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Why Gender Responsive Budgeting ?. Assumption 1: the economy is not a gendered structure Economic theory is based on”market rationale ” The economy appears gender neutral, when in fact it has very different impacts on women and men

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slide2

Assumption 1: the economy is not a gendered structure

  • Economic theory is based on”market rationale”
  • The economy appears gender neutral, when in fact it has very different impacts on women and men
  • Economic policies often regards family as the smallest unit not individuals
  • Assumes that women and men has equal power
slide3

Assumption 2: un-paid work is free

private sector

Formal paid work

public sector

NGO sector

Formal paid work

Formal paid work

Formal unpaid work

domestic sector

Unpaid care work

Re-visioning the economy to include the contribution of care activities

slide4

Assumption 3: Economic policy are not gender bias

  • Economic institutions carry and transmit gender biases/stereotypin:
  • The male lifestyle is the role model
  • Women are often discriminated
  • Gender segregated labor market
slide5

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) estimates that the value of the invisible work done by women is $11 trillion per year, and that the sum of global output would be almost 50% greater if this work was included in the assessment of the economy.

slide6

Performance indicators

Cost

Quality

Quantity

Timeliness

equity

Actual outcome

Appropriateness

equity

Cost

equity

Policy

objectives

Budget

allocations

inputs

outputs

outcomes

Policy

objectives

economy

efficiency

effectiveness

Criteria for assessment of value for money

Cost effectiveness of achieving government objectives

slide7

Gender budgeting provides a range of methodologies for analysis of expenditure and revenue streams by gender, enabling policy makers, analysts and governments to understand any differential impacts on men and women of policy decisions.

Gender Budgeting does not imply an increased focus on gender specific expenditure or revenue.

three core goals of gender budget initiatives
Three core goals of gender budget initiatives

Make governments

accountable for their

gender budgetary and

policy commitments.

Raise awareness and understanding of gender issues and impacts of budgets and policies.

Change and refine government budgets

And policies to promote gender

Equality.

tools for gender analysis of the national budget
Tools for gender analysis of the National Budget

Requires simultaneous actions at three levels:

Application of policy tools

Use of gender disaggregated data

Strengthening dialogue

slide12

The Beijing Platform for Action:

  • One of the Strategic Objectives adopted is for governments to:
  • restructure and target the allocation of public expenditures to promote women’s economic opportunities and equal access to productive resources and to address the basic social, educational and health needs of women;
  • facilitate more open and transparent budget processes;
  • review, adopt and maintain macro-economic policies and development strategies that address the needs and efforts of women in poverty
grb is supported by major international organizations
GRB is supported by major international organizations:
  • OECD
  • The World Bank
  • UNDP
  • EU
  • Beijing +5
  • The Nordic Council of Ministers
  • The Commonwealth governments: At their meeting in
  • September 2002, Commonwealth finance ministers, as part of a
  • wider commitment to work towards gender equality in economic
  • policy-making”agreed to make substantial progress on
  • implementing gender-responsive budgets within their respective
  • budget setting processes”
slide14

More information can be achieved from the Nordic Council of

Ministers Gender Responsive Budgeting Project

www.norden.org

Project Director: catharina.schmitz@publicmanagement.se