(MACDIS). WHEN AND HOW SHOULD U.S. MILITARY FORCES BE USED TO PROVIDE CONTROL DURING CIVIL DISORDER?. CONCEPT DOD GARDEN PLOT PLAN USJFCOM PLAN. CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT.
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Federal paratroopers escort African American pupils to Central High School in Little Rock, Ark. without trouble. 1,000 paratroopers had been called by President Eisenhower to restore order and escort nine black students safely to class. Sept. 26, 1957.
On Aug.11, 1965, six days of rioting began in the Watts section of Los Angeles. In the violence, 34 people were killed and 856 injured. Here, a National Guardsman escorts an elderly resident in the riot area.
On the afternoon of 29 April 1992 the worst civil unrest since the riots of the 1960’s erupted in the streets of Los Angeles. Violence spread quickly and overwhelmed law enforcement authorities resulting in 44 dead, hundreds of injuries, and an estimated billion dollars worth of property damage.
Operation Hawkeye conducted on the island of St. Croix, US Virgin Islands - 20 September 1989 to 22 November 1989
Mission to XVIII Airborne Corps - "Deploy forces to the island of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands to restore law and order and preserve public and private property in the aftermath of Hurricane Hugo"
Task Force Hawkeye consisted of XVIII Airborne Assault Command Post, elements of 1st Corps Support COSCOM, PSYOPS assets, counter-intelligence assets, aviation assets (3 OH-58's), HQS 16th MP Brigade, HQS 720th MP Battalion, 411th MP Company, 258th MP Company, and the 463rd MP Company.
“Group acts of violence and disorder prejudicial to public law and order within the 50 states, District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, U.S. possessions and territories, or any political subdivision thereof; includes all domestic conditions requiring the use of federal armed forces pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 15 of Title 10, United States Code.”
DOD Civil Disturbance Plan “Garden Plot”
Local and County - commit law enforcement assets to gain control, disperse disobedient crowds, and restore law and order; ask for state assistance as needed
State - respond with state law enforcement assets and activate National Guard forces, as needed, to assist local and county law enforcement; request Federal assistance as needed
Federal - respond with federal law enforcement assets; advise the President
DOD - Respond to Presidential Executive Order with appropriate DOD assets to assist in the restoration of law and order
(Section 1385 of Title 18, United States Code)
(Sections 331-334 of Title 10, United States Code)
Military Assistance for Civil Disturbances (MACDIS)
RULES OF ENGAGEMENT
Found in DOD Civil Disturbance Plan and CDRFORSCOM Civil Disturbance Plan
Restrictive And Detailed
Application Of Force
Representative of the AG
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Army
Commander in Chief
U.S. JF Command
the Attorney General