabblers: Enabling a research culture in nursing departments in higher education institutions. Journal of Further and Higher Education,27(3), 317-331.
Kaminski, J. (2005). Editorial: Nursing informatics and nursing culture. Is there a fit? Online Journal of Nursing Informatics, 9(3). Retrieved on March 6 2007, from http://eaa-knowledge.com/ojni/ni/9_3/june.htm
Kaminski, J. (2006). Nursing through the lens of culture: A multiple gaze. Retrieved from http://visiblenurse.com/nurseculture.html
Larson, G. (n. d.). The far side gallery 2007 off-the- wall calendar. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing.
Nursing Council of New Zealand. (2011). Guidelines for cultural safety, the Treaty of Waitangi, and Maori health in nursing and midwifery education and practice. Wellington: Author.
Thompson, C., & Learmonth, M. (2002). How can we develop an evidence-based culture? In J.V. Craig & R.L. Smyth (Eds.), The evidence-based practice manual for nurses (pp. 211-2 39).London: Churchill Livingstone.
United Nations Cyber School Bus. (2008). Student Handout: Definitions. Retrieved from http://cyberschoolbus.un.org/discrim/dh_print.asp
Wepa, D. (Ed.). (2005). Cultural safety in Aotearoa New Zealand. Auckland: Pearson Education.