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HIROLA. HIROLA ( Beatragus hunter). EAST AFRICA. They live in the desert scrub and grasslands where they form harems led by a dominant territorial male.

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Presentation Transcript
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EAST AFRICA

  • They live in the desert scrub and grasslands where they form harems led by a dominant territorial male.
  • They have a very small range that includes parts of Kenya and Somalia, and their numbers are in sharp decline due to poaching and habitat loss

NATURAL HABITAT

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Hirola life characteristics

  • Diet - feeds on grasses and forbs
  • They are selective feeders, only feeding on short, newly sprouted grass.
  • They are able to go for long periods without drinking water.
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Size
  • 1.2 - 2 m (3.9 - 6.6 ft) length
  • 10 - 60 cm (3.9 - 23.6 inches) tail
  • 80 - 118 Kg (176 - 260 lbs) weight

3.9 to 6.6 feet

housing climate
Housing & Climate
  • Africa
  • The preferred habitat of the Hirola is grassland plains
  • Warm climates
  • Herds contain from 2-40 females led by 1territorial male but bachelor herds of five or so males are common
endangered
ENDANGERED
  • The Hirola species of antelope is currently classed as critically endangered and has seen a gigantic drop in population over the last 30 years declining from around 14,000 to current amount of just over 600
  • The reason for the massive decline in population is a combination of habit loss, poaching and even natural drought
offspring reproducing
Offspring/reproducing
  • The female will reach sexual maturity around the age of 2 or 3
  • males reaching sexual maturity a little later at around 4 or 5 when they are strong enough to compete with other males for the mature females
  • mating which usually occurs around March or April
  • female gives birth around October or November and usually only births 1 offspring
predators
predators
  • Predators include lions , cheetahs, African wild dogs and humans
  • Hyenas and eagles will also prey upon young Hirola shortly after they are born
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FACTS

  • Hirola are also known as:Hunters Hartebeest
  • Hirola are known as the "four-eyed antelope
  • Related to the antelope
  • known as “arawale” to the locals
what s being done
What’s being done.
  • Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT)
  • Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) (funded by USAID and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)
  • turned up 245 total hirolas, of which about 100 or so are within the conservancy area
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QUIZ
  • 1 Where are hirolas located?
  • 2 What months are hirolas most likely to breed?
  • 3 How many predators do hirolas have?
  • 4 How many are left?
  • 5 How many hirolas travel together if they travel together?
works cited
WORKS CITED
  • http://www.itsnature.org/endangered/hirola/
  • http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=37
  • http://www.animalinfo.org/species/artiperi/damahunt.htm