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Drug and Alcohol Information Nights I-1183 and I-502: Updates, Impacts and Strategies for Prevention. Mary B. Segawa, M.S. WA State Liquor Control Board. October 7-8, 2014. Overview. Today’s Presentation Disclaimer I-1183 changes and impact I-502 key elements

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drug and alcohol information nights i 1183 and i 502 updates impacts and strategies for prevention

Drug and Alcohol Information NightsI-1183 and I-502:Updates, Impacts and Strategies for Prevention

Mary B. Segawa, M.S.

WA State Liquor Control Board

October 7-8, 2014

overview
Overview

Today’s Presentation

  • Disclaimer
  • I-1183 changes and impact
  • I-502 key elements
  • Status of implementation of I-502
  • Issues and challenges
  • Rules highlights and challenges
  • Data and trends
  • Staying informed
disclaimer
Disclaimer

Today’s presentation is designed to inform this audience of the current status of the implementation of Initiative 502 as well as to provide updates regarding the implementation of I-1183.

The views expressed today represent the speaker’s summary of these current events and are subject to change based on the on-going work of the WA State Liquor Control Board.

i 1183 changes impact
I-1183 Changes / Impact

Retail Environment

  • Access / Availability
    • Increase in liquor outlets
    • Increase in hours of sale
    • Police and anecdotal reports of shoplifting
  • Enforcement
    • Capacity
    • Compliance checks
  • Price / Products
    • Product approval
    • Mixed impact on price
slide5

I-1183 Changes / Impact

Retail Environment

  • Advertising
    • Product placement
    • Circulars
    • Complimentary products
initiative 502 marijuana legalization
Initiative 502 – Marijuana Legalization

Washington’s Legalization at a Glance

  • November 6, 2012
  • Drafted by ACLU Drug Policy Director Alison Holcomb

WSLCB Charged With:

  • Drafting rules
  • Licensing applicants
  • Enforcing the law at licensed locations

Goals:

  • Public safety and protecting children
  • Open and transparent system
  • Tightly regulated and controlled market
  • Collect revenue for the State
i 502 key elements
I-502 Key Elements

Creates system of growing, processing and retailing marijuana.

  • Legalized system for adults age 21 and older
  • Decriminalizes possession of:
    • 1 ounce of useable
    • 16 ounces in solid form
    • 72 ounces in liquid form

[7 grams of extract – added in the 2014 legislative session]

  • Creates three-tier system similar to alcohol
    • Producer license (grower)
    • Processor license (prepares for retail)
    • Retail license (operates marijuana only stores)
key elements continued
Key Elements (continued)

Washington’s system…

  • Taxation
    • Imposes 25% tax at all three license levels
    • B&O and local sales tax also apply
  • Public Safety and Education
    • Establishes a THC threshold for DUI – 5 nanograms
    • Limits on store locations, advertising and number of outlets
    • Earmarks revenue for healthcare, research and education
  • Timing
    • December 1, 2013 deadline to have rules and regulations in place
law and rules
Law and Rules

The Difference Between I-502 Laws and Rules

  • Laws
    • Enacted by Legislature and signed by Governor
    • Enacted by voters (initiatives and referendums)
  • Rules
    • Detailed regulations necessary to implement the law
    • Clarifies what is allowed or not allowed under law
    • Created by state agency, board (WSLCB) or commission
    • Cannot change the law in any way
    • Public and transparent process
    • Once final, they provide the structure for participation in the system
slide10

Rules Highlights: License

Requirements

30 Day Window To Apply

State Residency Requirement – 3 months

Background Checks

License Location – 1,000 Foot Buffer

License Limits

rules highlights public safety
Rules Highlights: Public Safety

Secure Producer Structures

Traceability

Local Authority Objections

Security and Safeguards

  • Alarm and surveillance video camera requirements
  • Strict transportation and record keeping requirements Hours of operation limited to 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 a.m.
rules highlights public safety1
Rules Highlights: Public Safety

Violation Guidelines

  • $1,000 administrative penalty for minors frequenting
  • Sets strict tiered system of violation record over a three year period. Example:
    • Group 1 public safety:
      • First violation: 10 day suspension or $2,500
      • Second violation: 30 day suspension
      • Third violation: license cancellation
  • Furnishing marijuana to a minor remains a felony offense
rules highlights public safety2
Rules Highlights: Public Safety

No Minors Allowed on Any Licensed Premise

Location Restrictions of Retail Stores

  • LCB to provide advance notice to local authority
  • Number of retail stores capped at 334 statewide

Packaging and Labeling Requirements

  • Maximum THC per serving and amount per package
  • Warnings

Lab Tested and Approved

Behind the Counter Storage

rules highlights public safety3
Rules Highlights: Public Safety

Further Restrictions on Edible Products

rules highlights public safety4
Rules Highlights: Public Safety

Advertising Restrictions

  • 1,000 foot rule
  • May not contain statements or illustrations that:
    • Are false or misleading
    • Promote overconsumption
    • Represents that its use has curative or therapeutic effects
    • Depict a child or may be appealing to children
    • Must contain two statements:
      • “This product has intoxicating effects and may be habit forming.”
      • “Marijuana can impair concentration, coordination, and judgment. Do not operate a vehicle or machinery under the influence of this drug.”
potential issues and challenges
Potential Issues and Challenges

Federal uncertainty

  • Doesn’t change federal law.
  • Focus on eight points of emphasis including youth access and public safety

Minimizing illicit market

Banking

other roles
Other Roles

DSHS Division of Behavioral Health & Recovery

  • Youth and young adult surveys
  • Youth prevention and treatment

Department of Health

  • Media-based education campaigns for adults and youth
  • Local grants
  • Public health hotline

Washington State Institute for Public Policy

  • Cost-benefit evaluation

UW Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute

  • Website: www.LearnAboutMarijuanaWA.org
alcohol use trends
Alcohol Use Trends

SOURCE: Washington State Healthy Youth Survey, 2012

alcohol use trends1
Alcohol Use Trends

None: No drinking in past 30 days

Experimental: 1-2 days drinking, and no binge drinking

Heavy: 3-5 days drinking, and/or one binge

Problem: 6+ days drinking, and/or 2+ binges

SOURCE: Washington State Healthy Youth Survey, 2012

alcohol use trends2
Alcohol Use Trends

SOURCE: Washington State Healthy Youth Survey, 2012

slide23

Preliminary Results – Impact Study

Youth(2012 WA Healthy Youth Survey)

  • No impact on trend of declining use by youth
  • Modest increase in number of days drinking alcohol in the past month among high school boys
    • 12th grade boys increased from 4.2 to 4.5 days per month from 2010 to 2012
  • Decrease in perceived “wrongness” of youth drinking alcohol
    • E.g. Only 28 percent of 8th graders in 2012 believe most other students think it is very wrong for someone their age to use alcohol compared to 39 percent in 2010

Researchers: Dr. Julia Dilley and Dr. Linda Becker

slide24

Preliminary Results – Impact Study

Youth

  • Increased ER visits among underage youth (under 21) (Medicaid)
  • Estimated 331 excess Single Vehicle Nighttime Crashes* among younger male drivers during 9 months after implementation.

*Proxy for impaired driving

marijuana use trends
Marijuana Use Trends

Q.

Smoked marijuana/hashish during the past 30 days? (Benton County data)

12th grade: Significant difference from State rate

SOURCE: Washington State Healthy Youth Survey, 2012

marijuana use trends1
Marijuana Use Trends

Q.

10th Grade: Perception of harm (no or low risk, trying 1-2 times) (Benton County data)

SOURCE: Washington State Healthy Youth Survey, 2012

marijuana use frequency
Marijuana Use Frequency

Of the Washington State 10th graders who used marijuana in the previous 30 days, 33% used on 10 or more days

1 to 2 days

35.6%

10 or more days

33.2%

6 to 9 days

11.5%

3 to 5 days

19.7%

SOURCE: Washington State Healthy Youth Survey, 2012

slide28

How Citizens Stay Connected

  • I-502 Webpage. www.lcb.wa.gov
    • Factsheets
    • FAQs
  • Listserv
  • News coverage
additional information
Additional Information
  • University of Washington’s Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute (ADAI) website
    • Learn about Marijuana – Science-based information for the public. http://www.LearnAboutMarijuanaWA.org
  • DSHS, Division of Behavioral Health and Recovery
    • http://www.TheAthenaForum.org
    • http://www.dshs.wa.gov/DBHR/
    • National Institute on Drug Abuse
    • www.drugabuse.gov
    • WA State Healthy Youth Survey
      • www.askhys.net
thank you
Thank you!

Mary Segawa, MS

WA State Liquor Control Board

mary.segawa@lcb.wa.gov

360-664-1771