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Section 4-Polling Question. A B C D. Rate your agreement with the following statement: The media influences your opinion about important issues. A. Strongly agree B. Somewhat agree C. Somewhat disagree D. Strongly disagree. Chapter 5 The Spirit of Independence (1763-1776).

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section 4 polling question
Section 4-Polling Question
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Rate your agreement with the following statement: The media influences your opinion about important issues.

A.Strongly agree

B.Somewhat agree

C.Somewhat disagree

D.Strongly disagree

chapter 5 the spirit of independence 1763 1776

Chapter 5 The Spirit of Independence (1763-1776)

Section 4 Moving Toward Independence

essential question
Essential Question

Why did the American colonies choose to declare independence?

  • Why did the American colonies chose to declare independence?
colonial leaders emerge
Colonial Leaders Emerge
  • May 10, 1775 at the Second Continental Congress
  • Many were NOT ready to break with Britain
  • Many of the same delegates from the First Continental Congress
  • Also Ben Franklin- he had represented the colonies in London and helped repeal the act
  • John Hancock was also there- Hancock had funded the Sons of Liberty
  • Hancock was chosen president of the First Continental Congress
  • 32 year old Thomas Jefferson was also there
second continental congress
Second Continental Congress
  • Began to govern the colonies
  • Authorized printing money
  • Set up a post office with Franklin in charge
  • Committees were set up to communicate with Indians and other countries
  • Most important, Congress created the Continental Army
  • Would be more organized than the militias
  • George Washington was unanimously chosen as the army’s commander
continental congress and peace
Continental Congress and Peace
  • The delegates offered Britain one last chance to avoid war
  • Congress sent a petition (formal request) to King George III
  • Called the Olive Branch Petition
  • Said the colonists wanted peace
  • Asked the King to protect their rights
  • George III refused the petition
  • Instead he prepared for war
  • Hired more than 30,000 German troops (Hessians) to fight beside the British
the colonies take offense
The Colonies Take Offense
  • The Colonist found out the British were going to invade New York
  • The Americans decided to strike first and attack Montreal (They captured it)
  • The Americans failed to take Quebec
  • Washington reached Boston in 1775 and realized the army lacked discipline, organization, and leadership
  • Washington began to shape the citizens into an army
continental army
Continental Army
  • March 1776, Washington decided they were ready
  • The army was set in a semicircle around Boston
  • Washington gave the order to bombard the British with cannons
  • The redcoats under General Howe withdrew from the city
  • March 17th, Washington led the jubilant troops into Boston
  • The British sailed to Halifax, Nova Scotia
early 1776
Early 1776
  • Support for absolute independence was growing
  • Thomas Paine published a pamphlet called Common Sense
  • Paine called the King “the Royal Brute”
  • Paine said “’Tis time to part”
  • The call for independence became a roar
section 4
Section 4
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Who published a very influential pamphlet called Common Sense?

A.Thomas Paine

B.George Washington

C.Samuel Adams

D.Patrick Henry

second continental congress1
Second Continental Congress
  • Second Continental Congress was filled with debate
  • Should the colonies declare themselves an independent nation or stay under British rule?
  • Richard Henry Lee said “all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved”
debate over independence
Debate over Independence
  • Congress debated Lee’s resolution
  • Some thought the colonies were not ready to form a separate nation
  • Others argued that war had already begun
  • Still others feared Britain’s power to crush the rebellion
  • Congress decided to draft a Declaration of Independence
declaration of independence
Declaration of Independence
  • Jefferson wrote
  • Used John Locke’s idea that people were born with certain natural rights including
  • Life, liberty, and property
  • People formed governments to protect these rights
  • Also that a government that interferes with these rights might be overthrown
section 41
Section 4
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

A.Thomas Paine

B.George Washington

C.Thomas Jefferson

D.Patrick Henry

d o i final touches
D.O.I. Final Touches
  • July 2nd, 1776 Congress voted on Lee’s resolution for independence
  • 12 colonies voted for it (New York later announced support)
  • Jefferson’s draft of the Declaration of Independence was approved with some changes on July 4th, 1776
  • John Hancock was the first to sign
  • Signed it so large that King George could read it without his glasses
  • 56 delegates signed the paper announcing the Birth of the United States
  • Copies of the Declaration of Independence were distributed to the newly declared states
parts of the d o i
Parts of the D.O.I
  • Four major sections
  • 1. Preamble (Introduction)
  • 2. Lists the rights colonists believed they should have and the right of people to abolish a government that does not protect these rights
  • 3. List of grievances against the King and Parliament
  • 4. Announcement of Independence
essential question1
Essential Question
  • Why did the American colonies choose to declare independence?
  • King George ignored the colonists’ Olive Branch petition, in which they tried to avoid war.
  • The Colonists learned the British were planning to invade New York.
  • Thomas Paine published an influential pamphlet, Common Sense, which called for complete independence.
  • Why did the American colonies chose to declare independence?
the first commander of the continental army was
The first commander of the Continental Army was
  • George Washington.
  • Benjamin Franklin.
  • John Adams.
  • Thomas Jefferson.
what did the olive branch petition ask the king to do
What did the Olive Branch Petition ask the king to do?
  • protect the colonists' rights
  • leave America
  • start another war
  • stop taxation