today n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Today PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Today

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Today - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 161 Views
  • Uploaded on

Today. Especially vulnerable populations Children 4 faces of hunger Starvation/Famine Malnutrition/Undernutrition Micro-nutrient deficiencies Nutrition-depleting illnesses Time trajectories of hunger Geographies of hunger. Especially vulnerable populations I.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Today' - catori


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
today
Today
  • Especially vulnerable populations
    • Children
  • 4 faces of hunger
    • Starvation/Famine
    • Malnutrition/Undernutrition
    • Micro-nutrient deficiencies
    • Nutrition-depleting illnesses
  • Time trajectories of hunger
  • Geographies of hunger
especially vulnerable populations i
Especially vulnerable populations I
  • Increased likelihood of malnutrition and more serious consequences
  • Women in general due to cultural traditions that privilege food to males
  • Pregnant women
    • Poor nutrition low birth weight babies
      • Developmental problems for baby physically and mentally
      • Reduced resistance to diseases
      • Less able to breast feed ( less resistance for the baby as well)
especially vulnerable populations ii
Especially vulnerable populations II
  • Lactating women
    • Poor nutrition seldom greatly interferes with ability to produce milk
    • But, poor nutrition does deplete the mother's body of necessary nutrients
    • If nutrition is not better between end of lactation and next pregnancy spiral down to chronic anemia etc.
  • Elderly
    • Ability to fend off infections is reduced with great age and malnutrition hurts that as well
especially vulnerable populations iii
Especially vulnerable populations III
  • Children
    • Malnutrition in infants and children very problematic if timing coincides with critical growth processes
      • Up to age 5 risk is greatest
    • Especially at weaning age (approx 2 yrs)
    • Due to impure water used to make weaning foods (not sufficiently boiled due to lack of fuel) and general low hygiene =>
      • Kids die from diarrheal diseases and dehydration and malnutrition
    • Weaning foods are typically not nutrient-rich enough (e.g., maize gruels)
four faces of hunger i
Four Faces of Hunger I
  • I. Starvation/Famine
    • Widespread to complete lack of protein/calorie nutrition
    • A small percentage of global hunger – perhaps 1% at risk annually
    • Leads to increased mortality (usually to infectious diseases not starvation per se)
    • Great social disruption => increased problems with diseases and access to food
    • In any famine not all starve – the well off can buy food -- thus NOT usually only a simple shortage
four faces of hunger ii
Four Faces of Hunger II
  • II. Malnutrition/Undernutrition
    • Seasonal or periodic P/C under-nutrition
    • Most serious effects on kids and special needs adults (pregnant and lactating women, the elderly)
    • measures of malnutrition in children
      • Stunting - stature too short for age/sex (adjusted for local norms) => chronic
      • Wasting – weight too light for age/sex (adjusted for local norms) => acute
four faces of hunger iii
Four Faces of Hunger III
  • III. Micro-nutrient deficiencies
    • Vitamin and mineral shortages
    • Sometimes called “hidden hunger”
  • IV. Nutrition-depleting illnesses
    • Secondary malnutrition
    • Most common nutrient depleting diseases are infant/weanling diarrheas – 5 million deaths annually world wide
global hunger
Global Hunger
  • Global situation late 1990s
  • Data drawn from FAO’s SOFA report 2007
  • http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/a1200e/a1200e00.htm
  • The International Food Policy Research Institute:
  • http://www.ifpri.org/media/20071012GHI.asp
  • The concept of “food security”
global trajectories of hunger i
Global Trajectories of Hunger I
  • Proportions undernourished (or food insecure)
    • Late 1970s ~ 28%
    • Late 1990s ~17%
    • Thus, some real progress
    • Millennium Development Goals and not met
  • Micro-nutrient deficiencies
    • Iron: 40% of global south
    • Iodine: 12% of global south
    • Vitamin A: 14% of kids in global south
global trajectories of hunger ii
Global Trajectories of Hunger II
  • Absolute numbers undernourished (or food insecure)
    • 1970s ~ 900m; 2000 ~ > 800 m
    • => decrease of ~ 100m in absolute numbers (but smaller %)
  • Children 1993 ~ 200 m; now ~ 175 m
  • World food summit target (MDG) in 2015 => 400m
    • Current trajectory => 475-500m by 2015
    • Progress in some places, regression in others
regional differences malnourished or food insecure
Regional differences malnourished or food insecure
  • Global South (i.e., the global poor)
    • Sub-Saharan Africa
    • E. Asia, SE Asia, & Pacific
    • South Asia
    • Latin America & Caribbean
    • Near East & N. Africa
  • Developed Economies (mostly N America)